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47 Cards in this Set

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THIS STAGE BEGINS WITH

ENTRANCE INTO FORMAL SCHOOL
ENDS WITH
THE ONSET OF PUBERTY
/
5 IMPORTANTS MILESTONES W/SCHOOLAGE
1. GROWTH BECOMES SLOW AND STEADY
2. CHILDREN MOVE AWAY FROM THE FAMILY TOWARD PEER RELATIONSHIPS
3. CHILDREN BECOME LESS SELF-CENTERED AND MORE GOAL-DIRECTED
4. DECIDUOUS TEETH ARE REPLACED BY PERMANENT TEETH
5. SEXUAL TRANQUILITY REPLACES SEXUAL CURIOSITY AND PREOCCUPATION
,
THE PERMANENT TEETH
DEVELOP IN THE SAME ORDER AS
BABY TEETH
.
INITALLY SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN EXPERIENCE AND INCREASED NUMBER OF RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS BECAUSE OF THEIR INCREASE EXPOSURE TO OTHER CHILDREN. ONCE THE IMMUNE SYSTEM MATURES, THIS BECOMES A RELATIVELY HEALTHY PERIOD OF DEVELOPMENT
,
HEART RATE AND RESPIRATORY RATE
SLOW, WHEREAS BLOOD PRESSURE READINGS INCREASE
CHANGES IN THE NERVOUS SYSTEM PERMIT EXPANDED COGNITIVE PROCESSES
,
THERE IS MARKED IMPROVEMENT IN EXISTING GROSS AND FINE MOTOR SKILLS, PERMITTING CHILDREN MORE INDEPENDENCE
.
THIS PERIOD IS SOMETIMES CALLED LATENCY, A TIME WHEN SEXUAL ENERGIES ARE DORMANT. BECAUSE PEER RELATIONSHIPS AT THIS STAGE ARE MAINLY WITH CHILDREN OF THE SAME SEX, THIS STAGE IS THOUGHT OF AS A PERIOD OF HOMOSEXUALITY
M
ACCORDING TO ERIKSON, THE TASK FOR THIS STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT IS INDUSTRY. CHILDREN ARE NOW CAPABLE OF FOCUSING ON REALITY, AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS
.
FRIENDSHIPS ARE IMPORTANT AND ARE THE CORNERSTONE OF THE SCHOOL AGE CHILDS SOCIAL WORLD. DURING THIS STAGE CHILDREN ARE ABLE TO DEVELOP RECIPROCAL RELATIONSHIPS WITH THEIR PEERS. IT IS COMMON FOR THEM TO ESTABLISH INTIMACY WITH THEIR FRIENDS AND SHARE THEIR FEELINGS AND POSSESSIONS.
,
DISCIPLINE TEACHES THE CHILD BOUNDARIES AND HELPS TO SET LIMITS ON BEHAVIOR. TOO MUCH DISCIPLINE MAY LEAD TO ACTING OUT BEHAVIOR; INSUFFICIENT DISCIPLINE MAY LEAD TO INSECURITY AND DOUBT
,
TELEVISION VIOLENCE MAY ADVERSELY AFFECT MANY SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN. FOR THIS REASON PARENTS SHOULD SUPERVISE CHILDREN'S CHOICES OF PROGRAMMING
.
ABOUT 1/4 OF SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN ARE AT HOME ALONE WHILE PARENTS ARE AT WORK. THESE "LATCHKEY" CHILDREN NEED SPECIAL GUIDELINES TO FOLLOW WHILE ALONE
.
PIAGET SAID, IN THIS STAGE CHILDREN MOVE FROM THE PREOPERATIONAL LEVEL OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT TO CONCRETE OPERATIONAL THOUGHT, WHICH PERMITS ORGANIZED THINKING AND THE ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND AND FOLLOW RULES.
,
SCHOOL BECOMES A MAJOR FOCUS OF THE CHILD'S ENVIRONMENT. UNLIKE THE EXPERIENCE IN PRESCHOOL, WHEN THE FOCUS WAS ON PROTECTION, PLAY AND NURTURING, THE EMPHASIS IS NOW ON EDUCATION AND LEARNING
