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39 Cards in this Set

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Omeprazole
Losec
Duodenal/Gastric Ulcer
H pylori
Cyclobenzaprine
Flexeril
Centrally acting Skeltal Mascle Relaxant
SE:Dry mouse, blurred vision, photo phobia, urinary retention, constipation. Drowsiness.
Clarithromycin
Biaxin
Antibiotic
Lower/Upper Resp infection
Acute maxillary sinusitis
H. pylori`
Metaxalone
Robaxin
Centrally acting Skeltal Mascle Relaxant
SE:Hepatic Toxicity, Drowsiness.
Baclofen
Lioresal
Centrally acting muscle relaxant (MS,SCI)
No direct effect to Muscle= Not dicrease Muscle strength
SE:CNS reaction(Drowsiness, Dizziness,Resp depression) GI(nausea, constipation, Urinary retention)
Metronidazole
Flagyl
Antibacterial/protozoal
For antibiotic-induced diarrhea and colitis (incl C-difficile), H.pylori, anaerobic bacterial infection of CNS,Abd,bones,joints,skin,GI.
Ciprofloxacin
Cipro
Antibacterial
For Broad spectrum bacteria infection of Rsp,GU,GI, Bones(but not for meningitis), joints, skin.
SE:GI(N&V,diarrhea) CNS(dizziness, headache, confusion)
 hold Tube feeding + food (iron,milk etc)2hours before and after
Cloxacillin
Cloxapen
Antistaphylococcal penicillin
Zinc
For diaper rash
Enalapril
ACE Inhibitor
For HTN,CHF,post MI
SE:Hypotention
Prochlorpeazine
Stemetil
Antipsychotic/Antiemetic
For agitation, confusion, delusion, tension and anxiety.
SE:Aathisia,dystonia,dyskinesia,Tardivedyskinesia, CNS dipression,ECGchange, GI(dry mouth, constipation,nasal congestion)
Pyridoxine
Vitamin B6
For VB deficiancy (alcoholic)
Thiamin
Vitamin B1
For VB deficiancy (alcoholic)
Risedronate
Actonel
Bone Metabolism Reglator
For osteoporosis
 should be taken in AM with full glass of H2O before first fluid/food.
 remaine up right for 30min to prevent GI SE.
Tolterodine
Detrol
Muscarinic Antagonist
For Incontinence of urin (overactive bladder)
SE:Dry mouth
Metoclopramide
Maxeran
Antiemetics
SE:sadation, diarrhea
Atorvastatin
Lipitor
Antihyperlipidemic/hypercholesterolemia
Ramipril
Altace
ACE-inhibitor
for HTN, Heart failure, MI, Diabetic Nephropathy
SE:Hypotention, dry cough, Hyper Kalemia, Renal failure.
Omeprazole
Losec, Prilosec, Nexium
Antisecretory
Domperidone
Motilium
Antiemetics
Hydrochlorothiazide
Loop diuretics
 2nd effective diuretics after Lasix
SE:Hypo K,Na, HyperGlycemia
Spironolactone
Aldactone
Potassium-Sparing Diuretics
 least effective diuretics
 retention of K, excretion of Sodium.
Mannitol
Osmitrol
Osmotic Diuretics
 works in nephron, not reabsorbed after filteration
 no effect on K,Na.
 most effective under conditions of low filtrate production ie.Shock, Dehydration.
SE:Edema(drug stays in veins)
never use for CHF
Phenytoin
Dilantin
Antiepileptic
For Epilepsy and Cardiac Dysrhythmias
SE:Gingival Hyperplasia, skin rash
 incompatible with NS!
Docsate
Colace
Surfactant Laxative
 inhibit fluid absorption
 increase water into the feces create Soft stool
 works in 1-3days
Bisacodyl (supp)
Stimulant laxative
 stumulate intestinal motility and increase water and electrolyte into the feces, Semifluid stool.
 works in 15-30min
Cascara
Stimulant laxative
 stumulate intestinal motility and increase water and electrolyte into the feces, Semifluid Stool
 works in 6-12hours
MOM
Osmotic laxatives
 Salts draws water into the intestine cause the fecal mass to sften and swell, which stimulate peristalsis. Semifluid stool
 works in 6-12hour with 30cc of MOM
Glycerin Supp
Osmotic laxative
 softens and lubricate feces. Mild effect.
 works in 30min.
Atenolol
Beta Adrenergic Antagonist
For Angina, HTN, Cardiac Dysrhythmias, MI
SE:Bradycardia,AV heart block, Bronchoconstriction, CNS(depression,insomnia,hallucination)
Metoprolol
Beta Adrenergic Antagonist
For Angina, HTN, Cardiac Dysrhythmias, MI
SE:Bradycardia,AV heart block, Bronchoconstriction, CNS(depression,insomnia,hallucination)
 Safer medication to DM pt than Propranolol
Propranolol
Inderal
Beta Adrenergic Antagonist
For Angina, HTN, Cardiac Dysrhythmias, MI
SE:Bradycardia,AV heart block, Bronchoconstriction, hypoglycemia, CNS(depression,insomnia,hallucination)
 Be careful about giving insulin!!
Clonidine
Antihypertensive
For HTN (not common: pain)
SE:Drowsiness, Xerostomia(dry mouth), Reboud HTN
Hydralazine
Apresoline
Vasodilator
For HTN, Hypertensive Crisis, Heart failure
SE:Reflex Tachycardia
Quinapril
ACE Inhibitor
For HTN, MI, Diabetic/nondiabetic nephropathy
SE:Hypotention, Dry Cough, Hyper K, Renal Failure
Valsartan
Diovan
Angiotensin II Reeptor Blocker
For HTN, HF, Diabetic Nephropathy
Verapamil
Isoptin/Verelan
Ca Channel Blocker (Vasodilator)
For Angina, HTN, Cardiac Dysrhythmias
SE:Constipation, Dizziness, headache, Flushing, edema, gingival hyperplasia, Bradycardia
 MonitorCardiac condition when pt receives Digoxin/Beta Adrenergic Blocker
Diltiazem
Ca Channel Blocker (Vasodilator)
For Angina, HTN, Cardiac Dysrhythmias
SE:Constipation, Dizziness, headache, Flulshing, edema, gingival hyperplasia, Bradycardia
 MonitorCardiac condition when pt receives Digoxin/Beta Adrenergic Blocker
Nifedipine
Adalat
Ca Channel Blocker (Vasodilator)
For Angina, HTN
SE:Dizziness, headache, Flushing, edema, gingival hyper plasia, Reflex tachycardia