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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define antibiotic???
An agent that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms
What is an antimicrobial?
Agent that kills or suppresses the multiplication and growth of microorganisms. Used for scrubbing hands when there are known multiple resistant bacteria present
CHemical substances that can kill or alter the growth of microorganisms
What is an antiseptic???
A chemical compound that is used on skin or tissue to eliminate microorganisms.
What is asepsis???
Destruction and containment of infectious agents after they leave the body of a patient with an infectious disease
What is a chemical substance that can kill microorganisms?
What is sterilization
Process of rendering an article free of microorganisms and their pathogenic products
What is medical asepsis???
Practice of reducing the number orf organisms present or reducing the risk for transmission of organisms
What is surgical asepsis???
Practice of preparing and handling materials in a way that prevents the patient's exposure to living microorganisms.
What is PPE
Gloves, gowns, masks, protective eyewear and hair covering, shoe covering
A single celled organism that lacks a nucleus and reproduces every 20 mins is a ______?????
Protozoa are one celled organisms that belong to ?????
Animal kingdom
Rickettsias are what?
Rod shaped organisms that are transmitted by insects (vectors)
Roundworms and tapeworms are examples of ?????
What is a poisonous protein produced by certain bacteria?
What are the links in the chain of infection
Causative agent - Resevoir - portal of exit - mode of transmission - portal of entry - susceptible host
What is an example of a causative agent?
a bacteria, helminth, etc.
What is an example of a resevoir
Animal, insecct, contaminated food and water
What is an example of a portal of exit?
Respiratory tract, when a sick person sneezes
What is an example of a mode of transfer?
Touching drainage from an infected wound
What is an example of a portal of entry?
Pathogens can enter through mucous membranes of mouth, nose, etc
What is an example of a susceptible host?
An immune compromised individual
The goal of surgical asepsis is what???
To prevent the patient being exposed to living organisms.
The goal of medical asepsis is what?
Reducing the number of organisms present or reducing the risk for transmission of organisms.
What is the second line of defense?
Fever, leucocytosis, phagocytosis, etc.
What are the 5 defense mechanisms (2nd line of defense)
1. Fever 2. Leucocytosis 3. phagocytosis 4. inflammation 5. action of interferon
What is a localized protective response brought on by injury or destruction of tissues?
What is the third line of defense
Immune response
Natural acquired immunity occurs when:
Mother pass antibodies to child
To develop passive acquired immunity, a person must be given ____ or ______ that contains _______.....
Antitoxin antiserum that contains

antibodies or antitoxins
What are standard precautions????
Precautions that protect the nurse and the patient from infection and are to be used for every patient contact.
1987 CDC precautions that appoied to blood and other fluids associated with blood-borne precautions. Did not apply to saliva, urine, etc. Unless contaminated with blood
What are universal precautions?????