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49 Cards in this Set

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Formal Regions
Regions that display a measurable/visible homogeneity.
Functional Region
Forged by a structured, urban-centered system of interaction. Has core and periphery.
Scale - 1:103,000,000
North America
Scale - 1:53,200,000
Canada/N. US
Scale - 1:24,000,000
Quebec
Scale - 1:1,000,000
Montreal
Wegener
hypothesized continential drift (S. America west from Africa - Andes Mtn.s)
Subduction
When plates collide, the less heavy rock rides over the heavier, which is pushed down - making mountains. (New Zealand's South Island)
Climate - A
Humid Equitorial (tropical, high temp.s and lots of rain. Tip of Florida.
Climate - B
Dry, W US (before coast), Spain, SE Europe, S Russia.
Climate - C
Humid Temperature, mid-latitude, a lot of US (mid-east south), most of W Europe, good for crops.
Climate - D
Humid Cold (snow), interior of large land masses, NE US, Canada, E Europe, Russia
Climate - E
Cold Polar, icecap conditions, no vegetation, tundra
Climate - H
Highland, high elevation, complex topography, some CA, midwest (near rocky mountains).
Hydrologic Cycle
The system that carries evaporated ocean water (leaving salt behind) over landmasses where it falls as rain or snow, best in high heat and humidity of low latitudes.
Cultural Landscape
The forms superimposed on the physical landscape by the activities of man (central business district).
Neocolonialism
Developing countries accuse developed countries as this, perpetuating its long-term advantage through the entrenchment of the old system under a new guise.
Local Functional-specialization
Started with Roman rule, production of particular goods by particular people in particular places.
Agrarian Revolution 1
Domestication of plants and animals
Agrarian Revolution 2
Cross-breading, hybridization, fatter cows.
Von Thunen model
In "The Isolated State", bull's eye: Central city, intensive famring and dairying, forest, increasingly extensive field crops, ranching - animal products. (Europe with London, Benelux, bit of France/Germany/Switz as core)
Alfred Weber
"Concerning the Location of Industries" - focused on activities that take place at particular points rather than over large areas - represented factors of industrial location, the clustering or dispersal of places of intense manufacturing activity.
Agglomerative
(concentrating) - part of Weber model, cluster together to share equipment, transport facilities, labor skills (London and Paris).
Deglomerative
(dispersive) - excessive agglomeration, competition for increasingly expensive space, pollution, etc.
Spatial Interaction (3)
Edward Ullman - Complementarity, Transferability, Intervening Opportunity.
Complementarity
(Spatial Interaction) - when one area has a surplus of a commodity required by another area. Ex. Italy needs coal from W. Europe, gives citrus fruits, grapes, olives (double comp.).
Transferability
(Spatial Interaction) - the ease with which a commodity is transported between producer and consumer (not a problem in Europe, is in Russia).
Intervening Opportunity
(Spatial Interaction) - potential trade between two places, even if they are in a position of complementarity and do not have a problems of trans., will develop only in the absence of a closer, intervening source of supply.
Supranationalism
Benelux
Four Motors of Europe
Rhone-Alps region of France (Lyon), Lombardy Italy (Milan), Catalonia Spain (Barcelona), Baden- Wurttemberg Germany (Stuttgart). Bypass national gov.s in dealing with each other - and to world.
Devolutionary Pressures:
Basque region (N Spain), Northern Ireland, Corsica (France), Lombardy (Italy).
Site-Situation
Site - physical attributes of place it occupies
Situation - location relative to surrounding areas of productive capacity

Ex. Paris, with Weber's agglomeration
France Geog. Factors
No good natural harbors, rivers not navigable by ocean-going ships - except Seine to Rouen. Fertile agriculture, Rivers good for travel within country.
British Isles Geog. Factors
Insularity (security), good soil.
Continentality
inland climatic environment remote from moderating and moistening maritime influences (Russia) - no natural barriers against the onslaught of Artic air.
Distance Decay
(Russia) - increasig distances between places tends to reduce interactions among them.
Heartland Theory
(Mackinder) - Western Russia and Eastern Europe enjoyed a combination of natural protection and resource wealth that would someday propel its occupants to world power. Heartland would become a stage for world domination.
Spykman
Said Eurasia's periphery, not core, was where power came from.
Importance of Volga
Russia's lifeline, important historically, transit of foodstuffs and raw materials to and from other regions.
Problems in Russia:
Exlave of Azerbaijan in Armenia, Armenia occupation but still recognized as Azerbaijan.

Centrifugal Fource: South Ossetia in Georgia, North Ossetia part of Russia, Georgia disfunctional state because of these factions.
Oil and Gas regions of Russia:
Mainly by Caspian sea, some to North as well, along Urals, Sakhalin.
Regions
1. All have area, boundaries
2. All have location (relative and absolute)
3. Some marked by homogeneity
Headlink
NY City
State:
politically organized, administered by sovereign gov, recognized, permanent residents, organized economy, functioning internal circulation system.
Friction of Distance
Problem in Russia, energy to move stuff, cheapest on water.
Trilogy of a nation
land, belief, language are centripetal forces
Advantages to Russia's size
resources, room to expand, room to retreat
Disadvantages to Russia's size
Political control, borders, climatic extremes, time zone, transferability
Russia affected by 3 natural conditions
latitude, continentality, position of mountains