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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Voltaire
candide
Diderot
get rid of king and church
Hobbes
Leviathan
-we need a govt to watch ovr man
-people are bad
Locke
-man is rational/born =
-govt should use ed. to make better people
-*contract theory
-
Adam Smith
"The wealth of Nations"
-opposed mercantilism
-indiv. promotes his interests
Montesquieu
The Spirit of Laws-
*separation fo pwrs
*Polit conserv-pro aristocracy
*no 1 syst of govt
*there is a perfct gov for each place
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
-desired to make peeps good
-agst. priv. property
Intellectual Causes
-enlightenment
1.Liberalism-much larger intellectual class w/ enlightened pol. ideas.
2.Ideas-Liberty, ability of people to rule themselves, equality of law
Social Causes
-feudalism
-classes
Estates System--
1.Clergy
-2-5% of pop.
-10% of land
-controled peas./tax exempt
2.Nobles
-2-5% of pop.
-20% of land
-great wealth
-div.of d'epee & robe
3.Everyone Else
-95% of pop.
-some righ,peas.,artisans
DIVIDED--
*Bougeoisie
-8% land
-exploited peas.
*Peas.
-40% of land
-paid most tax
-wished to own property
*Par.poor
-Factory workers
-most politicized
Thomas Paine
*Rights of Man
-response to Burke's work
-wrote on cause of discontent:
1.govt
2.povert
3.illit
4.war
Edmund Burk
-conservative
"rotten burrough system"
-doesnt supp despotism
-people arent good
-populism cant be trusted
-good gov coms from exp.& should
Marat
(radical) critic of govt
-calls for complt overthrw
-says no equality
Robespierre
Committee of P.S.
--knocks off all enimies then gets beheaded.
Napoleon
enimies fail-napoleon takes over