Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/45

Click to flip

45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Iliocostalis
Origin:
Insertion:
Artery:
Nerve:
Action:
Notes:
Longissimus
Origin:
Insertion:
Artery:
Nerve:
Action:
Notes:
Spinalis
Origin:
Insertion:
Artery:
Nerve:
Action:
Notes:
Rotatores
Runs from transverse processes to spinous process one level and two levels above
Latissimus Dorsi
Origin: spines of t7-t12, ribs 9-12
Insertion: floor of bicipital goroove of humerus
Artery: thoracodorsal
Nerve: thoracodorsal
Action: Adducts, extends, and rotates arm medially; depresses scapula
Notes:
Serratus posterior superior
Origin:nuchae, spines of c7-t3
Insertion:upper borders of ribs 2-5
Artery: intercostals
Nerve: intercostals t1-t4
Action: elevates ribs
Notes:
Serratus posterior inferior
Origin: supraspinous lig, spines t11-l3
Insertion: lower border ribs 9-12
Artery:
Nerve: intercostal t9-12
Action: depresses ribs
Notes:
Triangle of auscultation
bounded by lat, trap, and rhomboid major. well suited for listening due to lack of muscles
Petit Triangle
bound by lat, external oblique, iliac crest. csite of hernias
Splenius capitis
Origin: mastoid process of temporal, superior nuchal of occipital
Insertion:
Artery:
Nerve:
Action:
Notes: lies deep to trap, fibers oblique, top of posteror triangle
Levator Scapulae
Origin: transverese of c1-4
Insertion: medial border of scapula
Artery: dorsal scapular
Nerve: dorsal scapular
Action: elevates scapula, rotates glenoid cavity
Notes:
Semispinalis Capitus
Origin: transverse of upper throacis
Insertion: occipital bone between superior and inferior nuchal lines
Artery: deep cervical
Nerve:
Action: rotates head
Notes:
Trapezius
Origin: spines of c7-t12, external occipital protuberance
Insertion: spine so scalpula, acromion, lateral third of claivcle
Artery: transveres cervial
Nerve:spinal accesory
Action: adducts, rotates, and depresses scapula
Notes:
Suboccipital triangle
obliquus inferior and superior, rectus capitus major and minor

within lies suboccipital (C1) and vertebral artery
Rectus capitus posterior major
Origin: spinous process of of axis
Insertion: laterla inferior nuchal line
Artery:
Nerve: suboccipital
Action: extension and lateral benind of head at AOccipital joints, roataion at alantoaxial joints
Notes:
Rectus capitus posterior minor
Origin: post tubercle of atlas
Insertion: occipital bone below inferior nuchal line
Artery:
Nerve: suboccipital
Action: extension and lateral benind of head at AOccipital joints, roataion at alantoaxial joints
Notes:
Obliquus capitis superior
Origin: transveres process of atlas
Insertion: occipital bone above inferior nuchal line
Artery:
Nerve: suboccipital
Action: extension and lateral benind of head at AOccipital joints, roataion at alantoaxial joints
Notes:
Obliquus capitis inferior
Origin:spine of axis
Insertion: transverse process of atlas
Artery:
Nerve: suboccipital
Action: extension and lateral benind of head at AOccipital joints, roataion at alantoaxial joints
Notes:
Rhomboid Major
Origin: spines of t2-t5
Insertion: nedial border of scalpula
Artery: dorsal scapula
Nerve: dorsal scapula (c5)
Action: adducts scapula
Notes: nerve/artery run medial part of scapula
Rhomboid Minor
Origin: spines of c7-t1
Insertion: root of spine of scapula
Artery: dorsal scap
Nerve:dorsal scap
Action: adducts scap
Notes:
Deltoids
Origin: laterla third of clavicle, acromion, spine of scapula
Insertion: deltoid tuberosity of humerous
Artery: post. humeral circumflex
Nerve: axillary
Action:
post - extension and lateral rotation of shoulder
ant - flexion and medial rotation
middle - powerful abductor of glenohumeral
Notes: same attach as trap
Supraspinatus
Origin: surpa fossa of scap
Insertion: superior facet of greater tubercle of humerous
Artery: supra
Nerve: suprascapular
Action: abducts
Notes: first 15 degrees!!
Infraspinatus
Origin: infra fossa of scap
Insertion: middle facet of grater tubercle of humerous
Artery:supra
Nerve: supra
Action: rotates arm laterall
Notes:
Teres minor
Origin: upper portion of laterla border of scap
Insertion: lower facet of great tubercle of humeres
Artery:circumflex scap
Nerve: axillary
Action: rotates arm laterally
Notes:
Subscapularis
Origin: sub scap fossa
Insertion: lesser tubercle of humerus
Artery: subscap
Nerve: upper and lower subscap
Action: adducts and rotates arm medially
Notes:
Teres major
Origin: dorsal surface of inferior angle of scapula
Insertion: medial lip of intertubercular groove of humeros
Artery: circumflex scap
Nerve: lower subscap
Action: adducts and rotates arm medially
Notes:
Triceps
Origin:
long-infragleno tubercle
lateral-super to radial groove of humer
medial-inferior to radial gr
Insertion: poster. surface of olceranon of ulna
Artery: deep brachial
Nerve: radial
Action: extends forearm
Notes:
Triangular space
holds circumflex scapular artery

