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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How do you change a fraction into a decimal
Divide the numerator by the denominator
1/4 becomes 0.25
How do you convert a decimal to fraction
write the decimal as a fraction with the denominator a power of 10, and then reduce to the lowest terms
0.125 becomes 125/1000 and reduces to 1/8
perimeter of a rectangle
P=2l + 2w
Perimeter of a square
areas of a rectangle
A=l x w
circumference of a circle
C= pie x d
area of a circle
A= pie x r^2
adjacent angles
share a common vertex, they share only one side
complementary angle
the sum of the measures of two angles is 90 degrees
supplementary angles
the sum of the measures of the two angles is 180 degrees
when two lines intersect and they form two pairs of angles
transversal lines
third line intersects two lines at the same point of intersection
consecutive interior angles
interior angles that lie on the same side
alternate interior angles
interior angles that lie on opposite sides
congruent angles
when the measures of two angles are the same

the word "is"
often means an equal sign

the words "of" and "product

the word "sum"

the word "difference"

the word "quotient"
middle number of a set when the values are in NUMERICAL order
value of a set occuring most often
measure of the spread of the numbers

subtract the smallest number in the set from the largest number in the set
probablity = number of ways an event can occure/total number of possible events
marbury v. madison
established the supreme courts power of judicial review
Dred Scott Decision
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Blacks can not be slaves and Congress can not prohibit slavery in territories
Wilsons 14 points
Woodrow Wilsons peace plan
The banking act of 1933
established the FDIC
Road to Pearl harbor
US placed embargo on many exposrt items to Japan.
POnce de Leon
First in FL 1513
Year FL ceded to US from Spain
Year FL became the 27th State
functions of gov't
1. maintain order & protect boundaries
2. legal functions
3. economic functions
4. social functions
Federal Structure of gov't
sovereignty is divided between a central unit and a group of states
ex US
Central gov't holds power
ex. Japan
governement is controled by a single or collective executive
ex Nazi Germany & China
executive branch is separate however all 3 must cooperate
ex US
Great Compromise
Provided for
1 president
2 senators per state
representatives elected based on state population
Legislative Branch
Congress= House & Senate
power to declare war
raise and maintain armies
taxes, borrow money, regulate commerce
power to impeach
Executive Branch
1. president
2. negotiate treaties
3. appoint officials
1st admendment
worship, speech, press & assembly
Federal Gov Powers
1. reg commerce
2. mint $
3. naturalization & immig.
4. copyrights & patens
5. war
6. raise and maintain armies
State Govt
1. conduct and monitor elect
2. establish voters guideline
3. ratify proposed admendments
4. regulate contracts & wills
5. provide for education
6. levy taxes
2nd admendment
right to keep and bear arms
3rd admendment
4th admendment
5th admendment
3 - quartering troops
4 - unreasonable search & seizure
5 - due process
6th admendment
7th admendment
8th admendment
9th admendment
6 - right to a jury trial
7 - right to sue
8 - cruel & unusual punishment
9 - rights retained by people
Judiciary Act of 1789
law that organized the Supreme Court and set up federal district courts (13) and circuit appeal courts (3)
Supreme Court Members
1 chief Justice & 8 associate justices
Federal Reserve System
Central banking system of the US. Fed Res issues bank notes, lends money to member banks, maintains reserves, helps set national money policy
rhythmic instruments
melodic instruments
harmonic instruments
1. triangle, blocks, sticks
2. flutes, melody bells
3. chording instruments (harp)
fat-soluble vitamins
A,D,E & K

are stored in body