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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Receptors involved in motion sickness?
H1 and muscarinic
Type of useful drugs for motion sickness?
H1 antihistaminics with antimuscarinic action
Name four drugs to treat motion sickness.
Diphenhydramine
Cyclizine
Promethazine
Scopolamine (antimuscarinic only)
Please Slow Down
Cycling
Name type of receptor involved in gastro-intestinal infection, irritation, drugs.
5-HT3 receptors
Name 3 useful drugs to treat gastro-intestinal infection/irritation.
Graniseton
Ondansetron
Dolasetron
G
O
D
What type of receptors are affected in blood-borne chemical triggers?
5-HT3
D2
M1
Name two drugs that are antagonists of 5-HT3 and D2? (blood-borne chemical triggers)
Metoclopromide
Trimethobenzamide
Name three drugs that are D2 receptor antagonists. (blood-borne chemical triggers)
Chlorpromazine
Prochlorperazine
Promethazine
PCP
Name a corticosteroid used as an anti-emitic/anti-nausea drug?
Dexamethasone
What type of drug commonly causes constipation?
Anticholinergic drugs
What does chronic use of laxatives cause?
rebound constipation
What is lacking in the diet of a patient with constipation?
fiber
Name 4 fibrous foods that can be added to a diet of a patient with constipation.
whole grains
beans
vegetables
green salads
Name 3 fiber supplements.
agar
psyllium seed
methylcellulose
Name a common stool softener.
Dioctyl sodium sulfoccinate (detergent)
Name a common stimulant laxative.
Castor oil
What is the function of castor oil?
Strongly increases small and large intestine motility.
Name 3 plant products that function as stimulant laxatives.
Cascara
senna
aloes
Name a drug that functions as a stimulant laxative.
Bisacodyl
Which stimulant laxatives have a 6-8 hour delay?
plant products
Bisacodyl
saline cathartics
Name 3 osmotic effect of non-absorbable compounds.
Polyethylene glycol
Laculose
Sorbitol
saline cathartics
Name 2 osmotic and inhibition of non and water uptake compounds.
Magnesium citrate
Magnesium hydroxide
How would you treat diarrhea caused by an infection?
antimicrobials
How would you treat diarrhea caused by ingested enterotoxin?
maintain fluid intake
How would you treat diarrhea caused by malabsorption?
give enzyme supplement
avoid offending foods
How would you treat diarrhea caused by inflammatory disease?
anti-inflammatory or immunosuppressive drugs
How do Opiods of Mu receptors function? (3)
increase sphincter tone
decrease propulsive motility
decrease secretion
Name the function of Opiods that affect Sigma receptors? (1)
decrease secretion
Name 2 Opioids Mu receptor agonist.
Diphenoxylate
Loperamide
Name an anti-diarrheal drug with an anti-microbial action.
Bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol)
Name a somatostatin analog that inhibits gastric acids, pepsinogen secretion, and endocrine secretions.
Octreotide
Name an alpha-2 adrenergic agonist that inhibits release of ALL autonomic neurotransmitters.
Clonidine
Decribe the function of Clonidine. (2)
decreases propulsion and secretion
Name two drugs available to treat gallstones.
Chenodiol
Ursodiol
Which of the following is used alone?
A. Chenodiol
B. Ursodiol
B. Ursodiol
Name a common drug used to treat chronic inflammatory bowel disease.
5-aminosalicylic acid
Name 2 corticosteroids that function as immunosuppresive agents.
hydrocortisone
prednisone
Name 3 cytotoxic agents that function as immunosuppressive agents.
azathioprine
mercaptopurine
cyclosporine
Name a drug used to treat portal-systemic encephalopathy.
Lactulose
Describe the function of Lactulose.
ion trapping of ammonia as NH4 in the lumen
increased excretion of NH4 in feces