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475 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a, ab + ablative
from, away from, by
absum, abesse, afui
am absent, am away, am distant from
ac, atque
and
accido, accidere, accidi
happen
accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptus
accept, take in, receive
ad + accusative
to, towards, at
adeo
so much, so greatly
adsum, adesse, adfui
be here, be present
advenio, advenire, adveni
arrive
aedifico, aedificare, aedificavi, aedificatus
build
ager, agri, m
field
ago, agere, egi, actus
do, act, drive
alii … alii
some … others
alius, alia, aliud
other, another, else
alter, altera, alterum
the other, another, the second of two
altus, alta, altum
high, deep
ambulo, ambulare, ambulavi
walk
amicus, amici, m
friend
amo, amare, amavi, amatus
love, like
amor, amoris, m
love
ancilla, ancillae, f
slave-girl, slave-woman
animus, animi, m
spirit, soul, mind
annus, anni, m
year
ante + accusative
before, in front of
antea
before
appareo, apparere, apparui
appear
appropinquo, appropinquare, appropinquavi + dative
approach, come near to
apud + accusative
among, with, at the house of
aqua aquae, f
water
arma, armorum, n plural
arms, weapons
ars, artis, f
art, skill
ascendo, ascendere, ascendi, ascensus
climb
audax, audacis
bold, daring
audeo, audere, ausus sum
dare
audio, audire, audivi, auditus
hear, listen to
aufero, auferre, abstuli, ablatus
take away, carry off, steal
autem
but, however
auxilium, auxilii, n
help
bellum, belli, n
war
bellum gero, gerere, gessi, gestus
wage war
bene
well
benignus, benigna, benignum
kind
bibo, bibere, bibi
drink
bonus, bona, bonum
good
brevis, breve
short, brief
cado, cadere, cecidi, casus
fall
caelum, caeli, n
sky, heaven
canis, canis, m and f
dog
capio, capere, cepi, captus
take, catch, capture
captivus, captivi, m
captive, prisoner
caput, capitis, n
head
castra, castrorum, n plural
camp
celer, celeris, celere
quick, fast
celo, celare, celavi, celatus
hide
cena, cenae, f
dinner, meal
ceteri, ceterae, cetera
the rest, the others
cibus, cibi, m
food
circum + accusative
around
civis civis, m and f
citizen
clamo, clamare, clamavi, clamatus
shout
clamor, clamoris, m
shout, shouting, noise
clarus, clara, clarum
famous, clear
coepi, coepisse
begin
cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatus
think, consider
cognosco,cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus
get to know, find out
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus
force, compel
comes, comitis, m and f
comrade, companion
conficio, conficere, confeci, confectus
finish, wear out
conor, conari, conatus sum
try
consilium, consilii, n
plan, idea, advice
conspicio, conspicere, conspexi, conspectus
catch sight of, notice
constituo, constituere, constitui, constitutus
decide
consul, consulis, m
consul
consumo, consumere, consumpsi, consumptus
eat
contra + accusative
against
convenio, convenire, conveni
come together, gather, meet
copiae, copiarum, f plural
forces, troops
corpus, corporis, n
body
cras
tomorrow
credo , credere, credidi, creditus + dative
believe, trust
crudelis, crudele
cruel
cum + ablative
with
cum
when, since
cupio, cupere, cupivi, cupitus
want, desire
cur?
why?
cura, curae, f
care, worry
curro, currere, cucurri, cursus
run
custodio, custodire, custodivi, custoditus
guard
custos, custodis, m and f
guard
de + ablative
from, down from, about
dea, deae, f
goddess
debeo, debere, debui, debitus
owe, ought, should, must
defendo, defendere, defendi, defensus
defend
deinde
then
deleo, delere, delevi, deletus
destroy
descendo, descendere, descendi, descensus
go down, come down
deus, dei, m
god
dico, dicere, dixi, dictus
say
dies, diei, m
day
difficilis, difficile
difficult
diligens, diligentis
careful
dirus, dira, dirum
dreadful
discedo, discedere, discessi
depart, leave
diu
for a long time
do, dare, dedi, datus
give
doceo, docere, docui, doctus
teach
domina, dominae, f
mistress
dominus, domini, m
master
domus, domus, f (domi = at home)
home
donum, doni, n
gift, present
dormio, dormire, dormivi
sleep
duco, ducere, duxi, ductus
lead, take
dum
while, until
dux, ducis, m
leader
e, ex + ablative
from, out of, out
ecce!
