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100 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Tx for EPM
TMS & pyrimethamine
What is Whipple's Triad?
the essential CS of insulin prod tumor
-spontaneous hypoglycemia (<50)
-accompanied by CNS signs
-symptoms relieved with glucose administration
RED ROOT & PIGWEED are plants assoc with peri-renal _____.
edema
What is the most appropriate induction drug for greyhounds?
methohexital
Enucleation: ________ eye block - inject lidocaine subcutaneously at the notch formed by the supraorbital process and the zygomatic arch (foramen orbitorotundro).
Peterson
Cryptosporidium are acid-_____ positive.
acid-fast
The dorsal ______ vein is the preferred site for IV injection in adult pigs.
auricular vein
Corneal stromal ____= yellowish white stromal infiltrate in cornea.
abscess
What is the name for hair growing into the cornea?
dermoid
Acetaminophen produces____ & ____ in cats.
methHbemia & Heinz body anemia
Tx for swine dysentery.
lincomycin
TGE of pigs will cz ____.
vomiting
BVD causes ____ in newborn calves.
cerebellar hypoplasia
What is the normal pH of the rumen?
pH=6
What is the cz of Psittacosis?
Chlamydia psittaci
Food refluxing from both nostrils in older horse usually means ______.
esophageal obstruction
What is the most common cz of maxillary sinusitis in the horse?
infection & abscessation of a tooth root entering into the sinus
What organism makes up the anti-endotoxin vx in horses?
E. coli J5,
Salmonella (Lipid A molecule)
Dogs with _____ (acute or chronic) heart failure have increased serum aldosterone levels.
chronic HF
_____ is a Ca channel blocker used to tx hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in cats.
diltiazem
What is the most useful to dx PEMPHIGUS FOLIACEUS in dogs?
skin biopsy
What is the least contagious virus of cats?
FIV
Coccidiomycosis is most frequently seen in what part of the US?
southwest
What is the most common tapeworm of cats?
Dipylidium caninum
Barium enemas in dogs with lymphocytic-plasmocytic colitis is not sens in detecting ______.
mucosal dz
Fading kitten atrophy is generally attributed to _____ atrophy.
thymic
Histiocytoma is NOT associated with _____Ca (hypo or hyperCa).
hyperCa
Tx of choice for cats with NOCARDIOSIS.
TMS
Ca gluconate combats the adverse metabolic effects of hyperK but does not _____.
reduce serum K levels
What spp is assoc with 10% of human plague?
cats
Which organ is most adversely affected by hyperCa?
kidney
What is another name for supf pustular pyoderma?
impetigo
It is normal for a cat's hemogram to have: ____bodies and ____ bodies and lower MCV than dogs
Heinz bodies
Howell-Jolly bodies
Will toxoplasmosis cz icterus in cats?
NO
What is stud tail?
accum of oily exudate over tail head & on tail of cats
What nerves need to be blocked when dehorning ruminants?
cornual & infratrochlear nn
Arthrodesis of _____ is commonly performed in horses?
P1/P2
Name 2 common clinical signs seen with Heartwater Dz?
coughing
chronic vomiting
90% of bladder tumors occur on the ___ wall in large animals.
dorsal
What is the tx of choice for Potomac Horse Fever?
tetracycline
Who gets more umbilical infections - calves or foals?
calves
Penile hematomas occur OUTSIDE the tunica albuginea in _____ and INSIDE in _____.
OUTSIDE - HORSES
INSIDE - BULLS
Aortic insufficiency - ______(systolic or diastolic) murmur
diastolic
What cells produce IL-2?
T-cells
What breeds are predisposed to subaortic stenosis?
Goldens, Newfies, GSD, Boxers
Hydralazine & Furosemide may increase _____ levels.
K
PDA - bounding _____ & _____ pulse pressure
bounding pulses
wide pulse pressure
Digoxin doses should be decreased in patients with _____ dz & based on lean bosy weight
renal
Heartworms, intracardiac tumors and pulmonary embolism are assoc w/____ shock.
obstructive
Normal resting CVP = ____ cm H2O
0-10
Helper T cells are distinguished by the ____ marker.
