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14 Cards in this Set

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The definite article
Used with a noun referring to a specific item when both the speaker and the audience know what the item is.
It is also used with an uncountable noun to describe all of it, or with a plural noun to describe all of them.
le
definite article
singular
masculine
before a consonant
the
la
definite article
singular
feminine
before a consonant
the
l'
definite article
singular
masculine anf feminine
before a vowel
les
definite article
plural
masculine and feminine
The indefinite article
The French indefinite article is used with a noun referring to a non-specific item, or to a specific item when the speaker and audience don't both know what the item is.
Unlike the English "a/an", the French indefinite article has a plural form, often translated as "some" but usually simply omitted in English.
un
indefinite article
singular
masculine
a/an
une
indefinite article
singular
feminine
a/an
des
indefinite article
plural
masculine and feminine
some
The partitive article
There is no English partitive article.
The French partitive article is often translated as "some", but often simply omitted in English.
It is used to indicate an indefinite portion of something uncountable, or anindefinite number of something countable.
Notice that except after a negative verb, the partitive article is formed by combining the preposition 'de' (of, from) with the definite article.
Also note that in the plural, and after a negative verb, the indefinite and partitive articles take the same form. This makes sense, as there is no clear difference in meaning in these cases.
du
Partitive article
singular
before a consonant
masculine
some
de la
partitive article
singular
before a consonant
feminine
some
de l'
partitive article
singular
before a vowel
masculine and feminine
des
partitive article
plural
masculine and feminine
some