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88 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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cephalon
head
thorax
body
pydgium
tail
subclass xiphosura
horseshoe crabs
telson
sharp barb at point of tail
subphylum crustacia contains which animals
lobsters, crabs, ostracods, barnacles
phyllum mollusca
unsegmented, covered with mantle, soft, fleshy, bi-lateral symmetry
radula
on molluks. row of teeth
class gastrapoda(gastrapods)
snails, have a foot
class bivalvia(bivalves) - include which animals
clams, oysters, mussles, scallops
class cephalopoda(cephelapods)
have arms, tentacles suction cups, also have jaws/beak
nautiloids
simple sutures(septa) they are rounds with no zig zags, have siphuncle
siphuncle
cord that connects all chambers in shell. used for buoyancy.
ammonoids
like nautiloids but with zig zag sutures when new septa are formed
differnt types of zig zags in ammoinoids
goniatitic
cerratitic
ammonititic

the severity of the zig zags gets worse as the list goes down
echonoids
starfish, sea urchins, blastoids
have water vascular system
5 sided symmetry.
phyllum hemichordata
acorn worms, grapolites.
are extinct now
autotreca
where grapolite lived in its shell. the actual hole
nema
connecting thread of grapolite
phylum Porifera(think pore)
sponges
have paragaster and choanocytes
paragaster
central cavity in sponges
choanocytes
flagellum cells that make current to help feed the sponge
osculum
opening at the top where used water is expunged after being drawn in
3 classes of sponges
demospongea
hexactinellida
calcispongea
class demospongea
made of spongin or silica
1 or 4 ray spicules
class hexactinellida
glass sponges
6 ray spicules
class calcispongea
calciferous, any form. they look tree like in appearance
Phylum Cnidaria
first to have true tissue
have coelenteron
stinging cells
medusa and polyp stage
coelenteron
cavity of sac
nematocysts
stinging cells
hydrazoa
jellyfish
anthozoa
coral, have septa
3 orders -
1. rugose
2. tabulae
3. seleractinian
class rugose
shaped like a horn
well developed septa
well developed tabulae
class tabulata
no septa
well developed tabuulae
extinct
class scelractinian
looks like a brain(ha!)
well developed septa
have white or bleached look sometimes
Phylum annelida
segmented worms
Phylum Bryozoa
live in chambers
individuals called zooecia
have lophophore, aperture,
Order trepostamata
massive, irregular and thick bryozoa
Order cryptostomata
thin, tree or fan like
order cheilostomata
most encrusting forms
attach to other forms of life and animals like a barnacle
Phylum Braciapoda(brachiapods)
2 valved shells
symmetrical on the line passing through the hinge
use lophophore
have diductor and adductor
can have a stand called pedicule
lophophore
thin ligament used for feeding. stuck out of living hole to grab food. used by brachiopods and bryazoans
class Inarticula
class in braciapoda
convex, oval, no teeth or sockets
class articulata
has 2 orders
1. strophomenida
2. spiriferida
class strophomendia
a braciapod
shaped like a "D"
class spiriferida
brachiapod that looks like a rolled up mustache
long hindgeline
glabella
nodule on the cephalon(head) of a trilobite
rudists
extinct bivalve during cretaceious
upper valve is flat
Phylum cordata
presence of hollow dorsal nerve cord
Chondrichythes
sharks, rays and skates
supported jaws
cartilagenious and skeleton
osteichythes
ossified bone skeleton
swim bladder
Actinoptergii
ray finned fish
sacropterygii
lobe fin fish
coelecanth
lungfish
choanata
have a choana, seperation between mouth and nose. this allows one to breathe while their mouth is closed
tetrapoda
first vertebras on land
finger and toe bones
Amphibians
caudata
anura
gymnophiona
gymnophiona
wormlike animals with bones
anura
frogs
caudata
salamanders
diapsid
2 holes in head. birds, dinos, crocs
synapsid
1 hole in head
mammals
anapsid
no hole in head
turtles
mammals
monotremes- lay eggs
placentalia - give birth with placenta
marsupialia - have pouch where child develops
Reptilia
turtles, lizards, snakes, dinosaurs
archosaurs
precursors to dinosaurs
walked on hind legs
aves
birds
Therapoda
t rex and other dino meat eaters
Chlorophyta
green algae
Bryophyta
non vascular plants
1. hepaticae - liverworts
2. musci - mosses
moist enviorments, smaller
Tracheophyta
vasular plants
1. lycopsida - club mosses
2. sphenospsida - horsetails
3. filicopsida - ferns
4. gymnospermopsida - cyads, conifers, ginkos
AngioSpermophyta
flowering plants
1. dicotyldonae
2. monocotyledonae
xylem and phloem
xylem help things go up
phloem help them go down
plant vascular system
monocots
grasses, lilies, corn, bamboo, banana, pineapple, sugar cane
vascular bundles throughout plant
3's, 6's
dicots
oaks, maples fruit trees, cacti
vascular ring round egde
4's and 5's
angiosperms
flowering plants
monocots
dicots
gymnosperms
seeded plants
conifers, pine trees, ginkos
cyads, seed ferns
d
benthic
live on the bottom of the sea
pelagic
live right above the bottom
epifaunal
live on the sediment
infaunal
live burried in the sediment
sessile
immobile
vagile
movers and shakers
nektonic
swimmers
plantonic
floaters
reef
biogenic buildup of carbonate rock.
preserves well.
corals are the reef builders today
foraminifera
single celled marine creatures.
hemipelagic sediment
sediement made from continental sources like plumes or mudslides
pelagic sediments
sediment that consists of plankton, diatoms and other floating organisms that die and settle on the sea floor