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81 Cards in this Set

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Abase
verb: lower; degrade; humiliate. Anna expected to have to curtsy to the King of Siam; when told to cast herself down on the ground before him, however, she refused to abase herself
noun: abasement
Abate
(frequent word)
verb: subside or moderate. Rather than leaving immediately, they waited for the storm to abate.
Abdicate
verb: renounce; give up.
When Edward VIII abdicated the British throne, he surprised the entire world.
Aberrant
(frequent word)
Adjective: abnormal or deviant.
Given the aberrant nature of the data, we came to doubt the validity of the entire experiment.
Aberration
Noun: deviation from the expected or the normal; mental irregularity or disorder.
Survivors of a major catastrophe are likely to exhibit aberrations of behavior because of the trauma they have experienced.
Abet
Verb: assist, usually in doing something wrong; encourage.
She was unwilling to abet him in the swindle he had planned.
Abeyance
(frequent word)
Noun: suspended action
The deal was held in abeyance until her arrival.
Abhor
Verb: detest; hate.
She abhorred all forms of bigotry.
Noun: abhorrance
Bigotry is an abhorrance.
Abject
Adjective: wretched; lacking pride.
On the streets of New York the homeless live in abject poverty, huddling in doorways to find shelter from the wind.
Abjure
Verb: renounce upon oath.
He abjured his allegiance to the king
Noun: abjuration
Ablution
Noun: washing.
His daily ablutions were accomplished by loud noises that he humorously labeled "Opera in the Bath."
Abnegation
Noun: renunciation; self-sacrifice.
Though Rudolph and Duchess Flavioa loved one another, their love was doomed, for she had to wed the king; their at of abnegation was necessary to preserve the kingdom.
Abolish
Verb: cancel; put an end to.
The president of the college refused to abolish the physical education requirement.
Noun: abolition
Abominable
Adjective: detestable; extremely unpleasant; very bad.
Mary liked John until she learned he was also dating Susan; then she called him an abominable young man with abominable taste in women.
Abominate
Verb: loathe; hate.
Moses scolded the idol worshippers in the tribe because he abominated the custom.
Aboriginal
Adjective, Noun: being te first of its kind in a region; primitive; native.
Her studies of the primitive art forms of the aboriginal Indians were widely reported in the scientific journals.
Noun: Aborigine
Abortive
Adjective: unsuccessful; fruitless.
Attacked by armed troops, the Chinese students had to abandon their abortive attempt to democratize Beijing peacefully.
Verb: abort
Abrasive
Adjective: rubbing away; tending to grind down.
Just as abrasive cleaning powders can wear away a shiny finish, abrasive remarks can wear away a listener's patience.
Verb: abrade
Abridge
Verb: condense or shorten.
Because the publishers felt the public wanted a shorter version of War and Peace, they proceeded to abridge the novel.
Abrogate
Verb: abolish.
The king intended to abrogate the decree issued by his predecessor.
Abscission
Noun: cutting off; separation.
When a flower or leaf separates naturally from the parent plant, the process is called abscission.
Abscond
(frequent word)
Verb: depart secretly and hide.
The teller who absconded with the bonds went uncaptured until someone recognized him from his photograph on America's Most Wanted.
Absolute
Adjective: complete; totally unlimited; certain.
Although the King of Siam was an absolute monarch, he did not want to behead his unfaithful wife without absolute evidence of her infidelity.
Absolve
Verb: pardon (an offense)
The father confessor absolved him of his sins.
Noun: absolution
Abstain
Verb: refrain; withhold from participation.
After considering the effect of alcohol on his athletic performance, he decided to abstain from drinking while he trained for the race.
Abstemious
(frequent word)
Adjective: sparing in eating and drinking; temperate.
Concerned whether her vegetarian son's abstemious diet provided him with sufficient protein, the worried mother pressed food on him.
Abstinence
Noun: restraint from eating or drinking.
The doctor recommended total abstinence from salted foods.
Verb: abstain
Abstract
Adjective: theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational.
To him, hunger was an abstract concept; he had never missed a meal.
Abstruse
Adjective: obscure; profound; difficult to understand.
Baffled by the abstruse philosophical texts assigned in class, Dave asked Lexy to explain Kant's Critique of Pure Reason
Abusive
Adjective: coarsely insulting; physically harmful.
An abusive parent damages a child both mentally and physically.
Abut
Verb: border upon; adjoin.
Where our estates abut, we must build a fence.
Abysmal
Adjective: bottomless.
His arrogance is exceeded only by his abysmal ignorance.
Abyss
Noun: enormous chasm; vast, bottomless pit.
Darth Vader seized the evil emperor and hurled him into the abyss.
Academic
Adjective: related to school; not practical or directly useful.
The dean's talk about reforming academic policies was only an academic discussion: we knew little, if anything, would change.
Accede
Verb: agree.
If I accede to this demand for blackmail, I am afraid that I will be the victim of future demands.
Accelerate
Verb: move faster.
In our science class, we learn how falling bodies accelerate.
Accessible
Adjective: easy to approach; obtainable.
We asked our guide whther the ruins were accessible on foot.
Accessory
Noun (also adjective): additional object; useful but not essential thing.
She bought an attractive handbag as an accessory for her dress.
Acclaim
Verb: applaud; announce with great approval.
The sportscasters acclaimed every American victory in the Olympics and decried every American defeat.
Noun: acclamation
Acclimate
Verb: adjust to climate or environment; adapt.
