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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Vascularity: = perfusion
• Look for blanching
• Color
• Pulses
• Modeling-means really bad circulation. Usually means the time is near--look at the knees. Marbled purple appearance.
• Temperature -warmth
• Turgor/Mobility- hydration
• Edema- 1+ -4+
• pitting- and non-pitting
• Dependent- sacrum/lower leg, added pressure on bottom
• ANASARCA- full bodied, generalized edema. Liver failure, CHF and right-sided heart failure. Lasix
• Color--pink, pale, blue tones= inflammation/ grey for cyanosis
• Sclera- grey/brown is normal in blacks
means really bad circulation. Usually means the time is near--look at the knees. Marbled purple appearance.
full bodied, generalized edema. Liver failure, CHF and right-sided heart failure.

Fix it. Lasix
•Dependent edema-
sacrum/lower leg, added pressure on bottom
(baldness) hair loss
circular shape to skin lesion
elevated cavity containing free fluid larger than 1 cm diameter
skin lesions that run together
thick dried out exudate left on skin when vesicles/pustules burst or dry up
dusky blue color to skin or mucus membranes due to increased amount of unoxygenated hemoglobin
scooped out, shallow depression in skin
intense redness of the skin due toexcess blood in dilated superficial capillaries, as in fever or inflammation
self-inflicted abrasion on skin due to scratching
linear crack in skin extending into dermis
(boil) suppurative inflammatory skin lesion due to infected hair follicle
skin lesion due to benin proliferation of blood vessels in the dermis
target shape of skin lesion
yellow color to skin,palate, and sclera due to excess bilirubin in the blood Liver issues
hypertrophic scar, elevated beyond site of original injury
tightly packed set of papules that thickens skin, from prolonged intense scratching
benign fatty tumor
softening of t issue by soaking
flat skin lesion with only a color change
(mole) circumscribed skin lesion due to excess melanocytes
elevated skin lesion, ? 1 cm diameter
skin lesion in which papules coalesce or come together
red-purple skin lesion due to blood in tissues from breaks in blood vessels
elevated cavit containing thick turbid fluid
compact desiccated flakes of skin from shedding of dead skin cells
skin lesion due to permanently enlarged and dialat blood vessels that are visible
sloughing of necrotic inflammatory tissue causes a deep depression in skin, extending into dermis
elevated cavity containing free fluid up to 1 cm diameter
raised red skin lesion due to interstitial fluid
linear shape of skin lesion along a nerve route think shingles
List the 3 layers associated with the skin
1. Epidermis- elasticin
2. Dermis connective tissue
3. Subcutaneus adipose tissue
Describe 1 + Edema
mild slight indentation
Describe 2+ edema
Pits and stays, moderate- subsides rapidly
Describe 3+ Edema
Pits, stays a short time
Describe 4+ edema
Pits stays, lasts longer > 4-5 sec.s
Distinguish the terms primary vs secondary in reference to the skin lesions
primary-- initial, from normal skin

secondary -- came about from another lesion
The white lenear markings that normally are visible through the nail and on the pink nail bed are termed
leukonychia striada
no blanch cappilaries
large patch of capillary bleeding
bruise you can feel.
Select the best description of the secretion of the eccrine glands
a. thick, milky
b. dilute saline solution
c. protective lipid substance
d. keratin
b. dilute saline solution (sweat)
Nevus is the medical term for
a. a freckle.
b. a birthmark
c. an infected hair follicle
d. a mole
d. a mole
To assess for jaundice, the practitioner will assess the:
a. sclera and ucous membranes
b. nail beds
c. lips
d. all visible skin surfaces
a. sclera and mucous membranes
Checking for skin temperature is best accomplished by using
a. palmar surface of the hands
b. ventral surface of the hands
c. finger tips
d. dorsal surface of the hands
d. dorsal surface of the hands Back of hand
skin turgor is assessed by picking up a large fold of skin on the anterior chest under the clavicle. This part of the exam is done to determine the presence of
a. edema
b. dehydration
c. vitiligo
d. scleroderma
b. dehydration
a lesion has been noted on a client during an examination. Select the description that is most complete
a. raised, irregular lesion the size of a quarter located on the dorsum of the left hand
b. open lesion with no drainage or odor approximately 1/4 inch in diameter
c. pedunculated lesion below left scapula wit hconsistent red color, no drainage or odor
d. dark brown, raied lesion, wit hirregular border, on dorsum of right foot, 3 cm in size with no drainage
d. dark brown, raised lesion with irregular border, ondorsum of right foot, 3 cm in size wit hno drainage.
Nail beds should be examined for clubbinf. The normal angle between the nail base and the nail is
a. 100'
b. 140'
c. 160'
d. 180'
c. 160' degrees
During a routine visit, your client, aged 78, asks about small, flat, brown macules on the hands. Your best response after examining the areas is
a. these are the result of sun exposure and do not require treatment.
b.theses are related to exposure to the sun. We will examine them for any changes
c. these are the skin tags that occur with aging. no treatment is required.
d. i'm glad you brought this to my attention. I will arrange for a biopsy.
a. Theese are the result of sun exposure and do not require treatment.
Tiny, punctate red macules and papules on the cheeks, trunk, chest back and buttocks
Lower half of body turns red, uppper half blanches
transient mottling in trunk and extremities
bluish color around the lips, hands and fingernails and feet and toenails
large round or oval patch of light brown pigmentation, usually present at birth
f, cafe' au lait
yellowing of skin, sclera, and mucous membranes due to increased numbers of red blood cells hemolyzed following birth
b. eythema toxicum??
yellow-orange color in light-skinned persons fsrom large amounts of foods containing carotene
e. carotenemia