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42 Cards in this Set

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Thomas Hobbes
-Beilieved that people were naturally CRUEL, GREEDY, and SELFISH.
-That life in the state of nature, without a form of laws, would be solitary, POOR, NASTY, BRUTISH, and SHORT
-MONARCHY WAS THE BEST GOVERNMENT
BAD people
John Lock
-Natural rights from birth= LIFE,LIBERY, and PROPERTY
-Purpose of government is to protect natural rights.
-People have the right, or duty, to overthrow the government if the government fails in its obligation.
life, liberty, and property
Montasgue
-French LAWYER and PHILOSOPHER
-Frote the SCRIPT OF THE LAWS in 1748
-Believed that seperation of powers was the best way to protect liberty
-Developed the concept of checks and balances, which was later written into the US consitution
Lawyer AND philosopher
Voltaire
-His books were cencored and burned
-Targeted corrupt officials and idle aristocrats
-Hated slave trade
"I may not agree with a word that you say, but I will defend your right to say it."
Rousseau
-Believed people were originally good but corrupted.
-4things that corrupted society:
Property, Agriculture, Comerce, and Science
-Government should be based on the consent of the governed
4 things that corrupted men of society
Who were the 3 primary players in Reformation and what did they stand for?
-Martin Luther: NO SELLING FORGIVNESS; faith in god should be noted in love, ont fear
-John Calvin: GO LUTHER! (agreed); faith over all works!; the bible is the basis for all teachings
-Henry VII: REFORMATION GOOD FOR ME (because he wanted a divorce); broke away because POPE WOULDNT GIVE HIM A DIVORCE
Lutherans, Calvins, king _____
Battle of Hastings
1066
Magna Carta
1215
Declaration of Independace
1776
Rise of Napolean
1793
3 ideals associated with Renaissance
Faith in human nature, reverence for physical beauty, and belief in spiritual perfection
Purpose of the US Constitution
To explain our rights as Americans
LAWS
Purpose of the Declaration of Independance
To explain why we seperated from the British and to gain support from other countries.
NOT LAWS
Puporse of the English Bill of Rights of Man
Sums up the powers that Parliment has been seeking since the pettition of Rights in 1628
Struggle between parliament and monarchs
Purpose of the Magna Carta
To back up:
-The nobles had certain rights
-The monarchs must obey the laws
MEANS A GREAT CHARTER
What are your natural rights?
Rights that belong to humans from birth
Who was on the committee to write the Declaration of Independace?
Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Roger Sherman, Robert Livingston
THOMAS JEFFERSON
3 esates
1:CLERGY, owned 10% of land;collected tithes;PAID NO TAXES
2:NOLBES; defended land. top jobs in government;ARMY;owned land but little money
3: majiority of population; 27MILLON PEOPLE; many workers, farmers
Social ladder
What does Rennaissance mean?
The rebirth of something (a country or civilisation)
Who made up the Bourgeoisie?
3rd estate= prospurous bankers, merchants, and manufacturers who were the basis of the French economy
MIDDLE CLASS
What's the difference between Adams, Jefferson, Franklin, and William the Conqueror?
Adams=out-spoken and strong
Jefferson=quiet, but has alot to say. wrote well
Franklin=cowardly, humerous, selfish somewhat
William the C.= strong leader
How did voting work at the Estates-General?
-Louis XVI had each estate create cashiers, note bookes, listing their grievences.
-Members from the 3rd estate were elected
-Only propertied men could vote

-After weeks of stalemate, they finally created the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
Tennis Court Oath
1)What was the National Assembly Period called?

2)What man led it?
1)The "Great Fear"

2)Marquis de Lafayette
Dakota
Who sat on the 2 wings of the National Assembly?
The Jacobians (Left wing) and the Girdinists(Right wing)
left and right
What were their political beliefs?
Right= Those who felt reform had gone far enough and wanted to go back to the old ways.

Left= Wanted to abolish the monarchy and wanted other outragious things passed.
liberals and conservatives
What political position allowed Napolean to rise?
Robespierre falling into his own trap and King Louis and Marie Anntionette being beheaded.
MISFORTUNE FOR SOME IS OPPORTUNITY FOR OTHERS!!!
How did Napolean get support from the various factions?
They liked what he stood for.

REPLACED LIBERTY,EQUALITY,& FRATERNITY with ORDER, SECURITY,& EFFICIENCY
emergres, modernizing economy
Who were the king and queen at the start of the French Revolution and where did they come from?
King Louis XVI and Marie Antionette; Austria
beheaded
3 reasons why France what in debt in the 18th century
1)Years of the government spending more money than it takes in
2)Louis XVI having costly wars
3)Bad harvest that caused food prices to raise
France gets in over its head
What did the Revolution do to Feudalism in France?
The 2nd estate people no longer owned land. Napolean basically took it all
STEALS LAND
How destructive are factions to the healthy functioning of a democracy?
Factions can question, attempt overrule, and "run the system" because they feel they have the right or they have to much freedom
Differentiate:
1)The battle of the nile
2)Austerlitz
3)Battle for Russia
4)Waterloo
1)Early in his regn: Clean defeat
2)1805: French attack, Russia-Austria fight back, French comes back, prevails
3) Napolean and his troops try to invade Russia, Russia leaves the country, travels eatward and burns all food/shelter supplies on the way, Nap.'s troops suffer.
4)1815: The attack of Napolean after her tried to regain power but only had it for 100 days
Getting harder over time
What groups led a counterrevolution?
Russia, Britain, Austria, and Pursia
The countries he conquered earlier
"Absolute power corrupts absolutly"
Robespierre with the Regin of Terror: he had absolute power in creating the reign of terror, but it got so out of control that it back fired and he ended up getting killed himself from something he created.
"Charisma, not consitution, formed the basis of legitimate government in the 18th century France"
King Louis XVI: He had alot of charm but was a terrible leader, which is why the so-called legitimate governement in the 18th century failed miserably.
"In the absense of legitamate government, power prevails."
Napolean's rise to power: When Robbespierre died and Louis XVI and Marie Antionette died, Napolean saw the opportunity to prevail and rule France.
What government came after the National Assembly?

What political group was in charge of it?
-Legislative Assembly

-Sans-Culottes
Declaration of the Rights of Man
-A declaration the National Assembly made up saying that the monarch did not hold absolute power over the people.
Guerilla
Hit and run raids against the French.
LITTLE WAR
Abdicate
Stepped down from power.
What Napolean did after the Battle of Waterloo
Tri-color
A red,white, and blue badge which eventually became the French flag
Emigre
Nobles, clergy, and others who had fled revolutionary France