,
ACCORDING TO KOHLBERG, SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN ARE AT THE PRECONVENTIONAL LEVEL OF MATURITY. RECIPROCITY IS THE CONCERN FOR OTHERS THAT SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN DEVELOP. TRUST AND LOYALTY ARE DEMANDED OF FRIENDS. THE CHILDS MORAL CODE IS BASED ON THE TEACHINGS AND ACTIONS OF THE PARENTS.
,
LANGUAGE IMPROVES, ENABLING CHILDREN TO COMMUNICATE MORE EFFECTIVELY WITH OTHERS
.
SCHOOL PLACES EMPHASIS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF VOCABULARY, GRAMMAR, PRONUNCIATION, AND SENTENCE STRUCTURE
.
THE NURTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS DURING THIS STAGE INCLUDE AN ADEQUATE DIET OF NUTRIENTS NECESSARY FOR GROWTH OF THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM. FOOD PREFERENCES RESULT FROM CULTURAL, FAMILY, AND PEER INFLUENCES. BREAKFAST IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT MEALS OF THE CHILD'S DAY. IT SHOULD NOT BE SKIPPED AND SHOULD SUPPLY 1/4 TO 1/3 OF THE DAILY NUTRITIONAL NEEDS
.
THE AVERAGE 6 YEAR OLD CHILD NEEDS ABOUT 12 HOURS OF SLEEP, WHEREAS 11 YEAR OLD CHILDREN NEED ONLY 10 HOURS OF SLEEP EACH NIGHT. INADEQUATE SLEEP CAN PRODUCE IRRITABILITY AND INTERFERE WITH THE CHILD'S ACADEMIC AND SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS
.
SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN PLAY AND CARRY OUT MOST SELF CARE ACTIVITIES INDEPENDENTLY. THEY LEARN TO WRITE, DRAW, AND DANCE AND DEVELOP MANY OTHER CREATIVE HOBBIES. IN THE HOME, CHILDREN ARE ABLE TO TAKE RESPONSIBILITY FOR THEIR POSSESSIONS AND LIKE TO EARN MONEY FOR SMALL JOBS
.
THE STYLE OF PLAY FOR THIS STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT IS REFERRED TO AS TEAM PLAY. AT THIS TIME CHILDREN ARE ABLE TOLEARN TO FOLLOW RULES AND REGULATIONS. MOST PLAY OCCURS IN SAME-SEX GROUPS AND IS COMPETITIVE IN NATURE
/
THE LEADING CAUSE OF ACCIDENTAL DEATHS FOR THIS AGE GROUPS CONTINUES TO BE MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENTS. CHILDREN SHOULD BE INSTRUCTED TO USE SEAT BELTS WHENEVER THEY ARE PASSENGERS. OTHER CAUSES OF INCREASED INJURIES ARE RELATED TO THE SCHOOL-AGE CHILD'S NATURAL TENDENCY TO ATTEMPT NEW SKILLS WITHOUT HELP, SUPERVISION, OR TRAINING
.
CHILDREN OF THIS AGE GROUP NEED ADEQUATE EXERCISE TO HELP MUSCLE STRENGTH AND ENDURANCE
.
SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN SHOULD BE SCREENED FOR ABNORMAL CURVATURE OF THE SPINE KNOWN AS SCOLIOSIS. THEY NEED TO RECEIVE BOOSTER VACCINATIONS TO MAINTAIN THEIR IMMUNITY
/
AS SCHOOL AGE CHILDRENS ORGANS CONTINUE TO MATURE THEY ARE BETTER ABLE TO RESIST INFECTIONS AND TEND TO RECOVER MORE RAPIDLY FROM ILLNESSES
.
THE CHANGE IN POSTURE TYPICAL OF SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN IS DUE TO???