look!
effugio, effugere, effugi
escape
ego, mei
I, me
egredior, egredi, egressus sum
go out
emo, emere, emi, emptus
buy
enim
for
eo, ire, i(v)i
go
epistula, epistulae, f
letter
equus, equi, m
horse
et
and
et ... et
both ... and
etiam
also, even
exercitus, exercitus, m
army
exspecto, exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus
wait for
facilis, facile
easy
facio, facere, feci, factus
make, do
faveo, favere, favi, fautus + dative
favour, support
felix, felicis
fortunate, happy
femina, feminae, f
woman
fero, ferre, tuli, latus
bring, carry, bear
ferox, ferocis
fierce, ferocious
festino, festinare, festinavi
hurry
fidelis, fidele
faithful, loyal
filia, filiae, f
daughter
filius, filii, m
son
flumen, fluminis, n
river
forte
by chance
fortis, forte
brave
forum, fori, n
forum, market place
frater, fratris, m
brother
frustra
in vain
fugio, fugere, fugi
run away, flee
gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum
be pleased, rejoice
gaudium, gaudii, n
joy, pleasure
gens, gentis, f
family, tribe, race, people
gladius, gladii, m
sword
gravis, grave
heavy, serious
habeo, habere, habui, habitus
have
habito, habitare, habitavi, habitatus
live
heri
yesterday
hic, haec, hoc
this, he, she, it
hic
here
hodie
today
homo, hominis, m
man, human being
hora, horae, f
hour
hortor, hortari, hortatus sum
encourage, urge
hortus, horti, m
garden
hostis, hostis, m
enemy
iaceo, iacere, iacui
lie
iacio, iacere, ieci, iactus (in compounds -icio)
throw
iam
now, already
ianua, ianuae, f
door
ibi
there
idem, eadem, idem
the same
igitur
therefore, and so
ille, ilIa, illud
that, he, she, it
imperator, imperatoris, m
emperor, general, leader
imperium, imperii, n
empire, power, command
impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatus + dative
order, command, power
in + ablative
in, on
in + accusative
into, onto
incendo, incendere, incendi, incensus
burn, set on fire
infelix, infelicis
unlucky, unhappy
ingens, ingentis
huge
ingredior, ingredi, ingressus sum
enter
inimicus, inimici, m
enemy
inquit
he/she says, he/she said
insula, insulae, f
island, block of flats
intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectus
understand, realise
inter + accusative
among, between
interea
meanwhile
interficio interficere, interfeci, interfectus
kill
intro, intrare, intravi, intratus
enter
invenio, invenire, inveni, inventus
find
invito, invitare, invitavi, invitatus
invite
ipse, ipsa, ipsum
himself, herself, itself, themselves
ira, irae, f
anger
iratus, irata, iratum
angry
is, ea, id
this, that, he, she, it, them
ita
in this way, to such an extent, so
itaque
and so, therefore
iter, itineris, n
journey
iterum
again
iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussus
order
iuvenis, iuvenis, m
young man
labor, laboris, m
work
laboro, laborare, laboravi
work
lacrimo, lacrimare, lacrimavi
weep, cry
laetus, laeta, laetum
happy
laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatus
praise
legio, legionis, f
legion
lego, legere, legi, lectus
read, choose
lentus, lenta, lentum
slow
leo, leonis, m
lion
libenter
willingly, gladly
liber, libri, m
book
liberi, liberorum, m plural
children
libero, liberare, liberavi, liberatus
set free
libertus, liberti, m
freedman, ex-slave
locus, loci, m
place
longus, longa, longum
long
loquor, loqui, locutus sum
speak
lux, lucis, f
light, daylight
magis
more
magnopere
greatly
magnus, magna, magnum
big, large, great
malo, malle, malui
prefer
malus, mala, malum
evil, bad
maneo, manere, mansi
remain, stay
manus, manus, f
hand, group of people
mare, maris, n
sea
maritus, mariti, m
husband
mater, matris, f
mother
maxime
very greatly
medius, media, medium
middle
mercator, mercatoris, m
merchant
meus, mea, meum
my
miles, militis, m
soldier
minime
very little, least, no
miror, mirari, miratus sum
wonder at, admire
miser, misera, miserum
miserable, wretched, sad
mitto, mittere, misi, missus
send
modus, modi, m
manner, way, kind
moneo, monere, monui, monitus
warn, advise
mons, montis, m
mountain
morior, mori, mortuus sum
die
mors, mortis, f
death
moveo, movere, movi, motus
move
mox
soon
multo
much
multus, multa, multum
much, many
murus, muri, m
wall
nam
for
narro, narrare, narravi, narratus
tell, relate
nauta, nautae, m
sailor
navigo, navigare, navigavi
sail
navis, navis, f
ship
ne + subjunctive
that ... not, so that ... not, that, lest
-ne
(introduces question)
nec, neque
and not, nor, neither
neco, necare, necavi, necatus
kill
nemo, neminis
no one, nobody
nescio, nescire, nescivi
not know
nihil
nothing
nisi
unless, except
nolo, nolle, nolui
not want, refuse
nomen, nominis, n
name
non
not
nonne …?
