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139 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
aden/o
gland, glandular
albin/o
white
alges/i
pain
andr/o
masculine, male
ansi/o
unequal, dissimilar, unlike
anter/o
anterior, front
arthr/o
joint, an articulation
arche/e, arch/i
1. first, chief, extreme
2. primitive, ancestral
3. beginning
axill/o
armpit
centr/i
center
cephal/o
head, toward the head
chori/o
any membrane, especially that which encloses the fetus
chromat/o, chrom/o
color
crytpt/o
hidden
cutane/o
skin
cyan/o
blue
cyst/i, cyst/o
1. bladder
2. cystic duct
3. cyst
ect/o
out, away, from on the outside
echin/o
prickly, spiny
end/o
within, inner, absorbing, containing
ent/o
inner, within
erythr/o
denoting redness, red
gastr/o
stomach, abdomen
ger/o, geront/o
old age
hemangi/o
blood vessel
hem/o, hemat/o, haem/a
blood
hepat/o
liver
heter/o
the other, different
hom/o, home/o
the same, alike
hydr/o
1. water, watery
2. containing or combined with hydrogen
3. a hydatid
hyp/o
deficient, below normal, under, less than
iatr/o
physicians, medicine, treatment
icter/o
icterus
idi/o
private, distinctive, peculiar, one's own
immun/o
immune, immunity, protection, resistant to an infectious disease
intestin/o
intestine
kal/i
potassium
kines/i, kinesi/o
motion
later/o
lateral, to one side
lei/o
smooth
lept/o
light, thin, frail
lev/o
left, toward or on the left side
lymphaden/o
lymph nodes
lymphangi/o
lymphatic vessels
macr/o
large, long
meat/o
passage or channel, especially the external opening of a canal
medi/o
middle, median
melan/o
black
mes/o
1. middle, mean, intermediacy
2. mesentery or mesentery-like structure
mi/o
less, smaller
micr/o
denotes smallness
mon/o
participation or involvement of a single element or part
muc/i, muc/o
mucus, mucin
my/o
muscle
myc/o
fungus
myx/o
mucus
necr/o
death, necrosis
nemat/o
thread, threadlike
norm/o
normal, usual
nyct/o
night, nocturnal
oct/a, octi/i, oct/o
eight
odyn/o
pain
olig/o
1. a few, a little
2. too little, too few
opisth/o
backward, behind, dorsal
organ/o
organ, organic
osm/o
1. osmosis
2. smell, odor
oste/o
bone
ot/o
ear
ox/a, ox/o
oxygen
pant/o
entire
papill/o
1. nipple-like
2. optic disk
pariet/o
1. relating to the wall of any cavity
2. somatic
3. relating to a parietal bone
path/o
disease
ped/i, ped/o
1. child
2. foot, feet
petr/o
stone, stone-like hardness
phaner/o
visible, obvious
pharmac/o
drugs
phor/o
1. carrying, bearing
2. a carrier, a bearer
physi/o
1. physical, physiological
2. natural, relating to physics
pimel/o
fat, fatty
plasm/a, plasm/o, plasmat/o
1. formative, organized
2. plasma
ple/o
more
pless/i
striking, percussion
pon/o
bodily exertion, fatigue, overwork, pain
por/o
1. a pore, a duct, an opening
2. going through, a passing through
3. a callus, an induration
poster/o
posterior, at the back of
presby/o
old age
prot/o, prote/o
1. protein
2. first in a series; highest in rank
prox/i, proxim/o
proximal, nearest, next to
pseud/o
false (often used about a decepetive resemblance)
py/o
suppuration, accumulation of pus
rhin/o
nose
rubr/i, rubr/o
red
schist/o
cleft, division
scler/o
1. hardness (induration)
2. relationship to sclera
sider/o
iron
sinistr/o
left, toward the left
somat/o
body, bodily
sphygm/o
pulse
spir/o
1. coil, coil-shaped
2. breathing
spongi/o
sponge, sponge-like, spongy
squam/o
squama, squamous (L. a scale)
sten/o
narrowness, constriction
stere/o
1. a solid
2. a solid condition or state
steth/o
chest
tel/e, tel/o
distance, end, other end
thec/o
sheath or capsule
ton/o
tone, tension, pressure
ul/e, ul/o
1. scar, scarring
2. gums
3. curly
ventr/o
ventral (L. belly)
viv/i
living, alive
xanth/o
yellow, yellowish
medull/o
soft marrow-like structure, especially in the center of a part
a - febrile

afebrile
without - fever

without fever, denoting apyrexia; having a normal body temperature
andr/o - oid

android
masculine, male - resembling

having a male form or habitus
an - icter/o - ic

anicteric
without - icterus - pertaining to, relating to

not relating to or marked by jaundice
arthr/o - algia

arthralgia
joint, an articulation - pain

pain in a joint, especially one not inflammatory in character
contra - later/o - al

contralateral
opposed, against - to the side - pertaining to, relating to

relating to the opposite side, as when pain is felt or paralysis occurs on the side opposite that of the lesion
dys - esthesia

dysethesia
bad, difficult - perception, feeling

1. impairment of sensation short of anesthesia

2. a condition in which a disagreeable sensation is porduced by oridnary stimuli

3. abnormal sensations experienced in the absense of stimulation
dys- phagia

dysphagia
bad, difficult - eating, devouring

difficulty in swallowing
dys - uria

dysuria
bad, difficult - urine

difficulty or pain in urination
eu - thymia

euthymia
good, well - mind, sould, emotions

1. joyfullness, mental peace and tranquility

2. moderation of mood, not manic or depressed
gastr/o - intestin/o - al

gastrointestinal
stomach, abdomen - intestine - pertaining to, relating to

relating to the stomach and the intestines
geront/o - phobia

gerontophobia
old age - fear

morbid fear of old persons
hem/o - ptysis

hemoptysis
blood - spitting

spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as a result of pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage
hepat/o - splen/o - megaly

hepatosplenomegaly
liver - spleen - enlargement

enlargement of the liver and spleen
hyper - emia

hyperemia
excessive, above normal - blood

the presence of an increased amount of blood flow in a part or organ; congestion
lymph/o - aden/o - pathy

lymphadenopathy
lyphm - gland, glandular - disease

any disease process affecting a lymph node or lymph nodes
my/o - algia

myalgia
muscle - pain

muscular pain
norm/o - cephal/o - ic

normocephalic
normal - head - pertaining to, relating to

having a head of medium length; denoting a skull with a cephalic index between 75 and 80 and with a capacity of 1350 and 1450 ml, or an individual with such a skill
nulli - parous

nulliparous
none - to bear, to bring forth

never having borne a child
organ/o - megaly

organomegaly
organ - large
abnormal englargement of the viscera, such as may be seen in acromegaly and other disorders
oste/o - path - ic

osteopathic
bone - disease - pertaining to, relating to

a disease of bone; relating to osteopathy
ot/o - algia

otalgia
ear - pain

pain in the ear
ot/o - rrhea

otorrhea
ear - discharge, flow

a discharge from the ear
rhin/o - itis

rhinitis
nose - inflammation

inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane
rhin/o - rrhea

rhinorrhea
nose - discharge, flow

a discharge from the nose
supra - clavicul/o - ar

supraclavicular
above - clavicle - pertaining to, relating to

above the clavicle, denoting some cutaneous nerves
supra - pub/o - ic

suprapubic
above - pubic bone - pertaining to, relating to

above the pubic bone