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58 Cards in this Set

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ACTIVE STRATEGIES OF HEALTH PROMOTION
ACTIVITIES THAT DEPEND ON THE CLIENT BEING MOTIVATED TO ADOPT A SPECIFIC HEALTH PROGRAM
ACUTE ILLNESS
ILLNESS CHARACTERIZED BY SYMPTOMS THAT ARE OF RELATIVELY SHORT DURATION, ARE USUALLY SEVERE AND AFFECT THE FUNCTIONING OF THE CLIENT IN ALL DIMENSIONS
CHRONIC ILLNESS
ILLNESS THAT PERSISTS OVER A LONG PERIOD OF TIME AND AFFECTS PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL, INTELLECTUAL, SOCIAL, AND SPIRITUAL FUNCTIONING
HEALTH
A STATE OF COMPLETE PHYSICAL MENTAL AND SOCIAL WELL-BEING NOT MERELY THE ABSENCE OF DISEASE OR INFIRMITY
HEALTH BEHAVIOR CHANGE
FIVE STAGES OF CHANGE FROM NO INTENTION TO CHANGE TO MAINTAING A CHANGED BEHAVIOR
HEALTH BEHAVIORS
ACTIVITIES THROUGH WHICH A PERSON MAINTAINS ATTAINS OR REGAINS GOOD HEALTH AND PREVENTS ILLNESS
HEALTH BELIEF MODEL
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK THAT PREDICTS A PERSON'S HEALTH BEHAVIOR AS AN EXPRESSION OF PERSONNAL HEALTH BELIEFS
HEALTH PROMOTION
THE CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION PEOPLE TO SEEK WAYS OF DECREASING THE INCIDENCE AND MINIMIZING THE RESULTS OF ILLNESS OR DISABILITY
HOLISTIC HEALTH MODEL
THIS MODEL ATTEMPTS TO CREATE CONDITIONS THAT PROMOTE OPTIMAL HEALTH.
ILLNESS
ABNORMAL PROCESS IN WHICH ANY ASPECT OF A PERSON'S FUNCTIONING IS DIMINISHED OR IMPAIRED AS COMPARED WITH THE PREVIOUS CONDITION
ILLNESS BEHAVIOR
WAYS IN WHICH PEOPLE MONITOR THEIR BODIES DEFINE AND INTERPRET THEIR SYMPTOMS TAKE REMEDIAL ACTIONS AND USE THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
ILLNESS PREVENTION
HEALTH EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES DIRECTED TOWARD PROTECTING CLIENTS FROM THREATS OR POTENTIAL THREATS TO HEALTH AND TOWARD MINIMIZING RISK FACTORS
PASSIVE STRATEGIES OF HEALTH PROMOTION
ACTIVITIES THAT INVOLVE THE CLIENT AS THE RECIPIENT OF ACTIONS BY HEALTH CARE PROESSIONALS
PRIMARY PREVENTION
PRECEDES DISEASE OR DYSFUNCTION AND IS APPLIED TO CLIENTS CONSIDERED PHYSICALLY AND EMOTIONALLY HEALTHY
RISK FACTOR
ANY INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL VARIABLE THAT MAKES A PERSON OR GROUP MORE VULNERABLE TO ILLNESS OR AN UNHEALTHY EVENT
SECONDARY PREVENTION
FOCUSES ON INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE EXPERIENCING HEALTH PROBLEMS OR ILLNESS AND WHO ARE AT RISK FOR DEVELOPING COMPLICATIONS OR WORSENING CONDITIONS
TERTIARY PREVENTION
A DEFET OR DISABILITY IS PERMANENT AND IRREVERSIBLE. IT INVOLVES MINIMIZING THE EDDECTS OF LONG-TERM DISEASE OR DISABILITY BY INTERVENTIONS DIRECTED AT PREVENTING COMPLICATIONS AND DETERIORATION
WELLNESS
BEING HEALTHY
CARING
SENSE OF DEDICATION TO ANOTHER PERSON
COMFORTING
SKILLFUL AND GENTLE PERFORMANCE OF A NURSING PROCEDURE
ETHIC OF CARE
DELIVERY OF HEALTH CARE BASED ON ETHICAL PRINCIPLES AND STANDARDS OF CARE
PRESENCE
PERSON TO PERSON ENCOUNTER THAT CONVEYS A CLOSENESS AND SENSE OF SECURITY
TRANSCULTURAL
THE CONCEPT OF CARE AS THE ESSENCE AND CENTRAL UNIFYING AND DOMINANT DOMAIN THAT DISTINGUISHES NURSING FROM OTHER HEALTH DISCIPLINES
TRANSFORMATIVE
AN INTERCONNECTEDNESS BETWEEN THE ONE CARED FOR AND THE ONE CARING
FAHREHEIT
SCALE OF MEASUREMENT OF TEMPERATURE IN WHICH THE BOILING POINT OF WATER IS 212 DEGREES AND THE FREEZING POINT IS 32 DEGREES AT SEA LEVEL
FEBILE
PERTIANING TO OR CHARACTERIZED BY AN ELEVATED BODY TEMPERATURE
FEVER
ELEVATION OF THE HYPOTHALAMIC SET POINT SO THAT BODY TEMPERATURE IS REGULATED AT A HIGH LEVEL
FEVER OF UNKNOWN ORGIN
REFERS TO A FEVER WHOSE CAUSE CANNOT BE DETERMINED
FROSTBITE