surely ... ?
nonnulli, nonnullae, nonnulla
some, several
nos, nostrum
we, us
noster, nostra, nostrum
our
novus, nova, novum
new
nox, noctis, f
night
nullus, nulla, nullum
not any, no
num
whether
num ... ?
surely … not?
numquam
never
nunc
now
nuntio, nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatus
announce
nuntius, nuntii, m
messenger, message, news
occido, occidere, occidi, occisus
kill
offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatus
offer
olim
once, some time ago
omnis, omne
all, every
opprimo, opprimere, oppressi, oppressus
crush, overwhelm
oppugno, oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatus
attack
oro, orare, oravi, oratus
beg
ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentus
show
paene
almost, nearly
paro, parare, paravi, paratus
prepare
pars, partis, f
part
parvus, parva, parvum
small
pater, patris, m
father
patior, pati, passus sum
suffer, endure
patria, patriae, f
country, homeland
pauci, paucae, pauca
few, a few
pax, pacis, f
peace
pecunia, pecuniae, f
money
pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsus
drive
per + accusative
through, along
pereo, perire, perii
die, perish
periculum, periculi, n
danger
persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi + dative
persuade
perterritus, perterrita, perterritum
terrified
pervenio, pervenire, perveni, perventus
reach, arrive at
pes, pedis, m
foot
peto, petere, petivi, petitus
make for, seek, beg/ask for
plenus, plena, plenum
full
poena, poenae, f
punishment
poenas do
pay the penalty, am punished
pono, ponere, posui, positus
put, place, put up
porta, portae, f
gate
porto, portare, portavi, portatus
carry
portus, portus, m
harbour, port
possum, posse, potui
can, be able
post + accusative
after, behind
postea
afterwards
postquam
after, when
postridie
on the next day
praemium, praemii, n
prize, reward, profit
precor, precari, precatus sum
pray (to), beg
primo
at first
primus, prima, primum
first
princeps, principis, m
chief, emperor
pro + ablative
in front of, for, in return for
procedo, procedere, processi
advance, proceed
proelium, proelii, n
battle
proficiscor, proficisci, profectus sum
set out
progredior, progredi, progressus sum
advance
promitto, promittere, promisi, promissus
promise
prope + accusative
near
propter + accusative
on account of, because of
proximus proxima, proximum
nearest, next to
puella, puellae, f
girl
puer, pueri, m
boy
pugno, pugnare, pugnavi
fight
pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum
beautiful, handsome
punio, punire, punivi, punitus
punish
puto, putare, putavi, putatus
think
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus
search for, look for, ask
qualis? Quale
what sort of?
quam + superlative adverb
as … as possible
quam
than
quam? quam!
how … ? how … !
quamquam
although
quando?
when?
quantus? quanta? quantum?
how big? how much?
