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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abdomin/o
abdomen, abdominal
append/o, appendic/o
appendix
bilirubin/o
yellow bile pigment, bilirubin
bil/i
bile
cardi/o
esophageal opening of stomach
cec/o
cecum
celi/o
abdomen
chol/e, chol/o
bile
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/o
common bile duct
cirrh/o
orange/yellow
col/o
colon
enter/o
intestine
esophag/o
esophagus
gastr/o
stomach, abdomen
hepat/o
liver
herni/o
hernia, rupture, protrusion of a part of structure through the tissues containing it
ile/o
ileum, groin, longest portion of the small intestine
inguin/o
groin
jejun/o
1. portion of small intestine between the duodenum and ileum
2. jejunum, jejunal
oment/o
omentum
omphal/o
the umbilicus, the navel
peritone/o
peritoneum
pharyng/o
pharynx
pylor/o
pylorus
sigmoid/o
sigmoid, usually the sigmoid colon
splanchn/i, splanchn/o
viscera
splen/o
spleen
steat/o
fat
typhl/o
cecum
viscer/o
the viscera (L. internal organs)
cyst/i, cyst/o
cyst, cystic duct
duoden/o
duodenum
intestin/o
intestine
dyps/o
thirst
proct/o
anus and rectum
stomat/o
mouth
myc/o
fungus
cyst/i, cyst/o
1. bladder
2. cystic duct
3. cyst
semi - lunar
semilunar
half - relating to the moon or month
resembling the moon in shape, especially a half moon
lapar/o
loins (less properly, the abdomen in general)
lith/o - tripsy
lithotripsy
stone - rubbing, crushing
the crushing of a stone in the renal pelvis, ureter, or bladder, by mechanical force or focused sound energy
ile/o - sigmoid/o - ostomy
ileosigmoidostomy
ilium - s-shaped, sigmoid colon - an opening (surgical or artificial)
anatsomosis between the ileum and the rectum
gastr/o - pexy
gastropexy
stomach - surgical fixation
attachment of the stomach to the abdominal wall or diaphragm
celi/o - tomy
celiotomy
abdomen - incision, operation with cutting
transabdominal incicions into the peritoneal cavity
amyl/o - phagia

amylophagia
starch - eating

a morbid craving for starch
appendic/o - al

appendiceal
appendix - pertaining to, relating to

relating to an appendix
chol/e - cyst

cholecyst
bile - bladder, cyst, cystic duct

a pear-shaped receptacle on the inferior surface of the liver, in a hollow between the right lobe and the quadrate lobe; it serves as a storage reservoir for bile
chol/e - cyst/o - itis

cholecystitis
bile - bladder, cyst, cystic duct - inflammation

inflammation of the gallbladder
dys-phagia

dysphagia
bad, difficult - eating, devouring

difficulty in swallowing
epi - gastr/o - ium

epigastrium
upon, following, subsequent to - stomach, abdomen - structure, tissue

the region of the abdomen located between the costal margins and the subcostal plane
esophag/o - gastr/o - duoden/o - scopy

esophagogastroduodenoscopy
esophageal - stomach, abdomen - duodenum - use of a viewing instrument

endoscopic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, usually performed using a fiberoptic instrument
gastr/o - enter/o - col/o - itis

gastroenterocolitis
stomach, abdomen - intestine - colon - inflammation

inflammatory disease involving the stomach and intestines
gastr/o - instestin/o - al

gastrointestinal
stomach, abdomen - intestine - pertaining to, relating to

relating to the stomach and the intestines
gastr/o - tropic

gastrotropic
stomach - turning toward

affecting the stomach
gingiv/o - gloss/o - itis

gingivoglossitis
gums - tongue - inflammation

inflammation of both the gingival tissues and tongue
hepat/o - splen/o - megaly

hepatosplenomegaly
liver - spleen - enlargement

enlargement of the liver and spleen
odyn/o - phagia

odynophagia
pain - eating, devouring

pain on swallowing
organ/o - megaly

organomegaly
organ - large

abnormal enlargement of the viscera, such as may be seen in acromegaly and other disorders
pancreat - emphraxis

pancreatemphraxis
pancreas - stoppage

obstruction in the pancreatic duct, causing swelling of the gland
poly - dyps/o - ia

polydipsia
many, much - thirst - relating to, pertaining to

excessive thirst that is relatively prolonged
proct/o - logy

proctology
anus and rectum - study of

surgical specialty concerned with the anus and rectum and their diseases
steat/o - rrhea

steatorrhea
fat - discharge

passage of fat in large amounts in the feces, due to failure to digest and absorb it
stomat/o - myc/o - osis

stomatomycosis
mouth - fungus - abnormal condition

disease of the mouth due to a fungus
extra - hepat/o - ic

extrahepatic
without, outside of - liver - pertaining to, relating to

outside of, or unrelated to, the liver