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34 Cards in this Set

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Ingestion
the intake of food
digestion
the breakdown of food
absorbtion
the process of extracting nutrients
elimination
the excretion of any waste products
alimentary canal aka gastrointestinal
refers to the tubelike nature of the digestive system, starting at the mouth and continuing in varying diameters to the anus
mastication
process of chewing
deglutition
swallowing
peristalsis
wavelike movement that propels food through the alimentary canal
phag/o
to eat or to swallow
dysphagia
difficulty with deglutition (swallowing)
hyperalimentation
refers to the process of taking in more nutrients than the body optimally needs
intestin/o
intestines
aliment/o
nutrition
gastr/o
stomach
dys-
difficult
hyper-
excessive
peri-
surrounding
-stalsis
contraction
oral cavit
the mouth
lips
the two fleshy structures surrounding the opening
uvula
the tag of flesh that hangs down from the medial surface of the soft palate
saliva
substance that moistens the oral cavity, initiates disgestion of starches, and aids in chewing and swallowing.
parotid
gland near the ear
submandibular
under the lower jaw
sublingual
under the tongue
pharynx
tube that connects the oral cavity with the esophagus
the three parts of the pharynx
nasopharynx,oropharynx,hypopharynx
nasopharynx
the most superior part of the pharynx, located behind the nasal cavity
oropharynx
the part of the throat directly adjacent to the oral cavity
hypopharynx
the part of the throat directly below the oropharynx
bucco/o
cheek
ot/o
ear
esophag/o
esophagus
gums
gingiv