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24 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A group of many islands is called ___________________.
archipelago
A part of an ocean or lake extending into the land and usually smaller than a gulf is called ____________________.
Bay
A point of land extending into a body of water is called ____________________.
Cape
A triangular deposit of sand and soil that collects at the mouth of some rivers is called ______________________.
Delta
A part of an ocean extending into land and usually larger than a bay is called a ____________________________.
Gulf
A narrow strip of land with water on both sides, connecting two larger areas of land is called ____________________.
isthmus
A narrow waterway connecting two large bodies of water is called __________________________.
strait
A stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river is called a _________________________.
tributary
A deep, narrow valley with high, steep sides is called a _____________________.
canyon
A dry, barren region that may be sandy and without trees is called _________________________.
desert
An area of land completely surrounded by water is called _______________________________.
island
A large body of water surrounded by land is called _____________________.
lake
A land form with high elevation and a pointed or rounded top higher than a hill is called ____________________.
mountain
Land surrounded by water on all sides but one is called a _________________________________.
peninsula
A broad and flat or gently rolling area usually low in elevation is called a ________________________.
plain
Low land between hills or mountains is called __________________________.
valley
An area that has little or no moisture or vegetation is called __________________________.
plateau
Define the geography term location and describe the difference between ABSOLUTE and RELATIVE.
Location means where a place is located. Absolute/exact location means the precise location using longitude and latitude degrees. Relative location refers to location in relation to some other place.
Define the geography term place.
Place means the description of both physical and human features. Ex.-physical are: climate, soil, plant, water, etc. Ex. - human are: house, languages, cultures, religions.
Define the geography term INTERACTION:
Interaction refers to how people interact with their environment and made adaptations to change their natural environment.
Define the geography term MOVEMENT.
Movement refers to the movement of people, goods and ideas. An example would be changes in the population over time.
Define the geography term REGION.
A region is an area of the world that has similar, unifying characteristics. Ex. - physical=climate and landforms. Ex. - human=cultural, Chinatown.
What is the Prime Meridian and what is the its longitude.
The zero meridian (0°)used as a reference line from which longitude east and west is measured. It passes through Greenwich, England.
What is the Equator and where is its latitude?
The imaginary great circle around the earth's surface, equidistant from the poles and perpendicular to the earth's axis of rotation. It divides the earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. A similar great circle drawn on the surface of a celestial body at right angles to the axis of rotation.