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21 Cards in this Set

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Neolithic Revolution
began in middle east, eventually reached Americas. It was the first agricultural revolution. transition from hunter-gatehrer era. around 1500 BC in the middle east. more surplus production, begining of more civilized society.
Uruk
named after sumerian city. economically specialized. very socially stratified. emergence of urban life. began cunneiform script. 4100-3100 BC
Phoneicians
martitime trading culture. sailed to britian frm east med. 1550 to 330 BC. had phonestic alphabet. from modern lebanon
Cyrus the Great
left legacy on jewish religion. found the persian empire under the achaemind dynasty. expnaded city, became biggest. 600 bc
Narmer Pallete
after king Narmer. Was a pallete that showed early signs of heiroglihics. thught to depict lower and upper egypt. showed earliest example of egyptian kings. 3100 BC
Harrapn society
agg community. knew little about writing. may be first to master cultivation of crops. made trading networks
Legalism
gov more important then personal life. people were inclined to do evil. very strcit laws. people must be coerced along right path with fear of punishment. no natural order.
confucanism
? It focuses on human morality and right action. Confucianism is a complex system of moral, social, political, philosophical, and quasi-religious thought that has had tremendous influence on the culture and history of East Asia. It might be considered a state religion of some East Asian countries, because of governmental promotion of Confucian values. individual must put needs of others over their own.
aryans
they took over central asia and placed themselves high on social heirarchy
varna
"light in color." part of Hindu caste system. based on social class.
Hammurabi
6th king of babylon (first of babylon empire). recievs law from sun god samash. extended babylons control over meso. known for code written on 6 ft tall stone
tutankamun
covers head of mummy. egyptian pahrroh of the 18th dynasty. was of divine nature and meaning.
hebrews
ancestors of isrelaites. wrote the old testament. only believe in one god (judaism). their descendents are the jewish people
zorostrians
the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster, after whom the religion is named. thought to have formed western and eastern trade traditons.
pyramids of giza.
only one left of 7 wonders. over 3 million limestone blocks in khufu. It is believed the pyramid was built as a tomb for Fourth dynasty Egyptian King Khufu (Cheops in Greek) and constructed over a 20 year period concluding around
Hinduism
These scriptures discuss theology, philosophy and mythology, and provide information on the practice of dharma (religious living).. gods represent forces of nature.
Assyrians
practiced terror tactics to intimidate enemies. it was the political state in meso. developed concept of combined arms of defesne.
daoism
Centered on following the way. The best government is less government. Almost exact opposite of confuciansm. Inaction rather then action. Indigineous religion of china. It is a philosophy. Includes arts for promting your energy. Influenced Buddhism and the Chinese social fabric. 6th century BC. includes rituals for achieving heavenly access.
qin sin hanguadi
1st emperor of unified China. undertok buliding of the great wall. passed a series of major economical and political reforms. Forced everyone to move to xianyang. First standing army. His tomb was surrounded by fake warriors. Believed strongly in afterlife.began builiding his tomb as he began rule
cunneiform
one of the earliest known forms or writing. Uruk period. 30th century BC.
battle of Kadesh
one of the first knwon chariot battles ever faught. Egyptians and Hittite empires. 60,000 soilders. Started my ramssess the 2nd. When Syria traded timber or copper and tin. 1274 BC. battle was a draw.