Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
large-scale movements and deformation of Earth's crust and lithosphere
compacts a block of rock and squeezes it into less space (reverse faulting)
tension (dilation)
pulls a block of rock apart and increases its length (normal faulting)
smears a block of rock and may eventually tear it apart into two blocks of rock that slide past one another along a strike-slip fault
melting point
specific temperature at which crystals of the given material begin to melt
partial melting
one part of the rock will melt before another part (Bowen's reaction series)
geothermal gradient
increasing temperature with depth
confining pressure
one atmosphere, atmospheric pressure
decompression melting
if a mineral is already near its melting point, and its confining pressure decreases enough, then it will melt