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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
1. While ____ involves the stimulation of sense organs, ____ involves the selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory input.
Sensation, Perception
2. Perception of color is associated with the:
Wavelength
3. If the human eye was not responsive to differences in the wavelength of light, we would not be able to perceive differences in:
Hues (Colors)
4. If the human eye was not responsive to differences in the amplitude of light waves, we would not be able to perceive differences in:
Brightness
5. Light first enters the eye through a transparent structure on the surface of the eye called the:
Cornea
6. The structure of the eye that focuses light rays on the retina is the:
Lens
7. The process in which the lens adjusts its shape depending on the distance between the eye and the object viewed in order to project a clear image onto the retina is:
Accommodation
8. The amount of light entering the eye is regulated by changes in the size of the:
Pupil
9. The correct sequence of eye structures that light passes through en route to the retina is:
Cornea, pupil, lens, retina
10. Gate-control theory is an attempt to explain:
Blocking the perception of pain
11. Which theory of color vision best explains why the color of an afterimage is the complement of the original color?
Opponent Process Theory
12. The door-in-the-face technique involves:
Making a large request that is likely to be turned down as a way to increase the chances that people will agree to a smaller request later
13. In the study by Kenrick and Gutierres (1980), exposing male subjects to a TV show dominated by extremely beautiful women:
Decreased their ratings of the attractiveness of a prospective date
14. In a painting, train tracks may look as if they go off into the distance because the artist draws the tracks as converging lines, a monocular cue to depth known as:
Linear Perspective
15. The gate-control theory suggests that incoming pain sensations may be blocked at the:
Spinal Cord
p. 138
16. Stimulation of sensory receptors of the skin is processed by the:
Somatosensory Cortex
17. Which term perhaps best describes human perception?
Subjective
18. What are the primary qualities of touch?
Pressure, Temp, and Pain?
19. You enter a room and notice a distinctive new smell. After a bit of time you no longer smell the odor. This illustrates the phenomenon of:
Sensory Adaption
20. Prior to the Renaissance, artists were generally unsuccessful in painting realistic scenes because they did not understand:
How to use depth cues
21. The observation that people differ widely in regard to taste preferences and pain tolerance best reflects the unifying theme:
Theoretical diversity, subjective nature of experience, inportace of one's cultural heritage.?
22. Which of the unifying themes in psychology is most consistent with the existence of ambiguous figures and visual illusions?
.
23. The newest discovery in the research on the experience of pain is that certain types of ____ may play in important role in chronic pain.
Glia
24. One's ability to overcome tremendous amounts of pain in certain situations (such as an athlete who plays with a broken foot and does not feel the pain until later) can be partially explained by:
Endorphins/Neural Pathways Pg. 138
25. Pain messages transmitted to the brain through the fast pathway are associated with ____, while messages transmitted through the slow pathway are associated with ____.
Cortex, Limbic System
26. The sequence of age-related changes that occur as a person progresses from conception to death defines:
Development
27. The approximately nine months of prenatal development occurs in three phases in the following sequence:
Germinal, Embyonic, Fetal
28. The germinal stage of prenatal development is:
encompassing the first two weeks after conception. The zygote is created through fertilization
29. The structure that allows both oxygen and nutrients to pass into the fetus from the mother's bloodstream and bodily wastes to pass out to the mother's bloodstream is the:
Placenta
30. Developing structures generally are most vulnerable to damage from environmental factors during the ____ of prenatal development.
Embryonic Stage
31. The age of viability, referring to the age at which the fetus ____, is reached ____.
Pg 337
32. What is associated with maternal smoking during pregnancy?
Miscarriage, still-birth, and prematurity, attention deficits, hyperactivity, and conduct problems
33. If a child is born with a small head, heart defects, irritability, hyperactivity, and retarded mental and motor development, the mother most likely ____ during her pregnancy.
Consumed Alcohol
34. According to the ____ trend, you would expect your newborn niece to be able to raise her head when on her stomach before she can sit.
Cephalocaudal
35. The proximodistal trend suggests children gain control of their:
Torso
36. Maturation is:
Development that reflects the gradual unfolding of one's genetic blueprint
37. Developmental norms indicate:
The typical age at which individuals display various behaviors and abilities
38. Close, emotional bonds of affection that develop between infants and their caregivers defines:
Attachment
39. Who developed a stage theory of moral development?
Lawrence Kohlberg
40. During which stage in Piaget's system is the child first able to handle conservation problems and hierarchical classification problems?
Concrete Operational Period
41. The crisis occurring in the first year, according to Erikson, is one involving
Trust vs. Mistrust
42. According to cognitive theories of gender-role development, self-socialization includes:
Recognize sex, value characteristics of their sex, strive to bring their behavior in line
43. What are the three key processes involved in the development of gender roles?
Operant Conditioning, Observational Learning, Self-Socialization
44. Expectations about what is appropriate behavior for each sex most accurately describes:
Gender Roles
45. Females show a slight advantage over males in ____ skills, while males show a slight advantage over females in ____ skills.
Verbal, Mathematical
46. Piaget asserted that the child's experiences in the world, in combination with maturation, together influence the child's cognitive development. This assertion best reflects the unifying theme in psychology that:
.
47. Elderly individuals are most likely to experience memory problems associated with:
Normal Aging
48. The findings of the Nun study suggest that what factors reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease?
.
49. An abnormal condition marked by multiple cognitive deficits that include memory impairment best defines:
Dementia
50. In women, menopause typically occurs around age:
50