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5 Cards in this Set

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Rule 15(b) Amendments
A party may amend their pleading any time before a responsive pleading is served.

before the action is placed on a trial calendar.

Anytime by leave of the court or written consent of the adverse party;

and leave shall be freely given when justice so requires.
Rule 9(b)Fraud, Mistakes, Condition of the Mind
In all averments of fraud or mistake the circumstances constituting fraud or mistake shall be stated with particularity.

Malice, intent, knowledge and other condition of a person maybe averred generally.
Rule 8(a)
Claims for Relief
Rule 8(a)Claims for relief

A pleading which sets forth a claim for relief shall contain:

1) Statement of the grounds on which the court's jurisdiction depends

2) Short and plain statement showing the pleader is entitled to relief

3)Demand for judgment for relief the pleader seeks
Rule 8(b)
Defenses; Form of Denials
If a party is without knowledge or information sufficient to form a belief as to the truth of the allegations; then the party shall state this and it has the effect of denial.

The party can choose to only deny parts of the allegation.
Rule 8(c)
Affirmative Defenses
Can respond to a pleading with an affirmative defense or make the affirmative defense through a motion.

Examples include res judicata, statute of fraud and limitation, duress, contributory negligence etc...