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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
method of improving a species by allowing those individual organisms with desired characteristics to produce the next generation
selective breeding
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best traits of both organisms
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
having many sets of chromosomes (fatal in animals)
process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
genetic engineering
enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides
restriction enzyme
procedure used to seperate and analyze DNA
gel electrophoresis
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
recombinant DNA
technique that allows molecular biologists to make many copies of a particular gene
polymerase chain reaction
analysis of sections of DNA in order to identify individuals
DNA fingerprinting
circular DNA molecule found in bacteria
gene that makes it possible to distinguish bacteria that carry a plasmid with foreign DNA from those that don't
genetic marker
method for reading the sequence of bases in a section of DNA
DNA sequencing
term that refers to an organism that contains genes from other organisms
member of a population of genetically identical organisms produced from a single cell
single stranded areas produced when a DNA sequence is cut, anti-bacterial
sticky ends
based on the ability of bacteria to transform, or take in DNA from outside the cell
genes in a cell that need to be temporarily turned off
quiescent cell
mutation that involves overgrown organs in cloned animals
Large Offspring Syndrome
more profitable and safe method of cloning by extraction donated tissue cells
Tissue Engineering