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68 Cards in this Set

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"Women Legally Dead" stemmed in part, from the belief that ___ had unleashed sin into the world
Eve
Women Legally Dead evidenced by the fact that women could not vote, sue, or run a businss unless they received permission from _____ (women's loss of legal status upon being married was, under English and American law, known as ____)
husbands or became widows, overture
Women legally dead, considered women to be visible in society at only three times: birth, marriage, and death (an ____ was considered to be "a most calamitous creature"; women typically had 7-12 children)
old maid
Women legally dead, depended on women to be _____ in the New World
civilizers
Women legally dead, required women to _______ contribute to the taming of the colonial landscape, from forest to famrland, especially in the Chesapeake Bay area in the 1600s, where ___ of the children lost a parent before turning twenty-one and in the South, where ___ of the childre in the 1600s did not survive to adulthood
physically and emotionally, 3/4, 5/8
Republican motherhood resulted from ____
Revolutionary War
Republican Motherhood, Recognized a change in women's roles from subordinate managers of the household to ____ on the homefront (_____ actually served on the battle front and ____ advocated for increased educational opportunities)
valuable patriots, Mollie Pitcher, Murray
Republican motherhood, praised contributions women made toward the war effort (supported the ___ on tea; held _____ instead of importing cloth)
embargo, spinning B's
Republican motherhood witnessed women organize themselves into the _____ and the _________
daughters of liverty, anti-tea league
Republican motherhood, depended on women to educatate _____ and ______ as well as themselves
patriotic sons, dutiful daughters
Republican Motherhood, resulted in "____," as some women had become more educated than their male counterparts, yet were denied equal social standing
role strain
______ wrote her husband, John, in 1775,, reminding him to "__________" when framing the new republic's government
Abigail Adams, remember the ladies
____ published A Vindication of Rights of Women
Mary Wollstonecraft
A Vindication of Rights of Women consdiered to be the "______" and the first social and political manifesto (public declaration of intention) by women
feminist bible
A vindication of rights of women, linked feminism to the ideals of ______
American democracy
A Vindication of Rights of Women challenged ____ regarding women's roles
religious doctrine
A Vindication of Rights of Women claimed women possessed _____
natural god given rights
The Cult of True Womanhood developed in response to the following factors: _____ society feared the increasing demands voiced by women, such as at Seneca falls, NY in 1848
Feminism
The Cult of True Womanhood developed in response to the following factors: _____ men were leaving the farm to work in factories; since women were not paid for their domestic labor it was not considered to be "work"; however, some women challenged social conventions by working at such places as the Lowell mill
Industrialization
The Cult of True Womanhood developed in response to the following factors: ____ exposure to new cultures created a "need" to stabilize American values and expectations
Immigration
The Cult of True Womanhood developed in response to the following factors: _____ moral concerns were the responsibility of the housewife; the 2nd Great Awakening and Congregationalism, a more democratic and participatory religion, gave women an opportunity to become involved in public life
Deist Religious Revivalism
The Cult of True Womanhood developed in response to the following factors: ______ women were involved in moral issues, such as the ____ Sunday School movement, abolition, temperance
social activism, reform
stressed four core attributes in women in the Cult of True Womanhood: _____ considered to be more spiritual than men
piety
stressed four core attributes in women in the Cult of True Womanhood: ____ expected to be pure in heart, mind, and body (until marriage)
purity
stressed four core attributes in women in the Cult of True Womanhood: ______ supposed to live in perpetual state of childhood
submissiveness
stressed four core attributes in women in the Cult of True Womanhood: ____ expected to establish the home as a safe refuge away from the temptations of everyday life in support of the "__________"
Domesticity, Doctrine of Separate Spheres
The Cult of True WOmanhood recognized women and children as "_______," beings who could fall prey to sin unless protected by a masculine figure
weaker vessels
The "Counter Cult-ure": Feminism at Mid-Century: comprised of women who opposed the oppressive ______
Cult of Domesticity
The "Counter Cult-ure": Feminism at Mid-Century: manifested itself as the _______ in New York in 1948, which was organized by abolitionist feminists ______ and _______
Seneca falls Convention, Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Santon
The "Counter Cult-ure": Feminism at Mid-Century: Sarah Margaret Fuller was the early 1800s foremost female intellectual, coediting the era's most important transcendentalist journal, _____
The Dial
The "Counter Cult-ure": Feminism at Mid-Century:_____ founded Mt. Holyoke in Massachusetts in 1837 as the first women-only college in the United States
Mary Lyon
The "Counter Cult-ure": Feminism at Mid-Century: Also included Sarah and Angelina _____, who caused a division within the abolitionist movement by claiming that both it and the feminst movement were essentially about ________
Grimke, human rights
