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101 Cards in this Set

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Question
Answer
1. What is the supreme law of the land?*
The Constitution
2. What does the Constitution do?*
"▪ sets up the government
3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?*
We the People
4. What is an amendment?
"▪ a change (to the Constitution)
5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
the Bill of Rights
6. What are the rights or freedoms from the First Amendment?*
"▪ speech
7. How many amendments does the Constitution have?
▪ twenty-seven (27)
8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?*
"▪ announced our independence (from Great Britain)
9. What rights are given in the Declaration of Independence?
"▪ life
10. What is freedom of religion?
▪ You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.
11. What is the economic system in the United States?
"▪ capitalist economy
12. What is the “rule of law”?
"▪ Everyone must follow the law.
13. Name the branches or parts of the government.
"▪ Congress
14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
"▪ checks and balances
15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?
▪ the President
16. Who makes federal laws?
"▪ Congress
17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?
▪ the Senate and House (of Representatives)
18. How many U.S. Senators are there?
▪ one hundred (100)
19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
▪ six (6) years
20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?
"Virginia--Mark Warner
21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
▪ four hundred thirty-five (435)
22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
"▪ two (2) years
23. Name your U.S. Representative.
"Virginia:
24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
▪ all people of the state
25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
"▪ (because of) the state’s population
26. We elect a President for how many years?
▪ four (4) years
27. In what month do we vote for President?
November
28. What is the name of the President of the United States now?*
▪ Barack Obama
29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?*
▪ Joseph R. Biden, Jr.
30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
▪ the Vice President
31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
▪ the Speaker of the House
32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
the President
33. Who signs bills to become laws?
the President
34. Who vetoes bills?
▪ the President
35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?
▪ advises the President
36. What are the Cabinet-level positions?
"Attorney General, Vice President, Secretary of :
37. What does the judicial branch do?
"▪ reviews laws
38. What is the highest court in the United States?
▪ the Supreme Court
39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
▪ nine (9)
40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?
▪ John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)
41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What are the powers of the federal government?
"▪ to print money
42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What are the powers of the states?
"▪ provide schooling and education ▪ provide protection (police)
43. Who is the Governor of your state now?
"Robert F. McDonnell
44. What is the capital of your state?
"Richmond, Virginia
45. What are the two major political parties in the United States?
▪ Democratic and Republican
46. What is the political party of the President now?
▪ Democratic (Party)
47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
▪ (John) Boehner
48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe them.
"▪ Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).
49. What are the responsibilities that are only for United States citizens?
"▪ serve on a jury
50. Name the rights only for United States citizens.
"▪ vote in a federal election
51. What are the rights of everyone living in the United States?
"▪ freedom of expression
52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?*
"▪ the United States
53. What promises do immigrants make when they become a United States citizen?
"▪ give up loyalty to other countries
54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*
▪ eighteen (18) and older
55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
"▪ vote
56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
▪ April 15
57. When must all men register for the Selective Service?
"▪ at age eighteen (18)
58. What reasons did colonists came to America?*
"▪ freedom
59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?*
"▪ American Indians
60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?*
"▪ Africans
61. Why did the colonists fight the British?
"▪ because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
▪ (Thomas) Jefferson
63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?*
▪ July 4, 1776
64. There were 13 original states. Name them.
"New Hampshire ▪ Massachusetts
65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
"▪ The Constitution was written.
66. When was the Constitution written?*
1787
67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name the writers.
"▪ (James) Madison
68. What is Benjamin Franklin is famous for?*
"▪ U.S. diplomat
69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?*
"George Washington
70. Who was the first President?*
▪ (George) Washington
71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
▪ the Louisiana Territory ▪ Louisiana
72. Name the wars fought by the United States in the 1800s.
"▪ War of 1812
73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
"▪ the Civil War
74. Name the problems that led to the Civil War.
"▪ slavery
75. What were the important things that Abraham Lincoln did?*
"▪ freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
"▪ freed the slaves
77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?*
"▪ fought for women’s rights
78. Name the war fought by the United States in the 1900s.
"▪ World War I
79. Who was President during World War I?
▪ (Woodrow) Wilson
80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
▪ (Franklin) Roosevelt
81. Who did the United States fight in World War II?
▪ Japan, Germany, and Italy
82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
▪ World War II
83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
▪ Communism
84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
▪ civil rights (movement)
85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*
"▪ fought for civil rights
86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?
▪ Terrorists attacked the United States.
87. Name the American Indian tribes in the United States.*
"▪ Cherokee ▪ Navajo ▪ Sioux▪ Chippewa ▪ Choctaw ▪ Pueblo ▪ Apache ▪ Iroquois ▪ Creek
88. Name the two longest rivers in the United States.*
"▪ Missouri (River)
89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
▪ Pacific (Ocean)
90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
▪ Atlantic (Ocean)
91. Name the U.S. territories.
"▪ Puerto Rico
92. Name the states that borders Canada.
"▪ Maine
93. Name states that borders Mexico.
"▪ California
94. What is the capital of the United States?*
▪ Washington, D.C.
95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?*
"▪ New York (Harbor)
96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?*
"▪ because there were 13 original colonies
97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?*
▪ because each star represents a state and there are 50 states
98. What is the name of the national anthem?*
▪ The Star-Spangled Banner
99. When do we celebrate Independence Day?*
▪ July 4
100. Name the national U.S. holidays.
"▪ New Year’s Day