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51 Cards in this Set
 Front
 Back
How do you change a fraction into a decimal

Divide the numerator by the denominator
1/4 becomes 0.25 

How do you convert a decimal to fraction

write the decimal as a fraction with the denominator a power of 10, and then reduce to the lowest terms
0.125 becomes 125/1000 and reduces to 1/8 

perimeter of a rectangle

P=2l + 2w


Perimeter of a square

P=4s


areas of a rectangle

A=l x w


circumference of a circle

C= pie x d


area of a circle

A= pie x r^2


adjacent angles

share a common vertex, they share only one side


complementary angle

the sum of the measures of two angles is 90 degrees


supplementary angles

the sum of the measures of the two angles is 180 degrees


vertical

when two lines intersect and they form two pairs of angles


transversal lines

third line intersects two lines at the same point of intersection


consecutive interior angles

interior angles that lie on the same side


alternate interior angles

interior angles that lie on opposite sides


congruent angles

when the measures of two angles are the same


WORD PROBLEMS
the word "is" 
often means an equal sign


WORD PROBLEMS
the words "of" and "product 
multiplication


WORD PROBLEMS
the word "sum" 
addition


WORD PROBLEMS
the word "difference" 
subtraction


WORD PROBLEMS
the word "quotient" 
division


median

middle number of a set when the values are in NUMERICAL order


mode

value of a set occuring most often


range

measure of the spread of the numbers
subtract the smallest number in the set from the largest number in the set 

probablity

probablity = number of ways an event can occure/total number of possible events


marbury v. madison

established the supreme courts power of judicial review


Dred Scott Decision
Dred Scott v. Sanford 
Blacks can not be slaves and Congress can not prohibit slavery in territories


Wilsons 14 points

Woodrow Wilsons peace plan


The banking act of 1933

established the FDIC


Road to Pearl harbor

US placed embargo on many exposrt items to Japan.


POnce de Leon

First in FL 1513


Year FL ceded to US from Spain

1821


Year FL became the 27th State

1845


functions of gov't

1. maintain order & protect boundaries
2. legal functions 3. economic functions 4. social functions 

Federal Structure of gov't

sovereignty is divided between a central unit and a group of states
ex US 

Unitary

Central gov't holds power
ex. Japan 

Authoritarian

governement is controled by a single or collective executive
ex Nazi Germany & China 

Presedential

executive branch is separate however all 3 must cooperate
ex US 

Great Compromise

Provided for
1 president 2 senators per state representatives elected based on state population 

Legislative Branch

Congress= House & Senate
power to declare war raise and maintain armies taxes, borrow money, regulate commerce power to impeach 

Executive Branch

1. president
2. negotiate treaties 3. appoint officials 

1st admendment

worship, speech, press & assembly


Federal Gov Powers

1. reg commerce
2. mint $ 3. naturalization & immig. 4. copyrights & patens 5. war 6. raise and maintain armies 

State Govt

1. conduct and monitor elect
2. establish voters guideline 3. ratify proposed admendments 4. regulate contracts & wills 5. provide for education 6. levy taxes 

2nd admendment

right to keep and bear arms


3rd admendment
4th admendment 5th admendment 
3  quartering troops
4  unreasonable search & seizure 5  due process 

6th admendment
7th admendment 8th admendment 9th admendment 
6  right to a jury trial
7  right to sue 8  cruel & unusual punishment 9  rights retained by people 

Judiciary Act of 1789

law that organized the Supreme Court and set up federal district courts (13) and circuit appeal courts (3)


Supreme Court Members

1 chief Justice & 8 associate justices


Federal Reserve System

Central banking system of the US. Fed Res issues bank notes, lends money to member banks, maintains reserves, helps set national money policy


rhythmic instruments
melodic instruments harmonic instruments 
1. triangle, blocks, sticks
2. flutes, melody bells 3. chording instruments (harp) 

fatsoluble vitamins

A,D,E & K
are stored in body 