TRAUMATIC EFFECT OF ECTREME COLD ON THE SKIN AND SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUES; FIRST MANIFESTED BY DISTINCT PALLOR
HEAT EXHAUSTION
ABNORMAL CONDITION CHARACTERIZED BY WEAKNESS VERTIGO NAUSEA MUSCLE CRAMPS AND LOSS OF CONCIOUSNESS; CAUSED BY DEPLETION OF BODY FLUID AND ELECTROLYTES RESULTING FROM EXPOSURE TO INTENSE HEAT OR THE INABILITY TO ACCLIMATIZE TO HEAT
HEAT STROKE
SEVERE AND SOMETIMES FATAL CONDITION RESULTING FROM THE FAILURE OF THE TEMPERATURE REGULATING CAPACITY OF THE BODY CASUED BY PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO THE SUN OR HIGH TEMPERATURES
HEMATOCRIT
MEAUSRE OF THE PACKAGED CELL VOLUME OF RED CELLS, EXPRESSED AS A PERCENTAGE OF THE TOTAL BLOOD VOLUME
HYPERTENSION
DISORDER CHARACTERIZED BY ELEVATED BLOOD PRESSURE PERSISTENTLY EXCEEDING 140/90
HYPERTHERMIA
SITUATION IN WHICH BODY TEMPERATURE EXCEEDS THE SET POINT, FEVER
HYPOTENSION
AN ABNORMAL CONDITION IN WHICH THE BLOOD PRESSURE IS NOT ADEQUATE FOR NORMAL PERFUSION AND OXYGENATION OF THE TISSUES
HYPOTHALAMUS
PORTION OF THE DIENCEPHALON OF THE BRAIN THAT ACTIVATES, CONTROLS, AND INTEGRATES THE PERIPHERAL AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM, THE ENDOCRINE PROCESS, AND MANY BODILY FUNCTIONS SUCH AS BODY TEMPERATURE SLEEP AND APPETITE
HYPOTHERMIA
ABNORMAL LOWERING OF BODY TEMPERATURE BELOW 95 DEGREES USUALLY CAUSED BY PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO COLD
HYPOXEMIA
ABNORMAL DEFIENCY OF OXYGEN IN ARTERIAL BLOOD
MALIGNANT HYPERTHERMIA
AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT TRAIT CHARACTERIZED BY OFTEN FATAL HYPERTHERMIA IN AFFECTED PEOPLE EXPOSED TO CERTIAN ANESTHETIC AGENTS
NONSHIVERING THERMOGENESIS
CONDITION THAT OCCURS PRIMARILY IN NEONATES BECASUE NEONATES CANNOT SHIVER, A LIMITED AMOUNT OF VASCULAR BROWN TISSUE, PRESENT AT BIRTH, IS METABOLIZED FOR HEAT PRODUCTION
ORTHOSTATIC HYPOTENSION
DROP IN SYSTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE OF 15MM HG OR MORE WHEN A PERSOON RISES FROM RECUMBENT POSITION TO A SITTING OR STANDING POSITION
PERFUSION
PASSAGE OF A FLUID SUCH AS BLOOD THROUGH A SPECIFIC ORGAN OR AN AREA OF THE BODY
POSTURAL HYPOTENSION
ABNORMALLY LOW BLOOD PRESSURE OCCURING WHEN AN INDIVIDUAL ASSUMES THE STANDING POSTURE
PULSE DEFICIT
CONDITION THAT EXISTS WHEN THE RADIAL PULSE IS LESS THAN THE VENTRICULAR RATE AS AUSCULTATED AT THE APEX OR SEEN ON AN ELECTROCARDIOGRAM
PULSE PRESSURE
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE SYSTOLIC AND DIASTOLIC PRESSURES NORMALLY 30 TO 40 MM HG
PYREXIA
ABNORMAL ELEVATION OF THE TEMPERATURE OF THE BODY ABOVE 37 DEGREES CELCIUS BECASUE OF DISEASE OR FEVER
PYROGENS
ANY SUBSTANCE THAT CAUSES A RISE IN BODY TEMPERATURE
RADIAL PULSE
PULSE OF THE RADIAL ARTERY PALPATED AT THE WRIST OVER THE RADIUS
RADIATION
METHOD OF TEMPERATURE REGULATION USED BY THE BODY TO LOWER BODY TEMPERATURE
SHIVERING
PROCESS USED BY THE BODY TO RAISE BODY TEMPERATURE
SPHYGMOMANOMETER
DEVICE FOR MEASURING THE ARTERIAL BLOOD PRESSURE THAT CONSISTS OF AN ARM OR A LEG CUFF WITH AN AIR BLADDER CONNECTED TO A TUBE
STROKE VOLUME
AMOUNT OF BLOOD EJECTED BY THE VENTRICLE DURING A VENTRICULAR CONTRACTION
SYSTOLIC
PRESSURE EXERTED IN THE AORTA AND LARGE ARTERIES OF A HUMAN DURING SYSTOLIC CONTRACTION OF THE LEFT VENTRICLE
TACHYCARDIA
RAPID HEART RATE RANGING BETWEEN 100 AND 150 BPM (BEATS PER MINUTE)
THERMOREGULATION
INTERNAL CONTROL OF BODY TEMPERATURE
TIDAL VOLUME
AMOUNT OF AIR INHALED AND EXHALED DURING NORMAL VENTILATION
VENTILATION
RESPIRATORY PROCESS BY WHICH GASES ARE MOVED INTO AND OUT OF THE LUNGS
VITAL SIGNS
TEMPERATURE PULSE RESPIRATIONS AND BLOOD PRESSURE (TPRB)