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25 Cards in this Set

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a group of lines forming a unit in a poem
Stanza
the attitude a writer takes toward his or her subject, characters, and readers
Tone
usually, a stanza or poem of four lines
Quatrain
the pattern of rhymes in a poem
Rhyme scheme
poetry that tells a story
Narrative poetry
poetry that expresses a speaker’s personal thoughts of feelings
Lyric poetry
a word, phrase, line, or group of lines repeated regularly in a poem, usually at the end of each stanza
Refrain
poetry in which on ore more characters speak
Dramatic poetry
a reversal of the usual order of words o achieve some kind of emphasis
Inversion
a story told in verse and usually meant to be sung
Ballad
the use of a word whose sound in some degree imitates or suggests its meaning
Onomatopoeia
language that appeals to any sense or any combination of senses
Imagery
any object, person, place, or action that has a meaning in itself and that also stands for something larger than itself, such as quality, an attitude, a belief, or a value
Symbol
language that is not intended to be interpreted in a literal sense
Figurative language
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
Couplet
usually, the humorous use o a word or phrase to suggest two or more meanings at the same time
Pun
verse written in unrhymed iambic pentameter, where each line usually contains ten syllables and every other syllable is stressed
Blank verse
in general, a literary work in which he central character meets an unhappy or disastrous end
Tragedy
a speech, usually lengthy, in which a character, alone on stage, expresses his or her thoughts aloud
Soliloquy
a surrounding influence or environment (not in book, found on Meriam Webster)
Atmosphere
a figure of speech in which an animal, an object, a natural force, or n idea is given personality, or described as if it were human
Personification
a comparison made between two dissimilar things through the use of a specific word of comparison, such as like, as, than, or resembles
Simile
a comparison between two unlike things with the intent of giving added meaning to one of them
Metaphor
the repetition of similar sounds, usually consonants or consonant clusters, in a group of words
Alliteration
the repetition of similar vowel sounds, usually close together
Assonance