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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
An important role of vitamin K is the synthesis of A. alpha-tocopherol
B. rhodopsin
C. retinol
D. prothrombin
D. prothrombin
A suboptimal intake of chromium in individuals in the U.S. may be linked to
A. impaired glucose tolerance.
B. elevated calcitriol levels.
C. lowered serum cholesterol levels.
D. elevated blood pressure.
A. impaired glucose tolerance.
Copper's functions consist of all the following except
A. connective tissue formation.
B. thyroid hormone synthesis.
C. iron release from storage.
D. hemoglobin formation.
B. thyroid hormone synthesis.
The nutrient that prevents beriberi is
A. vitamin B-12.
B. niacin.
C. riboflavin.
D. thiamin.
D. thiamin.
Biotin absorption is inhibited by
A. phytate.
B. oxalate.
C. avidin.
D. copper.
C. avidin.
Intestinal bacteria can make this B vitamin in adequate amounts to meet human needs.
A. Folate
B. Vitamin B-6
C. Pantothenic acid
D. Biotin
D. Biotin
A deficiency of vitamin B-6 can result in depression, headaches, and confusion. These occur because of impaired
A. hemoglobin synthesis.
B. glucose metabolism.
C. neurotransmitter synthesis.
D. myelin synthesis.
C. neurotransmitter synthesis.
The best vitamin B-6 food sources include
A. enriched breads and cereals
B. milk and dairy products.
C. meat, fish, and poultry.
D. deep yellow/orange fruits and vegetables.
C. meat, fish, and poultry.
A pantothenic acid deficiency
A. is very unlikely because of its widespread availability.
B. is very likely.
C. occurs commonly in children.
D. occurs commonly in the elderly.
A. is very unlikely because of its widespread availability.
Liver and lung damage of chromium toxicity can occur from
A. exposure to industrial waste.
B. daily consumption of egg yolks.
C. daily consumption of beef liver.
D. All of these choices are correct.
A. exposure to industrial waste.
The best food source of iron is
A. whole wheat bread.
B. egg yolk.
C. raisins.
D. liver.
D. liver.
Thiamin is distributed in small amounts in many foods. A nutrient-dense source of thiamin is
A. milk.
B. pork.
C. whole grain cereals.
D. dark green vegetables.
B. pork.
Functions of choline include all of the following except
A. red blood cell synthesis.
B. neurotransmitter synthesis.
C. component of cell membranes.
D. homocysteine metabolism.
A. red blood cell synthesis.
Older adults may require a supplemental source of vitamin B-12 because
A. low intake of vitamin C impairs vitamin B-12 absorption.
B. decreased production of intrinsic factor decreases vitamin B-12 absorption.
C. increased hydrochloric acid production decreases vitamin B-12 absorption.
D. high fiber intake binds vitamin B-12.
B. decreased production of intrinsic factor decreases vitamin B-12 absorption.
This vitamin, when consumed during pregnancy, can help prevent neural tube defects like spina bifida
A. Niacin
B. Folate/Folic Acid
C. Riboflavin
D. B6
B. Folate/Folic Acid
Generally, good folate sources are
A. fruits.
B. green leafy vegetables.
C. milk and dairy products.
D. poultry.
B. green leafy vegetables.
The best vitamin B-6 food sources include
A. enriched breads and cereals
B. milk and dairy products.
C. meat, fish, and poultry.
D. deep yellow/orange fruits and vegetables
C. meat, fish, and poultry.
Which of the following techniques is best for preserving the vitamin content of cooked broccoli?
A. Boiling to tenderness
B. Addition of baking soda
C. Steaming until crisp-tender
D. Deep frying
C. Steaming until crisp-tender
Which of the following minerals is not a cofactor for enzymes used in energy metabolism?
A. Copper
B. Magnesium
C. Manganese
D. Molybdenum
A. Copper
Which of the following are the best thiamin sources?
A. Pork, whole grains, enriched cereals, legumes
B. Root vegetables, cheddar-type cheese, deep yellow/orange fruits and vegetables
C. Ham, vegetables of the cabbage family, whole grains
D. Milk, beef, deep yellow/orange fruits and vegetables
A. Pork, whole grains, enriched cereals, legumes
Some niacin is formed in the body from
A. phenylalanine.
B. tyrosine.
C. tryptophan.
D. lysine.
c. tryptophan
Which of the following techniques is best for preserving the vitamin content of cooked broccoli?
