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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
which direction does the ocean flow at the equator?
from east to west
which direction does the ocean flow around Antarctica?
from east to west
Where are the two major upwellings?
East of Japan
East of Africa
Where is the major downwelling?
East of US
What type of water is the most dense
cold and salty water
What are the four atmospheric lifting mechanisms?
Frontal, orographic, convergent, convectional
how do midlatitude cyclones form?
they begin at a low pressure zone, warm air spirals from the south and cool air spirals from the north.
How do cyclonic storm tracks shift during winter? during summer?
winter- south
summer- north
What are the levels of ecological organization?
Ecosystem
Ecosphere
Community
Species
Population
Individual
Tropical Rainforest
near equator
high rainfall
Tropical Savanna
warm
farther from equator
Africa
Temperate Deciduous Forest
Seasonal Climate
Wisconsin
Temperate Rainforest
Cool, Wet
Washington
Needleleafed Forests
Cold, Far North
Mediterranean Shrublands
Wet winter, hot dry summer, california
Grasslands
dryer than forest area, midwest
deserts
very dry, US Southwest, hadley cells descend here
Tundra
little vegetation, only low profile, high latitudes
Ice
At the poles, almost no life
What is a boundary between two ecosystems called?
Ecotone
What three groups make up the food chain
producers, consumers, detrivores
How much energy is lost between trophic levels?
90%
When does the most global warming occur?
Winter