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6 Cards in this Set

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Tropical Savanna climate zone
Where?
Characteristics?
Account for.
Northern Australia (Darwin, Kimberley, Cape York Peninsula)
hot wet summer, warm dry winter
700 (inland) to 1500mm annual
33 degree avg summer
18 degree avg winter min
90% rainfall Nov - March
Equatorial Lows - summer
Northerly winds - pick up evap over ocean, rise @ land and precipitation occurs
High yearly temps - high latitude & insolation
Winter - Sub tropical highs influence region
continental air masses - do not pick up evap
Mediterranean climate zone
Where?
Characteristics?
Account For.
SW Western Aus, Adelaide
hot dry summer, cool wet winter
30 degrees summer avg
18 degrees winter daytime avg
500 - 1000mm annual rain
adelaide 530mm, perth 870mm
sub tropical highs in summer - high pressure systems dominate
easterly winds - inland do not pick up precip so limited rainfall
high insolation, clear skies
winter - sup polar lows
westerly winds blow over ocean - pick up evap
adelaide recieves less rain than perth as lps must pass over land before reaching
Tropical Maritime climate zone
Where?
Characteristics?
Account for.
South QLD coast to Northern NSW
hot wet summers, warm wet winters
11 - 28 degrees temp range
heavy precipitation 1200 - 1600mm annually
northern coastal areas recieve more rainfall than southern areas
onshore trades for most of the year cause high rainfall
equatorial lows in summer - monsoonal activity, NE trades
warm ocean currents create high evap levels and moist air flows
winter - maritime location creates high evap levels
continental air masses assoc. with sth's cause periodic absences of rain in winter
relatively warm all year due to high latitudes
Temperate Maritime climate zone
Where?
Characteristics?
Account for.
NSW central coast, Victoria, Tasmania
warm summers, cool winters, few extremes
25 degrees summer, 11 - 18 winter
rain in all seasons
average yearly rainfall 1000 - 1700mm
summer rain - warm ocean current generates high evap.
winter - sub polar lows, low pressure cells bring cold fronts
cooler avg temp due to lower latitudes
eastern highlands have an orographic effect
tropical maritime air masses from north - summer
southern polar maritime air masses - winter
Semi Arid climate zone
Where?
Characteristics?
Account for.
Crescent from NW to Great Aus Bight in S.A. SW of WA
hot summer, cool to warm winter
transitional climate zone
annual temp rang 10 to 28 degrees
250 - 500mm rainfall annually
north tends to recieve more rainfall in summer
south recieves more rain in winter
sub tropical high pressure systems dominate all year
eastern highlands have rain shadow effect
greater distance from the coast - rain more unreliable
north - tropical maritime air masses bring limited monsoonal and precipitation effect
tropical continental air masses dominate all year (don't passt over water - no precip)
Arid climatic region
Where?
Characteristics?
Account for.
Areas of central Aust
hot dry summers and mild dry winters
annual temp range 10 to 40 degrees
less than 250mm rainfall annually
erratic and unreliable rainfall
clear skies and high levels of sunshine hours
dominance of sub tropical highs all year
continentality - increase distance from coast - rain more unreliable
inland winds, descending dry air of sth's cause little precip.
high temps and high evap rate cause unreliable precip.
lack of cloud cover allows heat to escape back into atmosphere at night causing cooler temps
northern areas recieve occassional summer rain due to eq lows