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20 Cards in this Set

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1. A nurse teaches the importance of folic acid to a group of pregnant women. This is considered which level of preventive care?
A. Primary prevention
B. Secondary prevention
C. Tertiary prevention
D. Illness behavior
A:Primary prevention
2. _______________ are described as a person’s ideas, convictions, and attitudes about health and illness.
A. Health beliefs
B. Moral beliefs
C. Holistic views
D. Negative health behaviors
A: Health beliefs
3. Which of the following models of health or illness defines health as a positive, dynamic state, not merely the absence of disease?
A. Pender’s health promotion model
B. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
C. Rosenstoch’s health belief model
D. The holistic health model of nursing
A:Pender’s health promotion model
4. All of the following are considered internal variables that influence a client’s health beliefs and practices except:
A. Perception of functioning
B. Emotional factors
C. Developmental stage
D. Socioeconomic factors
D:Socioeconomic factors
5. Clients maintain health or enhance their present health by routine exercise and proper nutrition. This is known as_________________.
A. Wellness education
B. Illness
C. Health promotion
D. External variables
C:Health promotion
6. The nurse in a diabetic clinic conducts monthly seminars for diabetic clients. During these seminars, the importance of taking insulin as directed to prevent diabetic complications is emphasized. This is considered which level of preventive care?
A. Primary prevention
B. Secondary prevention
C. Tertiary prevention
D. Illness prevention
B:Secondary prevention
7. A client comes into the clinic for a complete physical examination. The nurse obtains a health history and determines the client is at risk for heart disease. Which of the following would lead the nurse to believe this?
A. Father died of a heart attack at age 40.
B. The client is 25 years old.
C. The client lives near a chemical plant.
D. The client works as a carpet salesman.
A:Father died of a heart attack at age 40.
8. The World Health Organization defines health by which of the following statements?
A. “State of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease”
B. “A state of being that people define in relation to their own values, personality, and lifestyle”
C. “Mental, social, and spiritual well-being”
D. “All people free of disease”
A:State of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease”
9. All of the following are examples of active strategies of health promotion except:
A. Weight reduction
B. Smoking cessation
C. Fluoridation of drinking water
D. Exercise training
C:Fluoridation of drinking water
10. _______________ is defined as a mental self-image of strengths and weaknesses in all aspects of personality.
A. Body image
B. Self-concept
C. Emotional change
D. Family roles
B:Self-concept
WHEN ILLNESS DOES OCCUR, DIFFERENT ATTITUDES ABOUT ILLNESS CAUSE PEOPLE TO REACT IN DIFFERENT WAYS. MEDICAL SOCIOLOGISTS CALL THE REACTION TO ILLNESS:
A. ILLNESS BEHAVIOR
B. HEALTH BELIEF
C. HEALTH PROMOTION
D. ILLNESS PREVENTION
A. ILLNESS BEHAVIOR
DEFINING HEALTH IS DIFFICULT. THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO) DEFINES HEALTH AS:
A. THE ABSENCE OF DISEASE
B. A PERSONAL CONCEPT OF HEALTH
C. REACHING FULL POTENTIAL