One of the difficulties of our present air age is the need of travelers to acclimate themselves to their new and often strange environments.
Acclivity
Noun: award of merit.
In Hollywood, an "Oscar" is the highest accolade.
Accommodate
Verb: oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt.
Mitch always did everything possible to accommodate his elderly relatives, from driving them to medical appointments to helping them with paperwork. (secondary meaning)
Accomplice
Noun: partner in crime.
Because he had provided the criminal with the lethal weapon, he was arrested as an accomplice to murder.
Accord
Noun: agreement.
She was in complete accord with the verdict.
Accost
Verb: approach and speak first to a person.
When the two young men accosted me, I was frightened because I thought they were going to attack me.
Accoutre
Verb: equip.
The fisherman was accoutred with the best that the sporting goods store could supply.
Noun: accoutrement
Accretion
Noun: growth; increase.
Over the years Bob put on weight; because of this accretion of flesh, he went from size M to size XL.
Verb: accrete
Accrue
Verb: come about by addition.
You must pay the interest that has accrued on your debt as well as the principal sum.
Noun: accrual.
Acerbity
Noun: bitterness of speech and temper.
The meeting of the United Nations Assembly was marked with such acerbity that observers held little hope of reaching any useful settlement of the problem.
Adjective: acerbic
Acetic
Adjective: vinegary.
The salad had an exceedingly acetic flavor.
Acidulous
Adjective: slightly sour; sharp; caustic.
James was unpopular because of his sarcastic and acidulous remarks.
Acknowledge
Verb: recognize; admit.
Although I acknowledge that the Beatles' tunes sound pretty dated nowadays, I still prefer them to the gangsta rap songs my brothers play.
Acme
Noun: peak; pinnacle; highest point.
Welles' success in Citizen Kane marked the acme of his career as an actor; never again did he achieve such popular acclaim.
Acoustics
Noun: science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in.
Carnegie Hall is liked by music lovers because of its fine acoustics.
Acquiesce
Verb: assent; agree passively.
Although she appeared to acquiesce to her employer's suggestions, I could tell she had reservations about the changes he wanted made.
Noun: acquiescence
Adjective: acquiescent
Acquittal
Noun: deliverance from a charge.
His acquittal by the jury surprised those who had thought him guilty.
Verb: acquit
Acrid
Adjective: sharp; bitterly pungent.
The acrid odor of the burnt gunpowder filled the room after the pistol had been fired.
Acrimonious
Adjective: bitter in words or manner.
The candidate attacked his opponent in highly acrimonious terms.
Noun: acrimony
Acrophobia
Noun: fear of heights.
A born salesman, he could convince someone with a bad case of acrophobia to sign up for a life membership in a skydiving club.
Actuarial
Adjective: calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics.
According to recent actuarial tables, life expectancy is greater today than it was a century ago.
Actuate
Verb: motivate
I fail to understand what actuated you to reply to this letter so nastily.
Acuity
Noun: sharpness.
In time his youthful acuity of vision failed him, and he needed glasses.
Acumen
Noun: mental keenness.
Her business acument helped her to succeed where others had failed.
Acute
Adjective: quickly perceive; keen; brief and severe.
The acute young doctor realized immediately that the gradual deterioration of her patient's once-acute hearing was due to a chronic illness, not an accute one.
Adage
Noun: wise-saying; proverb.
There is much truth in the old adage about fools and their money.
Adamant
Adjective: hard; inflexible.
In this movie Bronson played the part of a revenge-driven man, adamant in his determination to punish the criminals who destroyed his family.
Noun: adamancy
Adapt
Verb: alter; modify.
Some species of animals have become extinct because they could not adapt to a changing environment.
Addendum
Noun: addition; appendix to a book.
Jane's editor approved her new comparative literature text but thought it would be even better with an addendum on recent developments in literary criticism.
Addiction
Noun: compulsive, habitual need.
His addiction to drugs caused his friends much grief.
Addle
Verb: muddle; drive crazy; become rotten.
This idiotic plain is confusing enough to addle anyone.
Adjective: addled
Address
Verb: direct a speech to; deal with or discuss.
Due to address the convention in July, Brown planned to address the issue of low-income housing in his speech.
Adept
Adjective (and Noun): expert at.
She was adept at the fine art of irritating people.
Adhere
Verb: stick fast.
I will adhere to this opinion until proof that I am wrong is presented.
Noun: adhesion, adherence
Adherent
Noun: supporter; follower.
In the wake of the scandal, the senator's one-time adherents quietly deserted him.
Adjacent
Adjective: adjoining; neighboring; close by.
Phillip's best friend Jason lived only four houses down the block, near but not immediately adjacent.
Adjunct
Noun (and adjective): something (generally nonessential or inferior)added on or attached.
Although I don't absolutely need a second computer, I plan to buy a laptop to serve as an adjunct to my desktop model.
Adjuration
Noun: solemn urging.
Her adjuration to tell the truth did not change the witnesses' testimony.
Verb: adjure
Adjutant
Noun: staff officer assisting the commander; assistant.
Though Wellington delegated many tasks to his chief adjutant, Lord Fitzroy Somerset, Somerset was in no doubt as to who made all major decisions.
Admonish
(frequent word)
Verb: warn; reprove.
He admonished his listeners to change their wicked ways.
Noun: admonition
Adorn
Verb: decorate.
Wall paintings and carved statues adorned the temple.
Noun: adornment
Adroit
Adjective: skillful.
Her adroit handling of the delicate situation pleased her employers.