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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the only part of the digestive tract that drains directly into the IVC?
What are the first branches of the abdominal aorta as it descends through the diaphragm?
-Right inferior phrenic artery
-Left inferior phrenic artery
What do the right and left inferior phrenic arteries supply?
-the inferior surface of the diaphragm
Celiac Trunk
-distal to inferior phrenic arteries
-it and its branches supply the foregut
consists of:
consists of:
-small intestine
-ascending colon
-transverse colon
consists of:
-descending colon
-sigmoid colon
Left gastric artery
-branch of celiac trunk
-descends and comes down along lesser curvature of stomach
Splenic Artery
-branch of celiac trunk
-larger artery that traverses laterally, posterior to the stomach, superior to pancreas
-ultimately supplies the spleen
-extends short gastric branches to supply superior part of stomach
-gives off the left gastroomental/gastroepiploic artery
Left gastroomenta/gastroepiploic artery
-branch of the splenic artery
-supplies the greater curvature of the stomach in part
Common Hepatic Artery
-branch of celiac trunk
-divides into hepatic artery proper and gastroduodenal artery
Gastroduodenal artery
-supraduodenal portion supplies blood to superior portion of duodenum
-then gives off anterior and posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries
Anterior and posterior pancreaticoduodenal arteries
-branches of gastroduodenal artery
-contribute to right blood supply of head of pancreas
What portion(s) of the gut is the pancreas derived from?
Hepatic Artery Proper
-ascends within the hepatoduodenal ligament
-divides into right and left hepatic arteries
-middle/intermediate branch may also exist
What two branches does the gastroduodenal artery give off after it gives off the supraduodenal portion?
-anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery
-posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery
What artery supplies the gallbladder?
-Cystic artery
where does the cystic artery branch from?
-Hepatic artery proper
what other artery also branches from the hepatic artery proper?
-right gastric artery
Right gastric artery
-comes off hepatic artery proper
-descends down lesser curvature of stomach
-anastamoses with left gastric artery
The splenic artery gives off two branches along the body and tail of the pancreas. What are they?
-Inferior pancreatic artery
-Dorsal pancreatic artery
What does the gastroduodenal artery branch into at the head of the pancreas?
-anterior and posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries
Where do the right and left gastric veins empty into?
-hepatic portal vein
What do the right and left gastroepiploic/gastroomental veins terminate into?
-superior mesenteric vein
Where do the spleinic vein, inferior and superior mesenteric veins join and empty into?
-hepatic portal vein
true or false: all venous drainage from abdominal viscera passes through the liver
What do the right and left hepatic veins empty into?
what two branches form the inferior pancreatic artery?
-dorsal pancreatic artery
-greater pancreatic artery
What three veins come together to form the hepatic portal vein and drain the foregut?
-Splenic vein
-Inferior mesenteric vein
-Superior mesenteric vein
Are the arcades straighter in the ileum or jejunum?
Superior Mesenteric Artery
-supplies small intestine and part of colon
-arises from abdominal aorta
-runs in root of mesentery to ileocecal junction
-sends many branches to jejunum and ileum
-runs between the layers of mesentery
Branches of SMA
-Middle colic
-Right colic
Middle colic artery
-branch of SMA
-ascends retroperitoneally and passes between layers of transverse mesocolon
-supplies transverse colon
Right colic artery
-branch of SMA
-passes retroperitoneally to reach ascending colon, which it supplies
Ileocolic artery
-terminal branch of SMA
-runs along root of mesentery and divides into ileal and colic branches
-supplies ileum, cecum, and ascending colon
What two arteries anastamose to form a marginal artery?
-middle colic
-right colic
What does the marginal artery anastamose with and where?
-near left colic flexure
What does the Inferior Mesenteric Artery supply?
-descending colon
-sigmoid colon
-(all of hindgut)
Branches of IMA
-Left colic artery (ascending and descending branches)
-Sigmoid arteries
-Superior rectal artery