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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Circles
Arctic Circle is approximately 66° N and Antarctic Circle is approximatly 66° S of the Equator
Sphere
round, 3-d
Climate
the general weather pattern, including temperature and precipitation
Map Symbols (political)
٭ - captial
• - city
intermediate directions
the four directions that lie between the cardinal directions -- northeast, northwest, southeast and southwest
cardinal directions
the four directions -- north, south, east and west
Poles (axis)
The North Pole and South Pole are the end points of the earth's axis, making them the northernmost and southernmost points on earth. The earth spins on its axis
continents
from largest to smallest:
Asia
Africa
North America
South America
Antarctica
Europe
Australia
Peninsula
area of land surrounded by water on 3 sides
Equinox
the time during the year when the sun is over the equator and day and night are the same length (Mar. & Sept)
geography
the study of the earth, including cultural, physical and political features of people and places
globe
3-D map of the earth. More accurate representation than a map
equator
the imaginary line at 0° latitude that divides the earth into northern and southern Hemispheres.
Prime Meridian
The imaginary line at 0° longitude that divides the earth into the eastern and western hemispheres. It goes through Greenwich, England.
International Date Line
The imaginary line at longitude 180° where the date changes by one day
hemispheres
there are four hemispheres - eastern, western, northern and southern
Tropics
Tropic of Cancer 23 1/2° N
Tropic of Capricorn 23 1/2° S
latitude lines (parallels)
the lines that go east-west around the globe. They are measured from the equator
longitude lines (meridians)
the lines that go north-south along the globe. They are measured east or west from the Prime Merdian
atlas
a book of maps
key/legend
the part of a map that shows the symbols and explains what they mean
symbol
something that stands for something real. A pictoral representation of something real
border
political boundary; shown on a political map
index/grid
the lines of latitude and longitude on a map/globe
inset
a separate area on a map that shows part of the same territory
scale
part of a map that shows what real measurements represent as distances on the map.
bay (gulf)
a body of water partly enclosed by land, with a wide mouth leading to a larger body of water
strait (channel)
a small strip of water that connects two larger bodies of water
isthmus
a narrow strip of land that connects two larger land masses
island
an area of land completely surrounded by water
similarity between maps and globes
show the world
labels continents and oceans
label countries
difference between maps and globes
globe - round, textured, more accurate, less detail

map - flat, not textured, might not show all earth, more detailed, less accurate because flat
oceans
Arctic
Indian
Atlantic
Pacific
compass rose
- cardinal (black)
- intermediate (red)