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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is geography?
"description of the earth"; the study of where things are, why they are there, spatial patterns and the processes that create them, and the interactions between humans and the environment
Where/When did geography get started?
Greeks began studying and Eratosthenes coined the term "geography" over 2200 years ago; 1874- first geography department was established in Prussia
What are the basic geographic concepts?
location, direction, distance;

location-->> absolute- unchanging
relative- relative to something else
What are the 5 fundamental themes of geography?
relationships with other places
What is the difference between formal and functional regions?
formal region-> uniform physical characteristics

functional region-> no physical characteristics looked at, just events that take place
What is distance decay?
The exponential decline of an activity or function with increasing distance from its point of origin.
Longitude vs. Latitude
Longitude-> extend from pole to pole, prime meridian in the largest

Latitude-> equator is the largest
How do you transform a spherical surface into a flat surface?
map projection->
*properties: area
What are the three main types of map projections?
Cylindrical- useful for mid latitudes

Conic- better for mid latitudes

Planar- very accurate but most only show half of the world at one time

* Over 100 map projections exist*
Types of Projections--
Mercator Projection (cylindrical)- used in the 1500s

Polyconic Projection- use many cones

Lambert Planar- better for upper lattitudes

Robinson Projection- the average map, Ram McNally began using these maps in 1961