-que
and
qui quae, quod
who, which
quidam quaedam, quoddam
one, a certain, some
quis? quid?
who? what?
quo?
to where?
quod
because
quomodo?
how?
quoque
also, too
quot?
how many?
rapio, rapere, rapui, raptus
seize, grab
re- (prefix used with verbs)
- back
reddo, reddere, reddidi, redditus
give back, restore
redeo, redire, redii
go back, come back, return
refero, referre, rettuli, relatus
bring/carry back, report, tell
regina, reginae, f
queen
regnum, regni, n
kingdom
rego, regere, rexi, rectus
rule
regredior, regredi, regressus sum
go back, return
relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictus
leave, leave behind
res rei, f
thing, matter, event
resisto, resistere, restiti + dative
resist
respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsus
reply
rex, regis, m
king
rideo, ridere, risi
laugh, smile
rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatus
ask, ask for
Roma Romae, f (Romae: at/in Rome)
Rome
Romanus Romana, Romanum
Roman
rumpo, rumpere, rupi, ruptus
break, burst
sacer sacra, sacrum
sacred
saepe
often
saevus saeva, saevum
savage, cruel
saluto, salutare, salutavi, salutatus
greet
salve! salvete! (plural)
hello!
sanguis sanguinis, m
blood
sapiens sapientis
wise
satis
enough
scelestus scelesta, scelestum
wicked
scelus sceleris, n
crime
scio, scire, scivi, scitus
know
scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptus
write
se sui
himself, herself, itself, themselves
sed
but
sedeo, sedere, sedi
sit
semper
always
senator, senatoris, m
senator
senex, senis, m
old man
sentio, sentire, sensi, sensus
feel, notice
sequor, sequi, secutus sum
follow
servo, servare, servavi, servatus
save, protect, keep
servus, servi, m
slave
si
if
sic
thus, in this way
signum signi
sign, signal, standard
silva silvae f
wood
simul
at the same time
simulac, simulatque
as soon as
sine + ablative
without
soleo, solere, solitus sum
be accustomed
solus, sola, solum
alone, lonely, only, on one's own
specto, spectare, spectavi, spectatus
look at, watch
spero, sperare, speravi, speratus
hope, expect
spes spei, f
hope
statim
at once, immediately
sto, stare, steti
stand
stultus stulta, stultum
stupid, foolish
sub + accusative/ablative
under, beneath
subito
suddenly
sum, esse, fui
be
summus summa, summum
highest, greatest, top (of)
supero, superare, superavi, superatus
overcome, overpower
surgo, surgere, surrexi
get up, stand up, rise
suus sua, suum
his, her, its, their (own)
taberna tabernae, f
shop, inn
taceo tacere, tacui, tacitus
be silent, be quiet
talis tale
such
tam
so
tamen
however
tandem
at last, finally
tantus tanta, tantum
so great, such a great
tempestas tempestatis, f
storm
templum templi, n
temple
tempus temporis, n
time
teneo, tenere, tenui, tentus
hold
terra terrae, f
ground, land, country
terreo, terrere, terrui, territus
frighten
timeo, timere, timui
fear, be afraid
tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatus
raise, lift up, hold up
tot
so many
totus tota, totum
whole
trado, tradere, tradidi, traditus
hand over
traho, trahere, traxi, tractus
drag
trans + accusative
across
tristis triste
sad
tu tui
you (singular)
tum
then
turba turbae, f
crowd
tuus tua, tuum
your (singular), yours
ubi
where? where, when
umquam
ever
unde
from where
urbs urbis, f
city, town
ut + subjunctive
that, so that, in order that
ut + indicative
as, when
uxor uxoris, f
wife
vale! valete! (plural)
goodbye, farewell!
validus valida, validum
strong
vehementer
violently, loudly
vendo, vendere, vendidi, venditus
sell
venio, venire, veni
come
verbum verbi, n
word
verto, vertere, verti, versus
turn
verus vera, verum
true, real
vester vestra, vestrum
your (plural), yours
via viae, f
street, road, way
victoria victoriae, f
victory
video, videre, vidi, visus
see
videor, videri, visus sum
seem, appear
villa villae, f
house, country villa
vinco, vincere, vici, victus
conquer, win, be victorious
vinum vini, n
wine
vir viri, m
man
virtus virtutis, f
courage, virtue
vita vitae, f
life
vivo, vivere, vixi
live, be alive
vivus viva, vivum
alive, living
voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatus
call
volo, velle, volui
want
vos vestrum
you (plural)
vox vocis, f
voice, shout
vulnero, vulnerare, vulneravi, vulneratus
wound, injure
vulnus vulneris, n
wound
vultus vultus, m
expression, face