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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
(1879) Wilhelm Wundt, Psychology should be the study of consciousness
Focus: Reaction time, word associations, quality of feelings
(1890-1910) William James, Emotions and behaviors exist to help us survive and adapt {Natural selection}
(1890-1940) Sigmund Freud, Sex and agression are most important motives
(1920-1950) John Watson, B.F. Skinner, Psychology is the study of behavior=not thoughts or feelings
Cognitive Psychology
(1950-1980)George Kelly, Aaron Beck, Albert Ellis, Irrational beliefs will lead to negative emotions
somatic nervous system
carries sensory information to the central nervous system and also sends voluntary messages to the body's skeletal muscles
autonomic nervous system
sends communication between the central nervous system and the internal organs and glands
sympathetic division
sends messages to internal organs and glands that helps us respond to stressful and and emergency situations
parasympathetic division
monitors the routine operations of the internal organs and returns the body to a calm state after arousal by the sympathetic division
central nervous system
serves as the body's command center
(brain and spinal cord)
peripheral nervous system
connects the CNS with the rest of the body through bundles of the nerves
Three types of neurons
motor neurons-send messages away from the brain to the muscles,organs and glands
sensory neurons- carries messages to the brain
Interneurons- relays messages between nerve cells
Three type of cells
receptors- on sensory glands
effectors- on muscles/glands
neurons- three connectors
Three parts of the neuron
dendrite- branched fiber that carries information into the neuron
soma- includes the chromosomes
interneuron- relays messages between nerve cells
Initial charge
neuron is stimulated, wall of neuron is now permeable to sodium
charge during activation
Inside of cell is now temporarily positive; considered depolarized
Wave of depolarization
moves down the wall of the neuron
Acetylcholine (Ach)
(excitatory) movement. learning, sex and agression
(Excitatory) maintaining arousal and attention
(excitatory) promotes sleep, inhibits dreaming
(Excitatory) maintains interest and attention
(inhibitory) reduces emotional arousal and drives
placebo effects
theories of depression
1.) depression is caused by too little or no norepinephrine
2.) too little serotonin
3.) too little norepinephrine, serotonin, and/or dopamine
Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors
Mood stabilizers
lithium, neurontin
Buspar, Ativan, Valium, Xanax
Haldol, Thorazine
anti depressant drug,
help bipolar disorder,
treat anxiety,
antipsychotic drug