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84 Cards in this Set

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A fracture in which a small fragment is torn from the bone.
apophyseal
A fracture of the joint surface.
articular
An indirect fracture caused by tearing or pulling of a ligament.
avulsion
A fracture of the orbital floor caused by traumatic force.
blow-out
Fracture of the metacarpal neck, caused by striking something hard with a closed fist.
boxer
Also called a "bucket-handle tear." It is a tear in the cartilage which leaves a loop of cartilage lying in the intercondylar notch.
bucket-handle
Also called an "axial compression fracture." It is a fracture of a vertebra, often injuring the spinal cord.
burst
A comminuted fracture resulting in two fragments of bone on either side of a main fragment, resembling a butterfly.
butterfly
Also called a "perforating fracture." Results when a bone is perforated by a missile.
buttonhole
Detachment of a piece from the head of the radius.
chisel
Shelling off of cartilage by a small fragment of bone.
cleavage
A fracture which does not produce an open wound in, or penetrate, the skin.
closed
A fracture in which the bone is entirely broken, all the way across.
complete
Fracture of the lower end of the radius, where the fragment is displaced.
Colles'
A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed.
comminuted
When there is injury to adjacent parts of the bone due to a fracture.
complicated
Basically just an open fracture.
compound
A fracture as a result of compression.
compression
A fracture of the humerus where a small fragment which includes the condyle is separated from the bone.
condylar
A fracture which occurs near a joint, and results in displacement of the joint.
dislocation
Also called "hickory-stick fracture." A fracture in which one side of the bone is broken and the other side is bent.
greenstick
A fracture through the axis (C2).
hangman's
When one fragment of a fracture is driven into another.
impacted
A fracture which occurs at a point distant from the injury.
indirect
A stress fracture that occurs when there is a normal amount of stress, but the bone is of decreased density.
insufficiency
A fracture on the articular surface of a bone.
intra-articular
A fracture occurring within the capsule of a joint.
intracapsular
Fracture of a fetal bone while in utero.
intrauterine
Fracture of the maxilla.
Le Fort
A fracture extending along the length of a bone.
linear
A break extending in a longitudinal direction.
longitudinal
A break extending in an oblique direction.
oblique
A fracture which results in an external wound, i.e. a portion of the fractured bone protrudes through the skin.
open
Opposite of a compound fracture, basically a closed fracture.
simple
Also called a "torsion fracture," where a bone is literally twisted apart.
spiral
Occurs as a result of some longstanding disease and is not traumatic.
spontaneous
Caused as a result of repeated stress to a bone (commonly seen in soldiers or athletes).
stress
A fracture of a bone just below its head.
subcapital
Also called a "spiral fracture.
torsion
A fracture with localized expansion of the cortex, but little or no displacement of the lower end of the bone.
torus
A fracture which occurs at a right angle to the axis of a bone.
transverse
A splintered fracture of the distal phalanx.
tuft
apophyseal f.
A fracture in which a small fragment is torn from the bone.
articular f.
A fracture of the joint surface.
avulsion f.
An indirect fracture caused by tearing or pulling of a ligament.
blow-out f.
A fracture of the orbital floor caused by traumatic force.
boxer f.
Fracture of the metacarpal neck, caused by striking something hard with a closed fist.
bucket-handle f.
Also called a "bucket-handle tear." It is a tear in the cartilage which leaves a loop of cartilage lying in the intercondylar notch.
burst f.
Also called an "axial compression fracture." It is a fracture of a vertebra, often injuring the spinal cord.
butterfly f.
A comminuted fracture resulting in two fragments of bone on either side of a main fragment, resembling a butterfly.
buttonhole f.
Also called a "perforating fracture." Results when a bone is perforated by a missile.
chisel f.
Detachment of a piece from the head of the radius.
cleavage f.
Shelling off of cartilage by a small fragment of bone.
closed f.
A fracture which does not produce an open wound in, or penetrate, the skin.
Colles' f.
Fracture of the lower end of the radius, where the fragment is displaced.
comminuted f.
A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed.
complete f.
A fracture in which the bone is entirely broken, all the way across.
complicated f.
When there is injury to adjacent parts of the bone due to a fracture.
compound f.
Basically just an open fracture.
compression f.
A fracture as a result of compression.
condylar f.
A fracture of the humerus where a small fragment which includes the condyle is separated from the bone.
dislocation f.
A fracture which occurs near a joint, and results in displacement of the joint.
greenstick f.
Also called "hickory-stick fracture." A fracture in which one side of the bone is broken and the other side is bent.
hangman's f.
A fracture through the axis (C2).
impacted f.
When one fragment of a fracture is driven into another.
indirect f.
A fracture which occurs at a point distant from the injury.
insufficiency f.
A stress fracture that occurs when there is a normal amount of stress, but the bone is of decreased density.
intra-articular f.
A fracture on the articular surface of a bone.
intracapsular f.
A fracture occurring within the capsule of a joint.
intrauterine f.
Fracture of a fetal bone while in utero.
Le Fort f.
Fracture of the maxilla. (There are different types of Le Fort fractures, which are dictated "Le Fort 1, 2, or 3" and transcribed as Le Fort I, Le Fort II, and Le Fort III.)
linear f.
A fracture extending along the length of a bone.
longitudinal f.
A break extending in a longitudinal direction.
oblique f.
A break extending in an oblique direction.
open f.
A fracture which results in an external wound, i.e. a portion of the fractured bone protrudes through the skin.
simple f.
Opposite of a compound fracture, basically a closed fracture.
spiral f.
Also called a "torsion fracture," where a bone is literally twisted apart.
spontaneous f.
Occurs as a result of some longstanding disease and is not traumatic.
stress f.
Caused as a result of repeated stress to a bone (commonly seen in soldiers or athletes).
subcapital f.
A fracture of a bone just below its head.
torsion f.
Also called a "spiral fracture." See above.
torus f.
A fracture with localized expansion of the cortex, but little or no displacement of the lower end of the bone.
transverse f.
A fracture which occurs at a right angle to the axis of a bone.
tuft f.
A splintered fracture of the distal phalanx.