teres minor, teres major, and long head of triceps
Triangular interval
long head and lateral head of triceps and teres major

hides radial nerve and deep brachial artery
Quadrangular space
teres minor, long head of tri, teres major, and surgical neck of humerus

through comes axillary nerve and posterior humeral circumflex artery
Pectoralis Major
Origin:
clav - medial half of int surface of clavicle
sternal - upper 6 costal and sternum
Insertion: lateral lip of intertubercular groove of humerrus
Artery: pec brack of thoracacromial
Nerve: medial and lateral pec
Action: flexes, adducts, and medially rotates arm
Notes:
Pectoralis Minor
Origin: ribs 3,4,5
Insertion: coracoid process
Artery: pec branch of thoraco
Nerve: medial pec (pierces it)
Action: depresses scapula, elevates ribs
Notes:
Serratus anterior
Origin:
Insertion:
Artery:
Nerve:
Action:
Notes:
Posterior scalene
Origin: transvere pro of c4-c6
Insertion: outer surface 2nd rib
Artery: ascending cervial
Nerve: lower cervical c6-c8
Action: elevates second rib, bends neck
Notes:
Middle Scalene
Origin: trans pro of c2-c7
Insertion: upper surface 1st rib
Artery:ascending cervical
Nerve: lower cervical (c5-8)
Action: elevates first rib, bends neck lateral
Notes:
Anterior Scalene
Origin: trans pro of c3-c6
Insertion: scalene tuber of 1st rib
Artery: ascend cervial
Nerve: lower cervical (c5-c8)
Action: elevates first rib, bends neck
Notes:
Sternocleidomastoid
Origin: medial one third of clavicle
Insertion: mastoid process and lat one half of superior nuchal line
Artery: scm bracnh of occiptial
Nerve: spinal accesory
Action: turns face oppistie side, togethr can flex head, raise throax
Notes: cnXI runs directly superficial to
Platysma
Origin: fascia over upper part deltoid and pec major
Insertion: mandible
Artery: facial
Nerve: facial
Action: facial expression
Notes:
Biceps
Origin:
long - supraglenoid tubercle
short - coracoid process
Insertion: radial tuberosity of radius
Artery: brachial
Nerve: musculocutaneous
Action: flexes forearm and arm, supinates forearm
Notes:
Brachialis
Origin: lower ant surface of humeres
Insertion: coranoud porcess of ulna and ulnar tuberosity
Artery: brachial, radial recurrent
Nerve:musculocutaneous
Action: flexes forearm
Notes:
Coracobrachialis
Origin: coracoid process
Insertion:middle thir of medial surface of humerous
Artery: brachial
Nerve:musculocutaenous
Action: flexes and adducts arm
Notes:
nervepoint
top thrid to half of posterior border of scm

cutaneou and spinal accest pass through here
4 cutaneous branches of cervial plexues (supply skin)
greeater auricular, runs posterior with EJV across surface of scm

lesser occipital - ventral rmi

transverse cervical

supraclavicular (meidal, intermed, lateral) from c3,4
phrenic nerve
c345, keeps diaphraghm alive, part of cervial plexus, runs anteriorly to scm
axilla
medial-serratus
posterior-subscapanterior - pec major/minor
lateral - interbecular gorroe

contains sublavians, brachial plexus, apex of lung