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155 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
communication networks
any way ppl send or receive info or ideas
communist countries
those w/a command economy and socialist system
veld
grassy interior plateau
rift valley
long narrow valley w/ steep walls caused by shifting of the earth's crust
tropic of capricorn
23 1/2 south of equator
vital stats
records of the most basic events of our lives
luan
philippine mahogany
telecommunications
the electrical ways of sending long distance messages between 2+ ppl
gauchos
indian nomadic descendant cowboys
common market
group of countries that have joined together to let goods move feely from one member country to another w/o being taxed
culture region
a group of countries w/a common history, language, religion, or ways of living
paddies
fields w/banks around them
animists
spirit-worshippers
demographers
population specialists
loess
wind blown soil
3rd stage
birth rate falls, better medical care, death rate falls, 1-2% growth rate
rate of natural growth
% that shows how fast the population is growing, must know birth / death rates
transportation networks
move ppl, things, ideas, or info from one place to another
indochina
mainland of se asia
bedouins
arabs
scale
the size of a amp, compared w/what it represents
swahili
coastal language w/many arab words, is language of trade
shiism
islamic religion practiced in iran
ottoman empire
former turk empire which occupied asia minor, n africa, se europe and sw asia
berber
original north african inhabitant
gezira
region of irrigated land where nile and blue nile rivers merge
irrigation
way to water from crops artificially
language
speech used by a country , tribe , or group of ppl to communicate
boers
early dutch farmers
communication networks
any way ppl send or receive info or ideas
afrikaners
descendants of boers
bantu
dark-skinned tribe
apartheid
official policy to keep black and whites seperate
palestine
s part of land fringing med sea
large-scale maps
show only a small egion and many details of that area
muslims
followers of islam
bantustans
african reservations
westernizing
spread of western technology
arab
nomadic desert tribes of arabian peninsula
bazaar
traditional market area
domesticated
tamed
favela
slum on outskirts of brazilian city
mate'
tea made from dried leaves
population density
where people live
economic systems
the ways ppl use their resources to meet their needs and wants
great circle
equator b/c it contains center of earth
balsa
tropical American tree that is strong but light
rotation
spinning w. to e. motion of earth
commodity organization
group of countries that have joined together to control how their particular product is best bought and sold
population density
figure that tells u avg. number of ppl living on sq. unit of land
4th stage
birth & death rates low, growth <1%, where we are
third world
rest of the worlds countries
socialism
economic system in which the means of production are owned by the government
reservoirs
lg lakes where h2o is stored
landlocked
shut in by land w/no outlet to the sea
tierra helada
perpetual ice and snow
command economy
economic system in which the government makes most of the decisions according to a central plan
plaza
park
market economy
system in which producers and consumers are free of government controls
antarctic circle
66 1/2 south of equator
sparse
where there are only a few ppl living far apart
globe
sphere w/a map covering it
tierra fria
cool lands w/mild days and cold nights w/wheat and potatoes
mesopotamia
the land between the tigris and euphrates rivers
communism
system of communist countries
mixed economies
economic system that includes some features of capitalism and some of socialism
arctic circle
66 1/2 north of equator
authoritarianism
political system in which leaders choose themselves and impose their will on the ppl
sheik
bedouin leader
2nd stage
beginnings of technology, death rate falls, lg families, rate of growth up to 3/4%
pampas
plains area in argentina and uruguay from inland to coast
religion
system of beliefs
rural
belonging to the countryside
latifundios
lg. SA estates
census
periodic offical count of ppl every 10 yrs
immigrate
to come into a country / region to live there
jute
tough reed whose fibers are used as carpet backing and burlap bags
estancias
large ranches
lines of longitude
meridians that are geat circles
alliances
joining of countries to protect themselves from invasion
dense
where there are many ppl living close together
anglo-america
us and canada, part of wH where the majority of ppl speak english
chicle
sap that forms base for chewing gum
latin america
n mexico to s sa where spanish culture predominates
ejidos
lg mexican farm owned and worked by several lg families or community
hemisphere
1/2 sphere
haciendas
lg ranch/estate in Latin America where landless farmers worked
civilization
culture and ways of living or a group of ppl or country
mestizos
have Spanish and Indian ancestors
sphere
round ball
emigrate
to leave ones country to settle in another
summer solstice
beginning of summer in our hemisphere, June 21 (longest day)
general reference map
shows places such as land and water bodies, countries, and cities
tierra caliente
hot lands
rain shadow
dry area on a leeward side of mountain
migration
moving of people from place to place
estuary
finger of the sea
death rate
number of deaths each year for every 1000 ppl
special purpose map
shows an important feature
tannin
acid used to make strong leather
llama
camel-like animal used as beast of burden
quebracho
SA tree w/hard wood which produces tannin
birth rate
number of births each yr for every 1000 ppl
lines of latitude
set of lines parallel to each other that run around the globe east and west of equator
coca
leaves chewed to fight cold temperatures
1st stage
population SLOW, many children die, war, few countries today
tierra templada
warm temperatures w/ coffee and citrus
map symbols
stand for something on a map
llanos
grassy lowlands in orinoco basin
cultural / human features
all ppl and things made or changed by ppl
population
number of worlds people
puna
cold lands
small-scale maps
show large areas of the earth and sm. amounts of detail
geographer
a person who studies places on the earth's surface and the ppl in those places
anchovies
small silver fish from peru
geography
concerned w/ppl and their environment
region
lg. area of land which has 1 or more features that make it different from neighboring areas
groww national product per person
total value of everything a country produces in one yr divided by population
sunnism
islam practiced in most of the islamic world
revolution
earth's circular orbit around the sun
map
representation of the earth's surface
projection
method used to flatten out the earth on a piece of paper
squatter
person who settles on public or unoccupied land w/o permission
international date line
invisible line in Pacific Ocean where e and w time zones meet
backlands
lands that presently lay idle
tropic of cancer
23 1/2 north of equator
equator
divides earth into 2 = parts
culture
common way of thinking and acting
cacao
sm SA tree which is used for chocolate
capitalism
economic system that functions w/individual ownership
autumnal equinox
in N. H. , 9/23 when sun strongest at equator
vernal equinox
3/21, 1st day of spring in NH, when sun = in both hemispheres
sisal
fibers used to make rope
adobe
sun-dried clay or mud
fertile crescent
lg area which stetch in arc from med sea to persian gulf
fazenda
brazilian coffee plantation
political systems
the ways ppl make and carry out their laws
latitude
distance or position north and south of the equator
legend aka KEY
explains map symbols
holocaust
hitler's mass murders
free world
democratic countries which have democratic gov and industrialized market economies w/ some government ownership
natural / physical features
all parts of environment not made by ppl
parallels
lines of latitude
axis
imaginary line that runs thru center of earth
winter solstice
1st day of winter in NH, reversed summer solstice
democracy
political system where ppl elect representatives to make their laws
meridians
imaginary lines crossing the parallels
subcontinent
land mass that is very large, but smaller than a continent
coordinate
degrees of latitude and longitude used in giving location
cyclones
seasonal wind of the indian ocean, accompanied by heavy rains
sharecroppers
subsistence farmers who work the land of the lg landowners for a share of the crop
longitude
distance or position measured e or w of prime meridian
prime meridian
0 longitude, which runs thru NP thru Greenwich, England
grid
pattern formed when parallels placed over meridians
linkages
anything that moves ppl or things from 1 place to another