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41 Cards in this Set

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Geography
The thematic study of Earth, its regions and the ways people interact with their environment
Prime Meridian
-0 degrees longitude

-runs through Greenwich, England
Longitude
-meet at the north and south poles
-Measures east and west of the prime meridian
Equator
-0 degrees latitude

-Warmest area on Earth
Latitude
-measures north and south of the Equator
-0-90 degrees north and south
-parallel
Location
-position on the Earth using the Grid System
-knowing where you are
Absolute Location
Exact using latitude and longitude lines
Relative Location
In relation to another
Human-Environmental Interactions
balance between human activities and their physical environment
Place
what a place is like and where it is
Info about the weather, type of land, how people live, work and play
Region
Areas that show common characteristics
Movement
The relationship among places
Eight Planets
-Pluto is OUT
-Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune, Unanus and Earth
Earth Like Planets
-solid, spin slowly and have few or no moons
-Earth, Mars, Venus and Mercury
Jupiter Like Planets
-gaseous, spin rapidly and have many moons
-Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune, and Uranus
Moons Phases
New Moon, Quarter, Half, Full and Crescent
Moon
-determines ocean tides
-NO GRAVITY
-orbits the Earth
Solstice
-Midpoint in our orbit around the sun
-Summer is on June 21st and occurs over the Tropic of Cancer
-Winter is on December 21st and occurs over the Tropic of Capricorn
Equinox
-equal night and day in both hemispheres
-Autumn is on September 23
-Spring is on April 21
Earth
-23 1/2 degree tilt
-365 1/4 days to complete one revolution
-24 hours to complete a rotation
-spins at 1000 miles per hour
Evaporation
The sun heats the water from lakes, streams, and oceans. Then the water turns into vapor(gas)
Condensation
Warm air rises and cools, vapor turns back into liquid
Cloud
Droplets of water come together and form a cloud
Precipitation
Water falls back to the Earth's surface as rain, sleet or snow, depending on the temperature
Back to the Oceans
Precipitation returns to the ground, streams and lakes and heads back to the oceans
Climate
-a weather pattern in an area over a long period of time
-effected byt he sun, wind, latitude, oceans, bodies of water, landforms, people and the way the Earth's sun hits the Earth
Storms
-Hurricanes...Atlantic Ocean
-Typhoons.....Pacific Ocean
-Categorized on a 1 to 5 scale
Earth's Water
-Salt water oceans
-freshwater lakes and rivers
-icy glaciers
Influences on Climate
-Warm water currents
-low tropic latitude
-violent hurricanes
-inland rain shadow
Earth's Vegetation
-desert cactus
-wildflowers above timberline
-savannas in Southern India
-tropical rain forests
Social Groups
-rich, poor, middle class
-male, female
-age groups
-treatments and responsibilities of groups
Language
-way of sharing information
-strongest force in a culture
-different dialects and accents used to share information
Religion
-differs around the world
-helps people answer the basic questions of life
-Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Judaism
Daily Life
What people eat
What they wear
Houses
How they eat
Schooling and games played
History
it shapes how the people view themselves
Arts
The expression of people and their culture, whats beautiful and important
Government
The kind of political system a society has reflects culture
Democracy, monarchy, dictatorship
Economy
How people in the culture make a living
Traditional Economy
economic decisions are based on customs and beliefs of "what has always been done"
Market Economy
Individuals making decisions and based on free enterprise and limited interference in business
Command Economy
government owns and controls the business