D. A STATE OF COMPLETE PHYSICAL, MENTAL, AND SOCIAL WELL-BEING, NOT MERELY THE ABSENCE OR INFIRMITY
D. A STATE OF COMPLETE PHYSICAL, MENTAL, AND SOCIAL WELL-BEING, NOT MERELY THE ABSENCE OR INFIRMITY
THE HEALTH BELIEF MODEL ADDRESSES THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN A PERSON'S BELIEF AND BEHAVIORS, THUS:
A. A PERSON WHO SMOKES DOES NOT PRACTICE THE MODEL
B. A PERSON WHO DOES NOT TAKE NECESSARY MEDICATIONS DOES NOT PRACTICE THE MODEL
C. IT PROVIDES A WAYOF UNDERSTANDING AND PREDICTING HOW CLIENTS WILL BEHAVE IN RELATION TO THEIR HEALTH AND HOW THEY WILL COMPLY WITH HEALTH CARE THERAPIES
D. THIS MODEL PROVIDES A BASIS FOR CARING FOR CLIENTS OF ALL AGES
C. IT PROVIDES A WAYOF UNDERSTANDING AND PREDICTING HOW CLIENTS WILL BEHAVE IN RELATION TO THEIR HEALTH AND HOW THEY WILL COMPLY WITH HEALTH CARE THERAPIES
NURSES USING THE HOLISTIC NURSING MODEL:
A. UTILIZE ONLY COMPLEMENTARY INTERVENTIONS
B. RECOGNIZE THE NATURAL HEALING ABILITIES OF THE BODY AND INCORPORATE COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE INTERVENTIONS
C. CONSIDER ONLY THE MIND AND THE BODY IN PROVIDING CARE
D. CONSIDER ONLY THE SPIRITUAL ASPECT IN PROVIDING CARE
B. RECOGNIZE THE NATURAL HEALING ABILITIES OF THE BODY AND INCORPORATE COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE INTERVENTIONS
INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL VARIABLES CAN INFLUENCE HOW A PERSON THINKS AND ACTS. INTERNAL VARIABLES INCLUDE:
A. TEMPERATURE, BLOOD PRESSURE, AND RESPIRATIONS
B. ANXIETY, FEVER, RESPIRATIONS, BLOOD PRESSURE, TEMPERATURE
C. DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE, INTELLECTUAL BACKGROUND, PERCEPTION OF FUNCTIONING, AND EMOTIONAL AND SPIRITUAL FACTORS
D. BLADDER, HEART, LIVER, AND GALLBLADDER FUNCTIONING
C. DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE, INTELLECTUAL BACKGROUND, PERCEPTION OF FUNCTIONING, AND EMOTIONAL AND SPIRITUAL FACTORS
A PERSON'S BELIEFS ABOUT HEALTH ARE SHAPED IN PART BY THE PERSON'S
A. CONFIDENCE IN A HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
B. KNOWLEDGE OF DISEASE PROGRESSION
C. KNOWLEDGE, LACK OF KNOWLEDGE, OR INCORRECT INFORMATION ABOUT ILLNESS
D. CONFIDENCE IN THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEM
C. KNOWLEDGE, LACK OF KNOWLEDGE, OR INCORRECT INFORMATION ABOUT ILLNESS
HEALTH PROMOTION ACTIVITIES CAN INCLUDE:
A. EXCERCISE AND GOOD NUTRITION
B. SMOKING AND DRINKING EXCESSIVE ALCHOL
C. UNSAFE SEX
D. EXPOSURE TO AIR POLLUTANTS
A. EXCERCISE AND GOOD NUTRITION
PRIMARY PREVENTION AIMED AT HEALTH PROMOTION INCLUDES:
A. REHABILITATION AND PREVENTION OF COMPLICATIONS
B. SCREENING TECHNIQUES AND TREATING OF EARLY STAGES OF DISEASE
C. HEALTH EDUCATION PROGRAMS, IMMUNIZATION, AND PHYSICAL AND NUTRITIONAL FITNESS ACTIVITIES
D. CARE FOR A DIABETIC CLIENT USING INSULIN
C. HEALTH EDUCATION PROGRAMS IMMUNIZATION, AND PHYSICAL AND NUTRITIONAL FITNESS ACTIVITIES
THIS LEVEL OF PREVENTION WOULD BE DIRECTED AT MINIMIZING COMPLICATIONS OF DISEASE
A. PRIMARY PREVENTION
B. SECONDARY PREVENTION
C. TERTIARY PREVENTION
D. ILLNESS PREVENTION
C. TERITARY PREVENTION
ACUTE ILLNESS AND CHRONIC ILLNESS ARE TWO GENERAL CLASSIFICATIONS OF ILLNESS. ACUTE ILLNESS REFERS TO AN ILLNESS THAT:
A. IS LONGER THAN 6 MONTHS AND CAN ALSO AFFECT FUNCTIONING IN ANY DIMENSION
B. HAS A SHORT DURATION AND IS SEVERE
C. CAUSES AN IRREVERSIBLE CONDITION
D. IS SYNONYMOUS WITH DISEASE
B. HAS A SHORT DURATION AND IS SEVERE