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23 Cards in this Set

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Who enabled the Church to absorb the works of Aristotle? He wrote "Summa Theologica"
St. Thomas Aquinas
St. Thomas Aquinas was a student of who?
Albert Magnus
"Summa Theologica" is an outstanding example of _______, which was "the attempt to reconcile lay knowledge with theology."
Medieval Scholasticism
Who first stated the necessity of the science of Sacred Doctrine, and next established that the Sacred Doctrine of the Church was a science
St. Thomas Aquinas
essence of Scholastic reasoning was to apply _______ to Church dogma
Deductive logic
Who is this man? "He was by far the most learned man of his age; and his acquirements were so much above the comprehension of his contemporaries, that they could only account for them by supposing that he was indebted for them to the devil."
Roger Bacon
"Science and art come to men through experience...and men of experience succeed even better than those who have theory without experience." and "Practical knowledge culminates in the work produced, natural philosophy in the facts as presented consistently and indubitably to sense-perception."
Aristotle
Who was behind the emergence of empiricism in 13th century Europe?
Roger Bacon
Unlike ________, observation of the natural world through the senses entailed no theological difficulties
Metaphysics
Who conducted experiments through anatomical studies and dissection and said "in believing what has been well found there are two criteria for all men, reason and experience"?
Physician Galen
Who was a champion of empiricism who wrote a treatise on falconry that contains detailed "personal observations of the habits of birds," and conducted experiments to test various propositions. He also put a man in a wine cask
Emperor Frederick II
Bacon studied the quadrivium at Oxford with who?
Robert Grosseteste
Who was the first to set out a systematic and coherent theory of experimental investigation? He derived scientific methodology from Aristotle's logic.
Robert Grosseteste
The ability to theoretically be capable of being shown to be incorrect
Falsifiability
Grosseteste utilized ________ for discriminating between alternative theories
Falsification
Who is the author of "Epistola de magnete"? "He is a master of experiment. He is ashamed that any things should be known to laymen, old women, soldiers, or ploughmen, of which he is ignorant."
Peter of Maricourt
the _____ was partly responsible for the adoption of the experimental method in science
Magnet
Bacon's great work was the _______
Opus Majus
Bacon listed four causes of error, or false knowledge, what are they?
Faulty, custom, popular opinion, conceit of knowledge
He said "the gate and key to the sciences is mathematics"
Roger Bacon
The real gem of the Opus Majus was in the sixth section, Experimental Science, where Bacon placed ________ over logic. "It is necessary then to prove everything by experience."
Empiricism
Leonardo da Vinci designed flying machines, but 150 years earlier, ______spoke of powered ships, flying machines, automobiles.
Roger Bacon
Bacon reserved special scorn for university professors, "icons of ignorance" in what Compendium?
Compendium Studii Philosophiae