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100 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Adopted
To take as one's own.
Allies
During World War I and II, the side that included Great Britain, France, Russia, (which was the Soviet Union by World War II), and the United States
American Revolution
The revolt of the American colonists against their ruler, King George III of England.
Appalled
Dismayed, concerned.
Authorized
To give official approval or power.
Black Death
Another name for bubonic plague.
Campaign
A series of military operations.
Cheyenne
A nomadic tribe of Plains Indians.
Collective Behavior
Group behavior outside of normal behavior.
Commander-In-Chief
The supreme commander of all the armed forces of a nation; in the U.S., it is the president.
Communist
A person who belives that all property, business, and goods are owned by the state.
Confederacy
The alliance of Southern states during the American Civil War (1861-1865).
Confidence
Trust
Confronted
Faced with, presented.
Context
The sentence or paragraph in which a word or group of words occurs.
Continental Army
The american colonists who revolted against England's King George III in the American Revolution.
Controversial
Something or someone whose ideas, worth, practices can be disputed or debated.
Corrupt
Immoral, perverted, ruin.
Culture
Behaviorial characteristics among a group of people.
D-Day
June 6, 1944, the day of the Allied invasion of Normandy, France.
Debate
Deliberation, discussion of opposing views.
Decipher
To interpret, to determine.
Disallow
To not allow or to refuse to allow.
Discretionary income
Household money not earmarked for regular expenses such as rent, utilities, etc.
Dominated
Controlled, outnumbered.
Educational attainment
The highest grade level a person has achieved.
Electoral college
Group of electors representing their states who choose the President and Vice President. The number of electors from the state equals the number of Senators and Representatives the state sends to the U.S. Congress.
Encompassed
Included, contained.
Engaged
Became involved in.
Essential
Basic, necessary.
Excrement
Bodily waste, fecal matter.
Executive Branch
The branch of government that carries out laws.
Fervent
Very devoted or passionate.
Function
How a group operates or carries out its activities.
Great Depression
A period of greatly reduced business activity in the 1930s that resulted in widespread unemployment, falling wages, and falling prices.
Gross National Product (GNP)
The total value of goods and services produced in a year by a nation.
Hiroshima
The Japanese city where the first atomic bomb was dropped by the United States during World War II, August 6, 1945.
House of Representatives
One of two sections of the United States Congress. The number of Representatives each state has is based upon its population.
Inception
The start or beginning of something.
Increments
Increases in number or size.
Inherent
Existing as an essential part.
Institution
An established custom or practice.
Interference
To come between or to meddle.
Invaded
Entered by force, took over.
Judicial
Of, or about, judges.
Judicial Branch
The branch of government that decides what laws mean.
Justified
Warranted, correct, right.
Korean War
The 1950-1953 war between North Korea, a communist country backed by the Soviet Union, and South Korea, a capitalist country backed by the United States.
Legislative Branch
The branch of government that makes laws.
Liberate
To free from.
Majority
The greater number or part of something.
Mandate
To order or command.
Manifesto
A public declaration of principles or intentions.
Mass Hysteria
Uncontrollable fear or anxiety among a group of people.
Nagasaki
The Japanese city that was the site of the second atomic bomb dropped by the United States during World War II, August 9, 1945.
Nomadic
Having no fixed abode or home.
Nominate
To name someone to a position.
Normandy Invasion
When allied troops landed on the beaches of Normandy, France on June 6, 1944, beginning the final Allied campaign in Europe during World War II.
Offended
Created Anger.
Okinawa
The largest of Japan's Ryukyu Islands. It was the site of a famous battle during World War II.
Operation Overlord
The code name for the Normandy invasion, which occurred on June 6, 1944.
Origins
The beginnings of, how something came to be.
Osmosis
Learning or absorbing by utilizing the surroundings.
Overturn
To turn over or to conquer.
Panic
A sudden overpowering terror.
Pawnee
A sedentary tribe of Plains Indians.
Pearl Harbor
Located on Oahu Island, Hawaii, it was the scene of a surprise attack on American ships, planes, and servicemen by the Japanese. This led to the United States' entrance into World War II.
Plains Indians
Native Americans who lived between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains and from Southern Canada to Texas.
Pledged
Promised
Plessy VS Ferguson
A case decided by the Supreme Court in 1896 that said the state of Louisiana had the right to segregate blacks and whites in railway carriages.
Previewing
Looking over an article to see what it is about.
Progressive
Tax system that takes a greater percentage from those who have higher incomes.
Projections
Anticipated numbers or results.
Proletariat
A member of the industrial working class.
Proportional
Tax system that takes the same percentage of every person's income, whether they are rich or poor.
Regressive
Tax system in which everyone pays the same, such as a sales tax.
Republican party
One of the two major political parties in the United States.
Resurgence
Rising, or being utilized again.
Scientific Perspective
Acquiring knowledge from experience and observation.
Sedentary
Sitting or staying in one place.
Segregate
To separate or isolate.
Senate
One of two sections of the United States Congress. Each state has two senators.
Sentiment
Feeling.
Sophisticated
Complicated.
Spontaneously
Happening all of a sudden, without premeditation or cause.
Status Quo
The existing state of affairs.
Structure
Organization, arrangement.
Subsequent
Folowing, coming after.
Supporting Sentences
Sentences that help you understand the topic sentence.
Supreme Court
The highest ranking court in the United States.
Surrender
To give up or abandon.
Taxation
A system allowing government to take money from its citizens to fund the government.
Territory
An area or region.
Topic Sentence
The sentence containing the main idea of a passage.
Treaties
Formal agreements.
Union
The alliance of Northern states during the American Civil War, 1861-1865.
Urban Sanitation
Method of disposing of sewage and garbage in cities and towns.
Urbanization
Changing from rural life to city life.
Veto
To reject.
World War 2
The 1939-1945 war between the allied powers (Greatbritain France United States Soviet Union) and the Axis Powers (Germany Italy Japan).