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26 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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bourgeoisie
the city-dwelling middle class
made up of merchants, manufactureers, and professional people usch as doctors and lawyers.
conscription
All unmarried, able-bodied men between 18 and 25 were liable for militay service.
the draft
counterrevolutionary
aimed counterto (or against) the revolution
counter ________
coup d'etat
a seizure of power by force
stroke of state.
Enlightened Despotism
absolute monarchs ruled
system of gov.`
Emigre
noble who fled France during the revolution
emigrant....
nationalism
love of one's country rather than love of one's native region
united...
philosophe
study of the most fundamental questions of reality and human existence
your input on something
plebiscite
procedure used to submit the constitution of a new govenment to the people for a vote
gettin something to the people to vote on
popular sovereignty
governmental principle based on just laws and on a government created by and subject to the will of the people
government based on the popularity by the peopl
rationalism
belief that truth can be arrived at solely by reason,or logical thinking
thinking for a reason
reactionary
extremist who not only oppose change, but generally would like to return to the way things were before certain changes occurred
hate change and react to it
salon
gathering of the social, political, and cultural elite in France during the Inlightenment
lalal
universal Manhood Sufferage
election process that allowed every man to vote regardless of whether he owned property
discrimination universally
Montesquieu believed that the best form of government would have what?
Power was divided: legislative, executive and judicial
Roussear believed that society was corrupt because of what?
environment education and laws
How did voltaire change the practices that he thought were unfair?
he attacked them by writing plays, histories, essays, poems, and books.
Why did France have financial problems?
from the wars of Louis XIV and the next king only made the depts bigger.
The reign of Terror was designed to do what?
to behead people suspected of disloyalty
When did the reign of terror end?
july 1794
seperation of powers
Montesquieu
natural rights-life, liberty, property
Locke
Freedom of thought an expression/ wrote Candide
Voltaire
Direct democracy/ wrote The Social Contract
Rousseau
wrote Leviathan/ believed people first lived in anarchy and he considered it a state of nature
Hobbes
edited the Encyclopedia..their wrtings criticized the church, the government, the slave trade, torture, taxes, and war. was imprisoned with several other philosohes.
diderot