A SHIFT IN THE CENTER OF GRAVITY
.
SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN EXPERIENCE AN INCREASE IN BLOOD PRESSURE BECAUSE OF??

DEVELOPMENT OF THE VENTRICLES
/
STRESS EXPERIENCED BY SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN MAY BE MANIFESTED BY ???


SCHOOL PHOBIA
.
ACCORDING TO ERIKSON, THE PSYCHOSOCIAL TASK FOR SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN IS KNOWN AS ???


INDUSTRY
,
KOHLBERGS STAGES OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT
CONVENTIONAL 10-13 YEARS

STAGE 3. INTERPERSONAL CONCORDANCE ORIENTATION...DEVELOPMENTAL FOCUS...BEHAVIOR MOTIVATED BY EXPECTATIONS OF OTHERS, STRONG DESIRE FOR APPROVAL AND ACCEPTANCE
.
KOHLBERGS MORAL DEVELOPMENT

CONVENTIONAL 10-13
STAGE 4. LAW AND ORDER ORIENTATION..DEVELOPMENTAL FOCUS...BEHAVIOR MOTIVATED BY RESPECT FOR AUTHORITY
.
PIAGETS STAGES OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT

6-12 YRS..CONCRETE OPERATIONS..

LEARNING TO APPLY LOGIC TO THINKING, DEVELOPING AN UNDERSTANDING OF REVERSIBILITY AND SPATIALITY; LEARNING TO DIFFERENTIATE AND CLASSIFY; SOCIALIZING AND APPLYING RULES
,
PIAGETS STAGES OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT

12-15 FORMAL OPERATIONS

LEARNING TO THINK AND REASON IN ABSTRACT TERMS; MAKING AND TESTING HYPOTHESES; EXPANDING AND REFINING LOGICAL THINKING AND REASONING; ACHIEVEING COGNITIVE MATURITY
.
EPIPHYSEAL CARTILAGE


THE CENTER FOR OSSIFICATION AND GROWTH AT THE END OF A LONG BONE
.
INDUSTRY


CHILDREN ARE PRODUCTIVE AND FOCUS ON THE REAL WORLD AND THEIR ROLES IN IT
.
LATENCY


THE PERIOD DESCRIBED BY FRUED WHEN SCHOOL AGE CHILDRENS SEXUAL ENERGIES ARE RELATIVELY DORMANT
.
MALOCCLUSION


A MALPOSITION OR IMPERFECT CONTACT BETWEEN THE UPPER AND LOWER TEETH
.
OSSIFICATION


THE HARDENING PROCESS WHEREBY BONE TISSUE GRADUALLY REPLACES THE SOFT CARTILAGE TISSUE
,
PUBERTY


THE PERIOD FOLLOWING CHILDHOOD AND BEFORE ADOLESCENCE IN WHICH THE BODY PREPARES FOR THE CHANGES NECESSARY FOR REPRODUCTION
.
FREUD'S STAGES-PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

6-12 YEARS OLD
LATENCY STAGE

SEXUALITY REPRESSED; FOCUS ON RELATIONSHIPS WITH SAME SEX PEERS
.
FREUD'S STAGES-PSYCHOSEXUAL DEVELOPMENT

13-20 GENITAL STAGE

LIBIDO REAWAKENED AS GENITAL ORGANS MATURE; FOCUS ON RELATIONSHIPS WITH MEMBERS OF THE OPPOSITE SEX
,
ERIKSONS--PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY

SCHOOL AGE 6-12 YEARS

INDUSTRY VS INFERIORITY

TO ACHIEVE A SENSE OF SELF-CONFIDENCE BY LEARNING, COMPETING, PERFORMING SUCCESSFULLY, AND RECEIVING RECOGNITION FROM SIGNIFICANT OTHERS, PEERS, ACQUAINTANCES
,
ERICKSON'S PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY

ADOLESCENCE 12-20
IDENTITY VS ROLE CONFUSION

TO INTEGRATE THE TASKS MASTERED IN THE PREVIOUS STAGES INTO A SECURE SENSE OF SELF
.
ERIKSONS PSYCHOSOCIAL THERORY
1. DEVELOP TRUST - MOTHER FIGURE
2. GAIN SELF-CONTROL & INDEPENDENCE
3. DEVELOP A SENSE OF PURPOSE & THE ABILITY TO INITIATE & DIRECT OWN ACTIVITIES
4. SELF-CONFIDENCE BY LEARNING, COMPETING, PERFORMING, RECEIVING RECOGNITION
,
KOHLBERGS STAGE OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT

PRECONVENTIONAL STAGE 4-10 YEARS

STAGE 1. PUNISHMENT AND OBEDIENCE ORIENTATION...DEVELOPMENT FOCUS...BEHAVIOR MOTIVATED BY FEAR OF PUNISHMENT
,
KOHLBERG'S STAGES OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT

STAGE 2..INSTRUMENTAL RELATIVIST ORIENTATION..DEVELOPMENTAL FOCUS...BEHAVIOR MOTIVATED BY EGOCENTRISM AND CONCERN FOR SELF
,
THE PERIOD AND DEVELOPMENT KNOWN AS SCHOOL AGE
MIDDLE YEARS
LATE CHILDHOOD
IS CHARACTERIZED BY SLOW, CONSISTENT GROWTH
.