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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The people of northern Alaska are called ______.
Eskimos
The people of Greenland and Artic Canada are called ____.
Inuits
The main source of food for the Eskimos is _____.
meat
____ and ____ are the main source of meat for Eskimos.
seal and caribou
Cooking pots and lamps were made from a soft rock called ___.
soapstone
Eskimos' boots are called ___.
mukluks
____ is a long, hooded jacket made of different types of fur.
parkas
In the summer, the Eskimos lived in _____ and _______ houses.
tents and stone/sod block houses
____ is a layer of earth held together by grass and roots.
sod
In the winter, the Eskimos built houses out of ice called _____.
igloos
Eskimos used ___ ____ as a way of transportation over the ice and snow.
dog sleds
What were the dog sled made of?
wood, whale jawbones, frozen skins and frozen meat
The ___ was the only kind of animals domesticated by the Eskimos.
dogs
To travel on water, the Eskimos used ___ and ____.
kayak and uniak
A ____ is a one-man boat made of sealskin stretched over a boat frame.
kayak
The ____ is a large open boat used for long hunting trips.
umiak
A _____ is a long spear like weapon with a barb head attached to some kind of cord.
harpoon
Why have many Eskimos moved into towns and villages?
Because there is not enough animals left on the tundra to hunt for food.
The most famous missionary to the Canadian Inuits is __ ___.
Sir Wilfred Grenfell
The northern woods of Canada and Alaska are called __ or __ ____.
taiga or boreal forests
The largest forest of North America are the __ ___.
boreal forest
The main trees of the taiga are _______, the oldest and largest trees in the world.
conifers
Most conifer trees are ____, trees that keep their leaves all year.
evergreens
In the southern part of the taiga, ____ and ___ grow.
pines and firs
The _____ trees grow in the open areas around the ponds and lakes.
broadleaf trees
The _____ trees are the most numerous and varied trees in the world.
broadleaf trees
___________ trees lose their leaves in the fall.
Deciduous trees
Deciduous trees are also called _______ because they have hard wood.
hardwoods
The __ ____ or canoe birch was used for make canoes, baskets and paper.
paper birch
The ___,____, and ____ all are members of the deer family that are valuable to the indians of the northern woods.
caribou, moose and wapiti
The ______,the largest member of the deer family, have a "bell" of flap of skin hanging from their neck.
moose
North America's largest rodent is the ______.
beaver
The _____ has done more than any other animal to shape the landscape of the North American continent.
beaver
How has the beaver shaped the landscape of N. America?
By building dams and ditches.
The ____ is a type of weasel that has a white coat in winter and a brown coat in the summer.
ermine
The _____ is also known as the "skunk-bear" because of its size.
wolverine
The ____ has a luxurious fur coat that is sought after by man.
mink
The ____ is a large bird, considered the most intelligent bird in the world.
crow
The ____ is among the largest and most powerful birds in the world.
eagles
The golden eagle is also known as the "__ __ __ ___".
"king of the birds"
The Indians of the Far North are: 1) 2) 3) 4) and 5)
1) Cree, 2) Ottawa, 3)Yellowknife, 4) Beaver and 5) Ojibwa
Why do the Indians of the far north not farm?
Because the growing season is too short.
Indians make ________ to eat on long trips.
pemmican
In the winter, Indians use ____ and ________ to travel over deep snow and ice.
snowshoes and toboggans
______ are soft leather shoes.
moccasins
The Ojibwa tribe has also been called the ______.
Chippewa
Indians of the Far north live in houses made of ____ and live in ____ when they travel.
wood and tepees
The children of the far north (do, do not) attend school.
do not
How do the children learn to survive?
1) boys are taught to be watchful and hunters, 2) girls are taught to keep their homes