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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pedagogy
The art and science of teaching children
The Four Pedagogical Competencies
The four competencies of pedagogy are: Purpose
Content
Communication Skills
Professional Development
Static Content
Curriculum that dose not change, what you teach.
Dynamic Content
Knowledge and skills about teaching that changes based on environment of classroom.
Constituencies
Students, parents, colleagues, and community members that a teacher is involved with and is responsible to
Mentoring
the process by which an experienced educator helps a less experienced educator
Educational Strategy
the combination of subject matter, learned techniques, and skills for implementing instruction
General Categories of Instructional Experiences
multimedia presentations, guest speakers, classroom lessons, field trips
Instructional Technique: Direct Instruction
Having a teacher giving specific knowledge or instruction and the students attempt to replicate it.
Professional Development
Activities in which educators engage to expand their knowledge, skills, and general competence or contribute to the profession
Mentoring
The process by which an experienced educator helps a less experienced educator
Educational Strategy
The combination of subject matter, learned techniques, and skills for implementing instruction
General Categories of Instructional Experiences
Multimedia presentations, guest speakers, classroom lessons, field trips
Instructional Technique: Direct Instruction
Having a teacher giving specific knowledge or instruction and the students attempt to replicate it.
Instructional Technique: Direct Instruction
Having a teacher giving specific knowledge or instruction and the students attempt to replicate it.
Instructional Technique: Drill & Practice
The repetition of previously learned information
Instructional Technique: Lecture
Teacher takes active role of providing information while students take a more passive role by listening
Instructional Technique: Question & Answer
Where teacher asked question expecting a specific response
Instructional Technique: Discussion
The interchange of ideas. Greater depths of ideas rather than just aquistion of knowlwdge. Neither student or teacher holds the upper hand. Stuent to student talking/ student to teacher talking.
Instructional Technique: Mental Modeling
Student directs their own learning. Student is aware of what type their type of learning style.
Instructional Technique: Discovery Learning
Focuses on studets personal experiences as the foundation for development. Uses prior knowledge to figure out what they dont know, make inferences, and draw conclusions.
Instructional Technique: Inquiry
ALows students to generate the questions that they will then investigate and answer. The highest level of thinking.
General Categories of Instructional Experiences
Classroom lessons, multimedia presentations, guest speakers, and field trips.
Reflection
Thinking crirically about expreiences or observations and making connections with other ideas and drawing inferences for consideration. Further thinking on stuff learned.
Divergent thinking
Creating an original idea from an idea allready presented.
Convergent thinking
Taking ideas form several different sources and coming up with one idea.
Instructional Technique: Mental Modeling
?
The Four-Phase Learning Cycle
Intoduction-Exploration-Concept-Development
The Taxonomy of Instructional Techniques
The hierarchy of teaching techniques that goes from teacher focused to discussion orriented and then to student focused.
Bloom's Taxonomy
The clssification of how a studets learns goes from least sopisticated level of processing info to the highest level of cognitive thinking.
Taxonomy
How you classify info
Student Diversity
The ways in which individuals/students differ from one another.
Race
Genetic make up, skin color and physical features
Culture
Traditions: values, attitudes, beliefs, behaviors, religion, a way society does things. Not biological

Components of culture- creative expressions(dance music art clothing) cultural heritage, story, illusrations, traditions,values, symbolism, jargon, artifacts, tachnology, rituals, naming traditions.
Ethnicity
A sense of common ancestral background and the sharing of common values. Related actions and behaviors.
Ethnicity
?
Multiculturalism
How various culural groups interface. How people think and act around each other
Cultural Plurality
Acceptanc of differences between cultures in one society.
6 Levels of Multicultualism a school might have
Tolerance- just puuting uo with/allowing something, not agreeing with it,Lowast level of human interaction.

Acceptance-bringing in idea. Opening the door to others,

Respect- giving of yourself to others suupoting ideas. Leaving door open for recieving.

Affirmation- aknowledging and recognizing ex. Praise.

Solidarity- Coming together for a common purpose. Critique-

Analyzing, getting to know someone and understanding them better, Recognizing each others needs and similarities.
The United States as the Melting Pot
Blendig together to becoem the same.
The United States as a Salad Bowl
Coming together but still having individuality.
Levels of culture
Family culture, sub culture, and wider culture
Brain plasticity
Reorganization of brain, Thinking and adaptation. Molding of the brain.
Amygdala
Emotional filter for our experiences.
Cultural landscape
'A cultural landscape is fashioned from a natural landscape by a culture group. Culture is the agent, the natural area is the medium. The cultural landscape the result.' Carl Sauer

Geography, climate, housing, vehicles, language

Interface between people and landscape
Minority Status
Fewer number people of race in an area
Majority Group
Greater number of people of a race in an area
Jargon
1. (Linguistics) specialized language concerned with a particular subject, culture, or profession
2. language characterized by pretentious syntax, vocabulary, or meaning
3. gibberish
Reform
Change in order to try to obtain a better outcome
Metacognition
Awareness and understanding one's thinking and cognitive processes; thinking about thinking (World English Dictionary)
Me aware of my knowing
Cultural context
Culture - A particular society at a particular time and place.
Context - the conditions and circumstances.