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35 Cards in this Set

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plateau
a flat area of land that is higher than the land around it.
prairie
a region of flat or hilly land covered by tall grass.
river
a long body of water that flows over land.
sea
a body of salt water that is partly enclosed by land.
sound
a long, wide ocean inlet
strait
a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water.
swamp
a low wet area where trees and high shrubs grow.
tundra
a cold, dry, treeless region where only mosses, grasses, and lichens grow.
valley
an area of land between mountains or hills.
volcano
a hole in Earth's crust through which lava, gasses, and ash are released.
waterfall
a stream of water that falls from a high place.
hemisphere
half of Earth
globe
a model of the world.
map
a drawing of the world or part of the world.
symbols
a sign or drawing that stands for something
scale
tells real distance on the map (example: 1 inch= 100 miles)
map key
tells what the map shows. also called a legend.
latitude
an east-west line drawn on a map. (ex. equator)
longitude
a north-south line drawn on maps and globes (ex. prime meridian).
north pole
the point furthest north on earth
south pole
the point furthest south on Earth
equator
an imaginary line that divides the Earth into northern and southern hemispheres (0 degrees latitude)
prime meridian
an imaginary line of longitude from which all others lines of longitude are measured (0 degrees longitude)
tropic of cancer
a line of latitude near the equator in the northern hemisphere (23 1/2 degrees north latitude)
tropic of capricorn
a line of latitude near the equator in the southern hemisphere (23 1/2 degrees south latitude )
arctic circle
a line of latitude near the northpole
Ant arctic Circle
a line of latitude near the South Pole (661/2 degrees South latitude).
National Parks
a park that belongs to all of the people of a country or nation.
Natural Resources
something useful to people and supplied by nature, such as land, water, forests, and minerals.
State
a part of a country. there are 50 in the U.S.A.
Capital
A city where plans for a state or nation are made.
Border
To be next to or touch the edge of. The line between countries,states,and other places.
Monument
Something set up to keep a person or an event from being forgotten. ( Ex. buildings,arch,column,or tomb.)
climate
the kind of weather a place has throughout the year( buffalo has warm summers and cold winters)
chamber of commerce
a group of businesspeople who help their community