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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Symptoms of speech anxiety
quivering tense voice
frequent dysfluencies
rigid, motionless
flailing arms, tapping fingers
cotton mouth
examples of dysfunctional speech anxiety
self-defeating thoughts
anxiety-provoking situations
strategies for managing speech anxiety
prepare and practice, gain a proper perspective, adopt a noncompetitive communication orientation, use coping statements, use positive imaging, systematic desensitization
Ways to explore potential topics.
do a personal inventory, brainstorm, scan magazines and newspapers
general purpose
an infinitive phrase that identifies the overall goal of your speech
central idea
identifies the main concept, point, issue, or conclusion that you want the audience to understand, believe, feel, or reach.
specific purpose statement
a concise, precise declaration composed of simple, clear language that encompasses both the general purpose and the central idea and indicates what the speaker hopes to accomplish with the speech.
types of audiences
captive audience, committed audience, concerned audience, casual audience
characteristics of an audience such as age, gender, culture and ethnicity, and group affiliations.
types of organization
topical pattern, chronological pattern, spatial pattern, causal pattern, problem-solution pattern, problem-cause-solution pattern
focused awareness on a stimulus at a given moment.
attention strategies
novel appeal, startling appeal, the vital appeal, humorous appeal, intensity
requirements for competent introductions
1.gain attention
2.make a clear purpose statement
3.establish topic significance for the audience
4.preview the main points
requirements for competent conclusions
1.summarize the main points
2.refer to the introduction
3.make a memorable finish
I. Main point
A. primary subpoints
1. secondary subpoints
a. tertiary subpoint