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14 Cards in this Set

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Color
The thickness of the ink, contamination due to dirty rollers.
Dot Gain
Shows when halftone shadows fill in or if the print looks too dark.
Ghosting
Is the word for faint areas, usually in solid blocks of color, caused by some parts of the image taking more than their
fair share of ink, leaving other area deficient.
Mottling
Is an uneven, blotchy application of ink, caused by a mismatch between ink and paper stock, or too much damping water
on the blanket.
Picking
A problem generally resulting from using an ink that’s too tacky for the paper it’s printed on. The ink actually pulls tiny
pieces of the paper off the surface of the sheet.
Set Off
Or offset, occurs when the wet image on a sheet of paper prints on to the paper above or below it in the pile, or later rubs
off in a bound book.
Slurring
Is when a halftone start to fill in, and is caused by too much ink, or slippage from smooth paper.
Spreading
Is an enlarging of the image caused by too much ink, or too much pressure between blanket and plate.
Piling
Is caused by a build-up of ink on the press rollers, or by particles from uncoated stock which adhere to the blanket and
break up the image on the following sheets.
Post Press Finishing Operation
1. Die-Cutting
2. Scoring
3. Embossing
4. Stamping
5. Laminating
6. Tipping
7. Laser Die-cutting
Post Press Bindery Operations
1. Trimming: Head, Face, Foot (Tail)
2. Collating (Gathering)
3. Folding
4. Stitching
5. Pasting
6. Inserting
7. Cutting
8. Punching
Saddle Stitch Applications
Booklets, brochures, newsletters, pamphlets, direct mailers, magazines.
Saddle Stitch Pros
Fast, inexpensive [least expensive of all binding options].
Widely and readily available, Lays relatively flat.
Accommodates special inserts Gatefolds and foldouts are possible. Can use a self or separate cover.
Saddle Stitch Cons
THEPROCESS
11
1 Signaturesarefoldedwithabindfold[afold in the paper,which allows a mechanical
or suction device tofindthecenter]. Signatures are opened with suction cups or mechanical grippers.
Longevity. Not recommended for pieces intended for heavy use.
Lacks printable spine.
Not possible to bind in a single leaf of paper.
Thickness limitations. Documents thicker than 1/8 - 1⁄ 4 inch may re-
quire another binding technique.
May require special design adjustments for creep