CD4
_____ = inadequate delivery of O2 & nutrients to tissues
shock
Syncope in animals with heart block is d/t _____ or _____ arrhythmias.
asystole or ventricular arrhythmias
______ vaccine - can cz neonatal isoerythrolysis in newborn calves
anaplasmosis
Ag processing mainly occurs within ______.
macrophages
What is the most sensitive immunologic test based on amount of Aby detected?
radioimmunoassay
_____ immunity involves: macrophages, natural killer cells & T cells
cellular
_____ cells are mature Aby producing cells.
plasma cells
Ig____ mediates allergies.
IgE
Abys do NOT bind to and neutralize _____.
toxins
Class ___ histocompatibility Ags are found on all nucleated cells.
Class I
Antinuclear Abys are most readily detected by indirect ______.
immunofluorescence
Ig____ is the major protective immunoglobulin on pigs body surface.
IgA
Radial immunodiffusion tests are most suitable to measure Ig___ levels in serum.
IgG
A CD4:CD8 level of ____ = immunosuppressed animal
< 1
Most serologic tests that employ complement get the complement from what spp?
guinea pigs
What are bacterins?
killed bacterial vaccines
Ig___ produces most of the Aby activity in serum.
IgG
______ vaccines most closely resemble a virulent infection.
attenuated
Diazepam has a _____ half life.
short
Glutathione peroxidase is ____ dependent & aids in protection against oxidative damage.
Se
Glutathione peroxidase levels are decreased with what dz?
white muscle dz
What is the tx for aspirin overdose?
diuresis with IV fluids
alkalinize urine
What is the DOC for toxicant induced sinus bradycardia?
atropine
______ preservation is most applicable tp a wide variety of chemical analysis for toxicants.
freezing
A humeral response is most likely to confer protection against dz when produced for the _____ Ag.
pilus
_____ is the long term oral tx to decrease hepatic Cu stores in dogs.
Ca disodium EDTA
_____ is a mycotoxin which may increase the postpartum to estrus interval in PIGS.
zearalenone
Renal BF & GFR are _____ (incr/decr) in the initial stages of acute renal toxicity.
decreased
______ can NOT be used in cats as an antiarrhythmic agent.
lidocaine
What tumor is most likely to be assoc with hypoglycemia?
insulinoma
_____ is most likely assoc with myelophthisis (infiltration of BM w/malignant tumor.
pancytopenia
Occult blood in feces is most likely to be observed in a dog with _____ tumor.
MCT
Name 2 chemotherapeutic agents that should NOT be used in cats.
5-fluorouracil
cisplatin
What is the best tx for nasal adenocarcinoma?
radiation therapy
90% of mammory masses in cats are _____.
malignant
DIC does NOT cz neutropenia or leukopenia in dogs with ____.
cancer
_____: bile component which is toxic to bile canaliculi membranes & is dep on enterohepatic recycling for its formation.
lithocholic acid
Is vincristine nephrotoxic?
no
What can an overdose of ivermectin in dogs cz?
tremors
ataxia
mydriasis
wt loss
Aminoglycosides can be ____toxic, ____toxic & ____toxic.
nephrotoxic
ototoxic
neurotoxic
Metronidazole is NOT effective in the tx of _____.
Hemobartonella felis
Penicillin has a ____ safety margin.
wide
_____antimicrobial therapy is the traditional tx of leishmaniasis.
pentavalent
Blasto can be dx by ___ walled yeast cells in smears of exudate from skin lesions.
thick
What is the tx for mucocutaneous candidiasis?
nystatin
How is sporotrichosis dx in horses?
isolation & ID via culture
Cryptococcus neoformans is an agent that czs human infections & is assoc w/____ feces.
pigeon feces
A bacterial ____ is one that results in IRREVERSIBLE inhibition of growth.
disinfectant
A ______ is the most effective in demonstrating fluorescence in hair infected with Microsporum canis.
Wood's lamp