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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
ABSOLUTE THRESHOLD
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50% of the time
ACCOMODATION
adapting one's current understanding (schemas) to incorporate new information
ACETYLCHOLINE
a neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also triggers muscle contraction
ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION
a desire for significant accomplishment: the mastery of things, people, or ideas
ACHIEVEMENT TEST
a test designed to assess what a person has learned
ACOUSTIC ENCODING
the encoding of sound, especially the sound of words
ACQUISITION
-initial stage of classical conditioning
-associating a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned response
ACTION POTENTIAL
a neural impulse
a brief electrical charge that travels down the axon
ACTIVE LISTENING
empathetic listening in which the listener echoes, restates and clarifies
Rogers client-centered therapy
ACUITY
the sharpness of vision
ADAPTATION LEVEL PHENOMENON
our tendency to form judgments relative to a neutral level defined by our prior experience (sounds light)
ADDITION
compulsive drug craving and use
ADOLESCENSE
the transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending from puberty to independence
ADRENAL GLANDS
a pair of endocrine glands just above the kidneys
secrete the hormones epinephrine (adrenaline) which help to arouse the body in times of stress
AGGRESSION
any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy