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36 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
the study of the sign-systems by which meaningful communication or literary discourse occurs. As understood by semiotics, in a linguistic event a set of conventions (langue) is used to express a particular meaning (parole). The linguistic event in turn has meaning to a receiver able to apply a set of conventions to its signs. The operations by which a reader/receiver interprets signs and makes them meaningful is termed naturalization.
1. Grammar.
a. a set of forms all of which contain a particular element, esp. the set of all inflected forms based on a single stem or theme.
b. a display in fixed arrangement of such a set, as boy, boy's, boys, boys'.
2. an example serving as a model; pattern.
1. of, pertaining to, or situated or dwelling on the bank of a river or other body of water: riparian villas.
2. Law. a person who owns land on the bank of a natural watercourse or body of water
1. disposed to be silent or not to speak freely; reserved.
2. reluctant or restrained.
1. resisting authority or control; not obedient or compliant; refractory.
2. hard to deal with, manage, or operate.
1. burdensome, oppressive, or troublesome; causing hardship: onerous duties.
2. having or involving obligations or responsibilities, esp. legal ones, that outweigh the advantages: an onerous agreement.
1. a remedy for all disease or ills; cure-all.
2. an answer or solution for all problems or difficulties: His economic philosophy is a good one, but he tries to use it as a panacea.
extremely attentive to punctilios; strict or exact in the observance of the formalities or amenities of conduct or actions.
1. to exclude, by general consent, from society, friendship, conversation, privileges, etc.: His friends ostracized him after his father's arrest.
2. to banish (a person) from his or her native country; expatriate.
1. the function or work of a teacher; teaching.
2. the art or science of teaching; education; instructional methods.
the policy of a strong nation in seeking political and economic hegemony over an independent nation or extended geographical area without necessarily reducing the subordinate nation or area to the legal status of a colony.
1. to delay the impending punishment or sentence of (a condemned person).
2. to relieve temporarily from any evil.
3. a respite from impending punishment, as from execution of a sentence of death.
4. a warrant authorizing this.
5. any respite or temporary relief.
1. the study of toponyms.
2. Anatomy. the nomenclature of the regions of the body.
1. prominent or conspicuous: salient traits.
2. projecting or pointing outward: a salient angle.
3. leaping or jumping: a salient animal.
4. Heraldry. (of a beast) represented as leaping: a lion salient.
favorable to or promoting health; healthful: salubrious air.
an unreasonable fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers or of that which is foreign or strange.
existing or being everywhere, esp. at the same time; omnipresent: ubiquitous fog; ubiquitous little ants.
1. not genuine, authentic, or true; not from the claimed, pretended, or proper source; counterfeit.
2. Biology. (of two or more parts, plants, etc.) having a similar appearance but a different structure.
3. of illegitimate birth; bastard.
1. (of language) native or indigenous (opposed to literary or learned).
2. expressed or written in the native language of a place, as literary works: a vernacular poem.
3. using such a language: a vernacular speaker.
–noun, plural -ties.
1. the quality or state of being sovereign.
2. the status, dominion, power, or authority of a sovereign; royalty.
3. supreme and independent power or authority in government as possessed or claimed by a state or community.
1. having a disparaging, derogatory, or belittling effect or force: the pejorative affix -ling in princeling.
1. obtained, done, made, etc., by stealth; secret or unauthorized; clandestine: a surreptitious glance.
2. acting in a stealthy way.
3. obtained by subreption; subreptitious.
an outgrowth of the U.S. liberal movement, beginning in the late 1960s, that modified somewhat its traditional endorsement of all trade unions and opposition to big business and military buildup.
1. Biology.
a. the living together of two dissimilar organisms, as in mutualism, commensalism, amensalism, or parasitism.
1. inclined to silence; reserved in speech; reluctant to join in conversation.
2. dour, stern, and silent in expression and manner.
New World Order
the post-Cold War organization of power in which nations tend to cooperate rather than foster conflict.
1. relating to, occurring on, or involving one side only: unilateral development; a unilateral approach.
2. undertaken or done by or on behalf of one side, party, or faction only; not mutual: a unilateral decision; unilateral disarmament.
1. hazy, vague, indistinct, or confused: a nebulous recollection of the meeting; a nebulous distinction between pride and conceit.
2. cloudy or cloudlike.
1. overabundance; excess: a plethora of advice and a paucity of assistance.
2. Pathology Archaic. a morbid condition due to excess of red corpuscles in the blood or increase in the quantity of blood.
1. of or pertaining to spring: vernal sunshine.
2. appearing or occurring in spring: vernal migratory movements.
1. commonplace or dull; matter-of-fact or unimaginative: a prosaic mind.
2. of or having the character or form of prose rather than poetry.
Primary Industry
n industry, as agriculture, forestry, or fishing, that deals in obtaining natural materials.
Secondary Industry
any industry that processes raw materials that are then provided to primary industry for manufacture of products
Tertiary Industry
The segment of the economy that provides services to its consumers. This includes a wide range of businesses including financial institutions, schools, transports and restaurants.
Western U.S. the sandy, salty, or mud-caked flat floor of a desert basin having interior drainage, usually occupied by a shallow lake during or after prolonged, heavy rains.
-Metropolitan Statistical Area or “MSA”
MSAs are delineated on the basis of a central urbanized area—a contiguous area of relatively high population density. The counties containing the core urbanized area are known as the central counties of the MSA. Additional surrounding counties (known as outlying counties) can be included in the MSA if these counties have strong social and economic ties to the central counties as measured by commuting and employment.