Lucy stone and her husband, Henry Blackwell, caused a fervor by omitting the word "___" from their marriage vows and by keeping her maiden name
obey
The "Counter Cult-ure": Feminism at Mid-Century: Amelia bloomer flouted conventional dress by wearing Turkish pantaloons, later nicknamed "bloomers" under her skirt; her paper, the Lily, advocated gender equality and _____
temperance
The "Counter Cult-ure": Feminism at Mid-Century: By the 1870s Francis Willard had laid the foundation for the Women's Christian Temperance Union, a group inspired by a _____ Sunday School lecture
Chautauqua
Dorothea Dix initiated reforms for ____ and almshouse conditions and, decades later, became Superintendent of Untied States Army Nurses
jails
The Duality of the Western Woman: Sunbonnet Sue and Goodhearted Sal: resulted from ______
western expansion
The Duality of the Western Woman: Sunbonnet Sue and Goodhearted Sal: involved motivated and resourceful _______ women
middle class
The Duality of the Western Woman: Sunbonnet Sue and Goodhearted Sal: Identified women as working ______ with their husbands, rather than being dependent upon them (similar to colonial times)
interdependently
The Duality of the Western Woman: Sunbonnet Sue and Goodhearted Sal: Recognized women as protective, child-rearing contributers to the ______
homestead
The Duality of the Western Woman: Sunbonnet Sue and Goodhearted Sal: Retained women as the ________ leaders of the family
moral and spiritual
The Duality of the Western Woman: Sunbonnet Sue and Goodhearted Sal: transplanted the restrictive cult of True Womanhood with a more _____ interpreation of a woman's place in society
liberal (open minded)
The Duality of the Western Woman: Sunbonnet Sue and Goodhearted Sal: accepted, in part, because women were in ____ in the West, so men were forced to abandon eastern stereotypes
short supply
The Duality of the Western Woman: Sunbonnet Sue and Goodhearted Sal: overlooked by _______ (western women made valuable contributions to society)
Turner's Frontier Thesis
The Duality of the Western Woman: Sunbonnet Sue and Goodhearted Sal: the "cowboy" type male tended to generalize western women as either....
Sunbonnet Sue (respectable "good girl", slept at homestead) and Goodhearted Sal (risque "bad girl", slept at the saloon)
The Duality of the Southern Woman: women's roles in the South were greatly defined by their _____ circumstances
economic
The Duality of the Southern Woman: the emergence of an aristocratic class emerged in the ____ a.k.a. the Lower South, as short staple cotton production moved inland and a new _____ class developed
Black belt, planter
The Duality of the Southern Woman: married women within this upper crust of society were known as _____ and were responsible for nurturing and educating children, served as decorative hostesses for their husbands and fulfilling the overall image of the "_____" also called the southern belle
plantation mistresses, southern lady
The Duality of the Southern Woman: among smaller planters, women often farmed with their husbands, spun, wove, supervised slaves and were generally iewed in a more _____/____ fashion
equitable, liberal
The Duality of the Southern Woman: After the war, women from the aristocratic families spearheaded the _____ movement in the South
public education
Women During the Civil War: on the home front: managed ______ and farms, supplied ____ effort
businesses, war
The Duality of the Southern Woman: On the war front, served as nurses, cooks, couriers and secretly as soldiers, and spies; Union nurse ____ known as "angel of the battlefield" later helped to found the ________
Red Cross
Progressive Era: _____ emerged for the purposes of intellectual development and, later, sociopoltiical reform )especially ____)
Women's Clubs, suffrage
The Duality of the Southern Woman: Three main groups: _____ focused on women gaining the right to vote - Susan B Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Suffragists
The Duality of the Southern Woman: Three main groups: _____ sought the vote and aadditional social reforms - Kelley, Addams, Sanger, Catt
Social Feminists
The Duality of the Southern Woman: Three main groups: ______ demanded total equality with men - Gilman, Paul
Radical Feminists
The Gibson Girls: resulted from the prosperity and idealismj of the 1910s (until ____)
WWI
The Gibson Girl: was actually pictured ____, ____, ____
rollerskating, skating, or rowing
The Gibson Girl: defined the "_____" as witty, optimistic, refined, progressive, and not in need of a man, the cirumstance sof two women living together was sometimes referred to as a "_______"
modern woman, boston marriage
Women in WWI: contrasted the graceful image of women created by the ______
Gibson Girl
Women in WWI: 34,000 served as nurses, clerks, translators, radio electricians on the war front (the first time women could enlist in the military) and supported Wilson's "_______" on the homefront
War to make the world safe for democracy
Women in WWI; Catt's _____ and the ___ were anti-war, though members came to see support fo rthe war as a step toward suffrage
Women's Peace Party, Nawsa
Women in WWI; led women to seek further indepdendence after the war, an independence accomplished in part with the ratification of the ______
19th amendment
The Flappers: rebelled against the rigid confines and social stagnation of ____ life; also resulted from post-WWI prosperity
WWI
The Flappers: drove a car, held a job, asked men out on dates, frequented dancehalls, smoke and drank (even during _____); went to _____
prohibition, petting parties
The Flappers: became less vogue with the onset of the ______
Great Depression
Who wrote the Feminine Mystique?
Betty Friedan
Who wrote The Man in the Gray Flannel suit?
Sloan Wilson