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55 Cards in this Set

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map:
a two dimensional or flat scale model of Earth's suface or a portion of it.
scale:
the relationship between the portion of earth being studied and earth as a whole.
space:
refers to the physical gap or interval between two objects.
Connections:
relationships among people and object across the barrier of space. c
cartography:
the science of mapmaking
four problems of projection
shape
distance
relative size
direction
scale:
refers to the raltionship of a feature;s size on a ma to its actual size on earth
Land Ordinance of 1785:
divided much of the country into a system of townships
township
a square sixe mile on each side (a sysem)
principal meridian:
north and south lines seperating townships
base lines
east and west line seperating townships
GIS geographic information system
a computer system that can capture, store, query, analyze, and display geographic data.
remote sensing-
acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting Earth o from other long-distance methods is known as remote sensing
GPS ( global positioning system)
a system that accurately determines the precise position of something on Earth.
toponym:
the name given to a place on Earth
location-
the position that something occupies on earth
site:
the physical character of a place.
situation
the location of a place relative to other places
meridian
arc drawn between the North adn south poles
parallel
circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to he meridians.
longiture.
numbering system for earth
prime meridian
zero degress
latitude
numbering system to indicate the location of a paralel
greenwich mean time (GMT)
the international agreement designated the time at the primemeridian
international date line
the place where you set the clock back a full twenty four hours
cultural landscape
a combination of cultural features such as language and religion, econommic features such as agricultre and industry, and physical features such as climate and vegetation
regional studies
contemporary cultural landscape
formal region
also called a uniform region or a homogeneous region, is an area within which everyone share in common one or more distinctive characteristics.
functional region
an area organized around a node or focal point.
vernacular egion
a place that people belive exists as part of their cultural identity.
mental map
inernal representation of a portion of earth's surface
culture:
the body of customary beliefs, material traits, and social forms that together constitute the distinct tradition of a groupof people.
cultural ecology:
the geographic study of human-enviroment relationships
enviromental determinism
how the physical environment caused social development
possibilism=
the phsical enviroment may limit some human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to their environment.
resources:
substance that are useful to people, economically and technologically feasible to acces, and socially acceptable to use
polder
a piece of land that is created by draining water
globalization
a force or process that involves the entire world and results in making something worldwide in scope.
transnational corporation
conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where its headquarters and prinicpal shareholder are located
distribution
the arrangement of a feature in space
arithmetic density
the total number of objects in an area, is commonly used to compare the distribution of population in different countries
physiological density
the number ofperson per unit of are suitable for agricultre
agricultural density
the numbe of farmers per unit area of farmland
concentration
the extent of a feture;s spread over space
pattern
the geometric arragement of objectsin space
space-time compression
describe the reduction in the time it take for something to reach another place.
distance decay-
contact diminishes with increasing distance and eventually dissaperars
diffusion
the process by which a characteristic spreads across space from one place to another over time
hearth
the place form which an innovaion oiginate
relocation diffusion
the spread of an idea through physical movement of peole from one place to another
hierarchail diffusion
the spread of an idea from person or nodes of authority or pow to other persons.
expansion diffusion
the spread of a feature from on place to another in a snowballing process
contagious diffusion
the rapid, widespread dffusion of a characteristic throughout the population
stimulus diffusion
the psread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse
uneven development
the increasing gap in economic conditions between regions in the core and periphery that results from the globalization of the economoy.