A. Boiling to tenderness
B. Addition of baking soda
C. Steaming until crisp-tender
D. Deep frying
C. Steaming until crisp-tender
Anemia can result from a deficiency of
A. potassium.
B. vitamin E.
C. fiber.
D. All of these choices are correct.
D. All of these choices are correct.
The amount of iron in the body is mostly regulated by
A. excretion in the urine.
B. absorption in the small intestine.
C. absorption through the skin.
D. absorption in the large intestine.
B. absorption in the small intestine.
Which of the following is the best food source of riboflavin? A. Milk
B. Lean ham
C. Carrots
D. Canola oilWhich of the following is the best food source of riboflavin?
A. Milk
B. Lean ham
C. Carrots
D. Canola oil
a. milk
Milk is a poor source of
A. calcium.
B. iron and calcium.
C. iron and vitamin C.
D. vitamin A and protein.
C. iron and vitamin C.
Zinc competes with _______________ for absorption.
A. calcium
B. copper
C. chloride
D. vitamin C
B. copper
Which of the following techniques is best for preserving the vitamin content of cooked broccoli?
A. Boiling to tenderness
B. Addition of baking soda
C. Steaming until crisp-tender
D. Deep frying
C. Steaming until crisp-tender
Compared to refined grain products, whole grains have more
A. potassium.
B. vitamin E.
C. fiber.
D. All of these choices are correct.
D. All of these choices are correct.
Manganese functions as
A. a component of many different enzymes.
B. a component of thyroid hormone.
C. cofactor for the absorption of vitamin A.
D. an essential mineral for amino acid metabolism.
A. a component of many different enzymes.
Pellagra is characterized by all the following except
A. dysphagia.
B. diarrhea.
C. dementia.
D. dermatitis.
A. dysphagia.
A pantothenic acid deficiency
A. is very unlikely because of its widespread availability.
B. is very likely.
C. occurs commonly in children.
D. occurs commonly in the elderly.
A. is very unlikely because of its widespread availability.
The vitamin that functions as a coenzyme, particularly in carbohydrate metabolism, is
A. thiamin.
B. pyridoxine.
C. niacin.
D. riboflavin.
A. thiamin.
A major source of iodide in the North American diet is
A. seaweed.
B. sea salt.
C. table salt.
D. carbonated soft drinks.
C. table salt.
The amount of iron in the body is mostly regulated by
A. excretion in the urine.
B. absorption in the small intestine.
C. absorption through the skin.
D. absorption in the large intestine.
B. absorption in the small intestine.
A disorder that causes increased iron absorption leading to organ toxicity is
A. hemochromatosis.
B. hemolysis.
C. pellagra.
D. anemia.
A. hemochromatosis.
Which of the following is a good chromium source?
A. Cherries
B. Whole grains
C. Enriched, refined grains
D. Drinking water
B. Whole grains
The nutrient essential for synthesis of several blood clotting factors is
A. vitamin A.
B. vitamin C.
C. vitamin E.
D. vitamin K.
D. vitamin K.
The foods that provide the largest source of riboflavin in the American diet are
A. meats.
B. whole grain cereals.
C. milk and dairy products.
D. dark green leafy vegetables.
C. milk and dairy products.
Which of the following is the best food source of riboflavin?
A. Milk
B. Lean ham
C. Carrots
D. Canola oil
A. Milk
Growth retardation and poor sexual development occur with a deficiency of
A. thiamin.
B. niacin.
C. iron.
D. zinc.
D. zinc.
A severe iodide deficiency during early pregnancy may result in an infant afflicted with
A. scurvy.
B. rickets.
C. cretinism.
D. xerophthalmia.
C. cretinism.
We get most of the sulfur in our diet from
A. carbohydrates.
B. water.
C. fats and oils.
D. proteins.
D. proteins.
Vitamin b-6, folate, and vitamin b12 are required for the metabolism of
homocysteine
A nutrient that has been deemed essential but has not been classified as a vitamin is
choline
What disease is caused by a thiamin deficiency?
beriberi
The nutrient essential for synthesis of several blood clotting factors is
A. K
B. D
C. B
D. E
A. vitamin K